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i-^ 



nPHBPEW y CI0BEHA1K0J 



Hahxcao : 
EPHECT KPyJIEJ 



1917. 

HCEHEBA — TPrOBAIKA niTAHnAPHJA 

Bne de la Synagogue, 31. 



GIFf 



I ■ .. - -!.-»> ■% 



HC40'] 




SK7t 



^HoCBEbEHO CBETJiOJ yCQOHEHH BEJIBKOF JyrOCJIOBEHA 

Ap- JAHE3A KPEKA 

nPHJATE^A GJIOBEHAqKOr CE.BAKA 
•H OPrAHHSATOPA CJIOBEBAqKOr SAAPYPAPCTBA. 



367 



7bos. 



npHRasHBame eROHOMCKor cTama cjOBeHaHRor na- 
i^BOHajiHor xepHTopHja saHJiasH na MHore TeniRo&e, jep 
je j^aHainibHH paxoM totobo oHeHory&eHo Ta^HO npaTHTH 
noje^HHe eEOHOMCRe rpane y shxobom CTaBy h pasBOjy. 
MHore OA shx HMabe 6eJieaRHTH na^aBe, Apyre oneT Ha- 
npeAftB* nocjie paxa ^o6jAe Teac^a sa BacnocTaBjbajB&eM 
CTa&a npe paxa Rao h se^a sa pe4>opHaira h no6a&iDa&eH 
eROHOMCRor noJEoasaja npBeHCTBo, na ^e 6hth saio carypHO 
OA RopHCTH, Aa ce eROHOMCRO CTSKe cJOBenaHRor lepHTo- 
pHJa npeACTaBH TaEO RaRso je h 6hj!I0 npe OBora paxa. 
Je^Ho CTOJH, Aft &6 seMAopaAHHiDTBO 6hth npe CBHJy npBo, 
Roje &e nocje HSBo^eBa BasHHx pe<{)opaHa h SHa^ajne npo- 
xene eROHOMCRor npaBi^a 6hth npno y Mory&HocTH jubl Bac- 
nocTaBH CBOj npsoTHH noiosaj h cia&e. He CMe ce A^nac 
HH DOMHCjiHTH A^ 6e seMAopaAHHR (noApasyMeBaii oBAe 
caHo najH n cpeA&H noceA) morao 6hth saAOBOe&aH ca 
CBOJHM cTapBM eROHOMCRHH npaBiJ^eH. To He BasH cano 
8a cjiOBena^RH TepHTopHj nero h sa caB ocTaJH jyrocJio- 

BOHCRH XepHTOpH] . 

reorpa({)CRH nojiosaj cjOBena^Bor eROHOMCRor noA- 
py^ja je y CBaROM norjeAy xaRo uoboj^h RaRo ra HBjeAaH 
OA MaJiHX napoAa He noceAyje. Ca TpcTOM, rojh npHnaAa 

CaCBHM CJOBeHaHROM eROHOMCROH HOApy^jy HBHH Taj HO- 

jiosaj TO noApy^je jeAHHHH nocpeAHHRon HSMe^y npeBo- 
ifopcRHX senajba h aycTpHjcRO-neifa^Ror Rao h jysHO- 



6 — 



Hena^Kor eROHOMCRor no^pyHja. CjioBeni^ cy 6ejib yBeit 
OHH RojH cy saxBapajra 'Hem^Hiia nyT Ha JaApascRO Mop& 
H RojH cy ce oxJiy^HJra jifi, ce yxBare y RomTai; c ibHiia 
y eROHOMCRoj 6op6H ao Hci;pnjbe]&a, Ma jsfi, cioje obh y 
pasMepy npeMa HeMi^HMa no 6pojy CTaHOBHHOiTBa Eao 
1 : 60, a no eRonovcROj cnasH Rao 1 : 140 1 6op6a ce 
BOAHJia THxo y op^aHH8aI^I]aHa, a 6y^M0 h ceMHiocpAHo 
y nncMy h penn na napoAHOj rpaHsi^H. YspoR h noBO^ 
OBHM nai^HOHajiHHM H eROHOHCRHM 6op6a]ia, Roje cy ce 
oAnrpaBajie HCRiby^HBO na cJOBena^ROM seirAHniTy, 6enie 
yseK nacHJiHO neMa^EO Ha^npaKe, Hena^Ka noxjrena sa 
ocBajaaen, 0A6ai^HBaKe CBHJy npasa Apyrnx napoAHOCTH, 
ROje je namjio cboj BpxyHai^ y Hspasy o ^npaBy ja^era",. 
HeMaHRH „ Drang nach Stiden*', xao h HaMepaBasH ne- 
Ma^BK MOCT nOA BeiTa jsfi AApHje** bojh 6h Tpe6ao bo- 
AHTH npeRO cJOBena^Re seMAe x. j. npeRo rpo6Aa cjio^ 
Bena^Ror njieneHa. 

C OBHM i^HJbeM npeA o^Hna sano^e^a je nocjie 1850. r. 
jaRa repMaHHsaniHja, Roja je ((njia no;QrnHpaBa saaTHO oa 
ApsaBHe ynpaBe h to napo^HTo THMe mro ce CjioBeni^Ma 
HHje j^aBajio ^hcto cJOBenaHRHx ochobhhx mROJia, a 
cpeAKe niROJie cy 6EJLe cBe cacBHM neMa^Re, mio ce 
cjiajio y ciOBenawe seiiAe yseR caMo neMa^RO ApsaBHo 
HHHOBHHniTBo, a cJioBenaHEe ^HHOBHHRe — napoHHTO one^ 
ca nopoAHi^aifa — 6ai^ajia je Apsana y HenaHxe Rpajese, 
r^e cy KHXoBa ^ei^a Mopaia nojaSHTH neifa^Re niROjre b 
3a6opaBHTH CBOj jesHR. Obh HeMa^RH hhhobbhiw 6hjih cy 
Haj6oAe neMa^Re i;peTXOAHBii;e, ROje cy saniTHiaBaHe asr 
KOHHMa H saHAapnepHjoM HHHHje Kao TepopncTe repna- 
HHsai^HJH Haj6ojbHx ycjiyra. FjraBHa BHXoBa sa^a&a cacTO- 
jajia ce y tomo, Aa Ao6Hjy noROjie6jbnBe jbjAe noA cbo| 
ynjiHB H Aa oa &bx cTBope nociyniHO opy^e, Aa HsanoBy 



— 7 



HenoBepeibe Hsnej^y BapoAHHX Boj^a, ^a ocyMH»H<ie sa-. 
poAHe Boj^e KOA Hapo^a h Aa ceja&eM HecnopaayMa h 
HeaoBepesa paspHBajy Hapo^Hy oTOopay cnary. 7 no- 
Hemy cy HvajH ycnexa, ho h to je npecTaJo Ka^ ce oko 
r. 1870. c Bej[HBHH HapoAHHM cKynoBHMa noA OTBopeHftn 
He6oM, SBaHBM „Ta6opH", npo6yAHJ[a cJiOBeeaHKa HapoABa 
CBecT. HajBe&H „Ta6op** cacTao ce y JbyjOMepy, kojh je 
noceTHJio ORO 70.000 AyAH ca cJioBeHaHRo-HeMa^Ke ea- 
poAae rpaHHi^e h hs yrapcRe. 7 oho BpeMe sanonejie cy 
jtyTe HapoAHe 6op(!e y BojHMa ce ca o6e cTpane yno- 
Tpefi^aBaja HajpasjHHHHja cpeACTBa, h Roje cy ce 6op6e 
nojanaBaJie cBe ao no^eiKa OBora paTa. Tpe6a ce caMo 
ceTHTH 6opa6a cjioBeHa^Be asaAeMcice oMJiaAHHe y TpaAiiy 
H Ee^y, Roja je Tpase&H cJOBena^Re niRoie yseR HMaja 
Aa HSApsaBa Tyne ca Heiii^Hva. RaRBa MpsH>a je hocto- 
jajia ice!^y sHua Rase nan obo: CiOBena^Ra AKaAeMcxa 
OMJ[aAHHa Aomjia je ao yaepeHia Aa HeMi^H yBaasaBajy h 
naneTHO roBope cano c OHHMa, rojh hx noniTeHO Jiyne no 
rjiaBH. y Ty capxy ycTanoBHjra cy ce y Be^y aRaAeMCRa 
Ma^eBajiaqRa ApyniTBa „CaBa'' h „GjiaBa" a y FpaAiiy 
yHjHpHja'' H ^TpHFJiaB'', Roja cy CTaBHJia ce(>H y 8aAa&7 
Aa npe6Hjy Hena^Re v^TpnieBe** y ABoGojHMa ca cafiAon 
y pyi^H. ycnex je 6ho TaBaB, Aa cy „6ypnieBB'' jom npe 
OBor paTa t. j. oa npe 30 roAHHa nornyHo H36eraBaj[H 
eyRo6e c ^iraHOBHua obbx ApyniTasa. Tpe(^a ce ceTHTH 
yjiHHHHx 6op6H H A^HOHCTpai^Hja y MapsSopy, IlTyjy, 
IDomTaKy, H^e^y, GeBHHi^H, EpesHi^aua, AoM»aJ!aHa h y 
Jljy6AaHH, Boje cy ce oa 1900., jBeR HsasDane oa He- 
Mai^a, BHine nyxa noHaB^ajie. GsyAa h ysen je 6Hjia san- 
AapHepHja h BojcRa na cTpaBH Henai^a, a sapo^HTO y 
Ay6.£aHCR0M cjrynajy AHe 20. cenTeM6pa 1908., rba cy 
no nape^e&y HeMKa nopy?HHBa Majepa y6BJeHH oa ne- 



-8- 

ME'iKHx BOJHHKa 27. HemaAHCKor nyxa Asa nHpsa rpa|aHHHa 
^- AA&MH& H JlyHAep — R pa&eHo BHme A^MOHCTpaHaTa 
(CJIHHHOCT ca CJiy^ajeii y Savergne). OBaj y6Hi;a-o<|>Bi^Hp 
KasB&eH je npeMemxajeM y 6oah rapHH30H. Obbkbex y6H- 
CTaBa, caMo BHme AymeBHor h eROHOMCEor Kapaxrepai 
uoTJLO 6h ce Hape|aTB 6e86paj. Obbj paT je ROHaHHo a^o 
HeMi^HMa Be& ^aBHo se^eHy CHjiy y pyxe, Aa cy uovxe 
cacBHM oTBopsHo noRBsaTH cBOjy MpsB&y H HBHepe, Aa 
GjiOBeHi^ Tpe6a Aa sa yBeR HmqesHy. CxoTHHaHa cy xe- 
pajH HajyrjEeAHHje GjioBBHi^e sa Bemaia h npeA nymRy, 
TAB cy HopaJH sptbobbth cbo] sbbot sa cjo6oAy cjoBe- 
Ha^Ror njieMCHa. XHJbaAaMa cy OABjra^enH y saTBope h y 
jorope HHTepHHpaHHX, Tjsfi cy BaMyieHH rovHJaMa yxH- 
pajiH. Cbo ce obo AemaBaJio noA o6pa3HHOM neiiaqRe Ryji- 
Tjpe^ nocjie TporoABiDB&HX nyRa h naTSba ocanBajcT je 
zHjbaAa 6ojiecHHx jbyAH na saxxeB jyrocJOBeHCRHx BapoA- 
HHx nocjsaHHRa, aa ocHOBy „Bej[HEOAyniHe^ i^apcse aMHe- 
CTHje, noHOBO yrjieAajo sapKO cyni^e, aor xHjbaAe ne- 
cpeTHHRa caMO aaxo jom Aa^e naxe, jep upse HeMi^e h 
jep Hx je poAHia ciOBeHaHRa icajRa. FepMaHHsai^Bja je 
y nynoM jeRy h no MHHiAeBy HeMaii;a ypeAHfce sa Be^tra 
BpeMesa cano „njeMeHHTo Hena^Ro npaBo ja^era^. Ohh 
ce CMaxpajy Be& rocaoAapHMa cjiOBeHaHRHX seirajba, no 
TOMe H ceBepHor A6Jra JaApana, a moct da nBajTHRa ao 
JaApana*' Rao Aa je roxoB. Apyror cy uEmjbeibSi Gjo- 
Beni^H, RojH cy yBepenH, Aa cHja He xpaje hhrba se^nxo 
H Aa npaBAa Mopa no6eAHXH. 

JI,a 6h ce CjoBenii^H MorJiH jarjbe OAynpexH repna- 
HHsai^BJH, OHH cy cxBapajiH cxporo Hai^BOHaina Apynixna, 
Rao Bestfaja^HO ApymxBo „Corojii^ y jll3y6j^HH (1860). 
Oa OHor BpeMena pacjia cy HesepoBaxHOM 6p3HH0H saj- 
pasjiHHHBJa ApynixBa, Eao Be3K6ajia?Ra, neBa^Ra h saxpo- 



— 9 — 

racHa ApymxBa, noAPfSHHi^e niBOJiCRor ApymTBa „Cb. 
MpHJira H MexoAa", ?HTaoHHn;e, mnopTcxa APymTBa h 
KJ^6oBH, jioBa^Ka ApyniTBa h KjyfioBH, neAaromRa, ny- 
3H9Ra ApyniTBa, BH»HSHHi^e H T. A- TaKo Aa ce Morjio npe 
paTa Be& na&H y cBaROM Beien ceiy Hajnaae je^Ho ox 
OBEX ApyniTaBa. Gse oho ihto je ApyrHM BejHRBH napo* 
AHHa ciysHJO y safiasy, B6»6a&e Teja, AynieBay xpany, 
Ao6poTBopcTBO, CBe CB TO ROA GjOBOBaua ynoTpe6HJio sao 
cpeACTBo sa 6op6y npoxHB pMpaseHor HeMCTBa. 3a cjo- 
BenaHRo-HeifaTOy eapoAHy rpaHHi^y ycTaeoBHo ce 1912. ro- 
AHHe y H^eAy ^Caaes HapoAHHx ApymTaBa" ca saAa&OM, 
Aa nomaAe ea cBaay safiaey hjih ApynxTBeny ceABHi^y 
RaKBor cjEOBeea^Kor ApynixBa y KopymRoj h nixajepcRoj 
no jeAHor hjih BEme 3acTynHHRa, a^ oApse npeAa- 
Ba&a H roBope RaRo 6h ce Morao 6oj opoTHB Heuai^a jom 
noomxpHTH H nojanaxH. Be& cnovenyxo cjOBesaHRO npH* 
BaxHo niROJECRo ApynixBo HMajo je y CBaRox Beben Mecxy 
CBoje noApy2KHHii;e (cauo y FpaAi^y ^exHpH: aKaAeMCRy, 
xymRy, sescRy h paAHH^Ry), Roje cy ao6poboahbm h pe- 
AOBHHM npHiosHMa CRyoHJie BHine MHjiHOBa Rpyna, ROJBMa 
je Morjo cpeAHHiHo ApymxBO y jDyA^baHH HBApsaaaxH Ha 
HapoAHOj rpaHHi^H oro 30 npHBaxHHX ciOBenaHRHx mROJa 
H HCXH 6poj AO^JHX sa6aBBniTa (am niROjie ca no ocav 
pa3peAa noce&yje BHme oa 3000 cjoBena^Ee A6i^e). ^a 
6h HMao npocxH napoA aoboaho snama h Hao6pa86e, cjo- 
Bena^Ra je cpoA^e- h aeJiHRoniROJiCRa oMjaAHHa CRyn.&aja 
no BapomHMa oa Ry^e ao ^y^e jyrocjroBencRe RBnre h 
cjiajia CBase roAHse no BHme nyryjy&HX RKHSHHi^a Ha 
HapoAHy rpaHHi^y. HsAaBaie cy ce jeBx&He hobheo, ROje 
cy ocHM xora mxo cy aohochjo sa ce^ava h paAHHKa 
RopHCHHx CTBapH, y CBaROM 6pojy HX noAce&aJie na 6oj 
npoxHB Henai^a. Me)^y CJCoaeHi^HMa 6enie 14% aHaji({)a- 



I 



- 10~ 

6eTa. a ue%Y MymKHna y CTapocTH o;^ 10— 30 roAHHa jom 
caMo 3,%, na ce nose 3aT0 JiaRO npoTyna^BTH damTo cy^ 
Kaare ^^pymTBa Cb. Moxopa*', Koje je HSAaBBJio 3a 2 Bpyne 
roAHinH>e 6 — 7 cjiOBeBaiK^x Efi»Hra, ne^y aapoAOH Taxo 
pamHpeHe, abl neMa y CjOBeBaHBoj Ry&e Koja obex EB&Hra 
He 6h HMaJia. FoAHHe 1910. HMaJO je obo jrpymTBO 84 000 
HJiaHOBa H nrraMDBJio je y CBojoj mTaMDapajH y UeJiuBi^r 
(y KopymKoj) oko 700.000 Kttira, KOje cy TBopHJie sa 
Ty roAHHy AynieBHy xpany cjiOBeBaqKor njeifeEa. 3a hh- 
TeJHreHayjy HSAaeaia je ^MaTHua C^OBeHCKa" (no^eTKOM 
OBor paTa 6hjo je j^pymTBo pacnymTeHo oa BjacTH h 
^aHOBfit nosaTsapaHB) 8a 4 Rpyne roAnm&e 5— 6 EKflra, 
KOJHMa je npHAajia jom je^Hy KftHry „MaTHi^e XpsaxcKe* 
H o6paTHo. 3a HSAaeaKe cJOBeea^KHX h ocTaxax cjOBee- 
CBHx HapoAHBx iTyMeTHHx necaMa, 6pHHyo ce npHBaTHH 
cJiOBeHaHRH KOHsepBaTopHj ^FjasfieHa MaTHi^a^, soja je 
AaBajia BHme nyTa CBOje Konr^epTe y Be^y Kao h no 
CBHMa jyrocjOBeHCRBH RpajeBBMa c o6e CTpaee Cebo h 
JllyHaBa. Gsa OBa ;(pyniTBa h ycTasoBe ysHuaie cy sbbo 
y^eja y napoAHOj 6op6H npoTHB Henau^a. IIoniTo nacTyn 
nojeAHHaHHHx ^pymTaBa, Ra^ je 6hwIo Tpe(^aJio noceTHTH 
RaHaB Rpaj Ha napoAHOj rpaHHii;n, rojh ce HajiasBo y 
onacHocTH 36or o;i;flapo]^BBaBa, HHje 6ho aobojbho BejH- 
^ancTBeH h noniTO ce sHajio Aa ce nojeAHBa ApymTBa y^ 
caBesy c ApyrHMa 6oAe pa3BHJajy, CTBapajH cy ce sa 
HOjeAHHe ApyinTBefle rpaee ApyniTBeHB caBesB Eao h. np. 
coROJiCKH cases, neBa^EH caees, ^bsl BaxporacBa caBOsa 
(Jl3y6jbaHa, JEajiei;), caBe3 Bao6pa36eHHX ApyniTapa, xpn- 
m]baHCRo coqBjajiHH cases h t. a-, RojBua ce Horjio cpaKaKO 
ycneniHHJe HacxynaTH h OAyoHpaiH ce- Hevi;H»a. 

Bjp5a npoTHB chjiho BajiHp;&e repManniTHHe BHJe 
ce 6HJia CBMO y hojihth^rom h ApyniTBeHOM acBBOTy, nera 



-^li- 
ce npeneJia m sa eROHOMCRH shbot. EfiOHOHCKa 6op6a 
CjioBeHai^a Aanac je rjaBHa h HajBasHHJa Hai^HOHajiHa 
6op6a, jep ce ;^o6po h npaBOBpeMeeo cxBaTHJro, ;^a aapoA 
6e3 cBoje BiacTHTe napoAHe eROHOHBJe HHEaxo ^jvo no- 
CTOjaTH He Mose. GjnoBeBa^sa ^ROHOncEa 6op6a je HtTo 
TaKo caMo HapoAHa oA^paaa Rao idto je to h ko;^ ^exa 
na ROA IIoibaRa y IIpycRoj. CjioBeHi^H cy ce nosasajH Rsa 
Ao6ap, sa opraHHSaii^Hjy caoco(!aH ejieHenaT, a je^HOBpe- 
MOHO H TaRo HCTO RanHTaiiCTH^RH cJL2i6. 3aTo cy HVaJH 
y no^eTRy* HeimH y nojeARHBM eROHOMCRHH rpaHama ny-^ 
Hor ycnexa h to Ha sajocT y Ha|yH0CHHJHM. SaysejiH cy 
^HTaBy TproBHHy, HHxycTpHJy, pyAapCTBO h sanaTe. Bop6a 
H oBAe' jom Tpaje, a Mopa ce npHsnaTH Aa cy CjroBeni^H 
HeuoiHMa Be& VHory TaHRy o^ysejiH h ar ce najiase Bft 
CBOjoj TepHTopHJH y noMeHyTHM rpanaMa oa 1900. anco- 
jiyTHo H pejaTHBHo y 6ojbeu h 6pseM HanpeTRy. 

^a 6h ocBojHJKH ciOBeBa^Bo HapoAHo noApy^je, 
HeMi^H ynoTpefiARBajy npoTHB cjioBena^Ror seMJbopaAHH^ 
niTBa ABa napo^HTa na^HHa h to: pa3Bapo^HBa&e h na- 
ce^^aBBEbe. EaRO 6k npBH hr^hh ycneniHHje A^jcTBOBao^ 
OHH ce Ha MypcROM h ApaBCROM no^y cjyse cpeACTBHxa 
Roja iipHRasyjy Hem^e y npaBoj 6ojH. Oa thx cpoAciaBa 
Aa HaHOMeHeH cairo obo: y nryjy HSAa^ajy Ha cjioBOBa?^ 
ROM je3HRy, a y HenaHROM Ayxy ype||BBaH ihct ^IIlTajepi^'^ 
ROJH ceje caa^y h HenoBepeB&e H3iie]^y cJiOBena^Ror na- 
poAa H aeroBBX BO^a; npHJiHROn HenaqRHx safiasa h y cbb- 
Boj Apyroj npHjHi^H H3Ai» je ce hs jeAHor oa HeiiaAa ocho-^ 
BBHor ({)OHAa napoAy 6ecHJiaTH0 obyra psKHJa h to naR » 
MJaAB^HMa, Ea rojh ce hrhbh mnpH ajiRoxojiHsaM h ho- 
Aynspe Henopaj a socpeAHo cja6H sApaBjbe Aasjie ochoe 
HapiAHor oToopa; eRonoMCRO cja6HM cjiOBeHaHRBM ce^a- 
i](Hua no3aJBiJbyje ce hobbii (o6HqHo no 4 %) c rojhm hx. 



- 12 — 

HKajj Y CBOjBH KjemraHa k BCBopHmraBBjy soa H35opa 
B J jipyrHK npHjBKava; saBHCRe ce^Kice, Haj&HBHse h 
leHHKe caie qox npeiTKOH oxysRvaaa sapaAe axo ae 
Ay CBOjy xeiiy y mkojo Heiia^Kor nScbulTereiDa" h t. a- 
Qj pax cy HevaqRe opraBBsaqBje ooxeJiie tseo ^a 
inajia pasHapol^BBaKe y oncer jipymTaBa .SUdmsrk" 
(Deutscher Schulverein", KOioBHsaitBJa k to Bapomia 
lejiospyr nSudmark'-a, a seHjbopaAHRHES y xaiospyr 
eimstS.ttenbank''-e. TjaBHs HB^sop boab r xBp^KTHBy 
je , Deutsche! Volksrat". KojOHHsanaja ce bojib ca- 
lu npopaiyaaflo b to sa obs j aa^HB : syne ce sefca ae- 
9ia BJH pi^e cJOBeaaqsa HHaaa, na ce noxeie Ba 
ne HaaBX r npo^ajy ys nOBO&Hy KeBy b hoboabo jTsp- 
le ycjoae BeRaisHH sojoBBCTHiia. Kao kojiobrcto Hxajy 

9AB0CT BpOTeCTaBTCEH CpyCH, gaTUM XpyrB BBHanB 

irecTaHTH jep boa ^hx qoctojb Bajuaoa ooacBOCT xa 
OOCiaiH GlOBBHllB, KOJB Cy KaTOJIHIlB. HajHBTepecaBT- 
je je, A& OBe eeiiaiKe sojOBRcre, kojh cy aobijb 
HCTepajy CjOBeai^e hs khiobb po|eae aeiue, noAy- 
[le HelyHapOABO oporecTaBTcKo ApyiDTso „Qustav Adolf 
ro oceiBo b bb BeiHKy mreTy no CiOBeBite. 

Jifi iSb ce 0A<5paBBJB oa OBor seiia^Kor jypBmafta, 
iHsaiB cy Cjobbbbh seiubopaABH^Ke saApyre, EOB^aBe 
lOAfl, .6aBKe, seuAOpaaBB^Re crpy^ae jbctobo, nocTaa- 
sa nyTyjyfce yqaTe^e bojb cy ofiajasHJR cejca b ce- 
^Re AOHOBe, Aa y^e ce^aKe oAJiy^BOH BapoAooH oce- 
by H 6o,teu rocnOAapcTsy, HXaAa BBxexBreHiiBia Bcxaxja 
■lOSBBsy hH3 HapOAa 3r BapoA" R xaEto h psABJa, 
lOBEHo je ApjniTBO „EpaBB(!op* Koje je cacTaBBjo aa- 
(BB KaracTap a boarjo (Spary o cJOBeHa^KOH aapoAHOH 
;eAy a KeroBox speTaay aa rpaaaivi, bbko (fa ce 
rjo npaBOBpoHeBo cnpe^HTZ apejas y aevaqKe pyse; 



-13 - 

cjoseHa^BH HOB^EHH saBo^H kjuobblje cy yrposesa HMa&a, 
no KojH nyx h HeManBa h npeBO ApynrrBa „BpaBH6op'' 
eace^aBaJH hx ao6phm CjToBeHi^Ma hjih ApyrHM JyrocjiOBe- 
HHMa H T. A- 36or obhx npe^oxpaHa GjoBeHai^a HacTajia 
je Ha OBOM noj&y npasa posoBCKa 6op6a, Boja ryra rpxHe 
cyMe HOBai^a h ^ynieBHe h TejecHe ceare. obom oiaj- 
HH7B0M BBBfty CjioBeHai^a Ha Hapoj^Hoj rpaHHQH, r^e ce 
HCE^pnjbyjy ^) cse KHxoBe cnare, Morjia 6h nacTaTH UTaBa 
nocetfaa BBHseBHocT o cMpTHoj 6op6H jeAHor Majior sa- 
poAHka OA 1 Va MHj[HOHa xynia. Y oboj ($op6H rpe6A xpa- 
ssTH yspoB, aaniTO HHcy CjiOBesi^H oiubtoj ^OBe^aHCKoj 
ByjTypH BHme AajH Hero mTo jecy. 

Ufljb je OBe BftHSHi^e a& HaM yBpaTRo npHKase 
eKOHOMCsy cnary CJOBeHai^a h aa nac noiaBHe Ha 036ha- 
HO cnpeMa&e 3a pa^ na eROHOMCBOM ja^a&y i^e^oBynHor 
JyrocJOBOHCTBa. 



*) J(o6poBO^HH cjioBeflaHBH sapoxHH Dopes (sa CBOje miojie, 
XpymTBa, h t. a.) hshoch na rjaBy obo 20 Kpyna roAiniBe. Gaiio 
TO AOKasyje ovajHHqxH oinop kojhh ce oAynnpy OjiOBeHi;! HeHi^Hiia. 



A. no/bonpHBpeAa, ciOHapciBO h luynapciBO. 



1. ArpapHO NCTopMJCKa CKHua. Ilocjire oAJiacKa Jlaa- 
ro6apAa y HrajiHJy nocejH cy crapn CjiOBenn cBe seMj&e 
H3Me|y AfHaBE, TajbaMeHTa h JaApancRor Mopa. Y rjiaB- 
HOM je &HXOBO saHHMacbe 6i/ljlo seMj^opaA^a, CTo^apcTBo 
H jioB. Ga ApyrHM o6pTHMa HHcy ce 6aBHJiH. ]F(>iixoBa saj- 
HHsa ApymTBefia jeAHHBi^a 6HJia je 3aApyra, bojhx je BHme 
3ajej!i.H0 o5pa30Bajio je^ey syny (synanajy), obex BHine 
naE njieMe. QBaRBO njieife osna^Hjio je yBen rpaHHiiy cBor 
noceAa, o6h?ho ca poMSJaMa oa BaHena, rpMOBUMa hjeh BasBHM 
ApyrHM BHAHHM sHasofiHMa. Sa^pyre cTapax CsoBeHa cacxo- 
jajie cy ce hs qjauoBa je^He HHrase nopo^cvi^e, KasBHx HMa 
jom H.AaHac y Cp6Bja h XpsaTCKOj. Fjiasa OBaKBx saAPjra 
HasHBao ce CTapemHHOM. CaMo 6h ce ^^anac TeniBo mofjo 
OApe;i:HTH Aa jh je cTapemHHa 6m jseK sajCTapHJR' HOBen 
y sa^pysH hjih je 6ho 6j9paH Rao Hajcnoco6HBJH Bsvel^y 
Ba^pyrapa. IIoinTO je 6hj[o o6H^aJHO koa ciapBX GjiofieBa 
Xa cy ce cbh Bo]^e 6HpajH, na to ^nne cJioBeHa^KH ce- 
jBauiH jom H ;(aHac, asl ce 6Bpa sa BacJie]^e BuaB^a OHora, 
sojH je Hajcnoco6HBJH seMj&opaAHBB, motjlo 6h ce npe^- 
nocTaBHTB, Aa je 6ho ApyrH cjiy^aj koa CTapax CjoBeaai^a 
y o^Hqajy, jep 6h to 6hjio h y HHiepecy seir^bopaAHB^Kor 
o6pTa. ^yoaMa hjih synaHHJaMa crajao je sa qejiy sKynaH, 
a HjieMeHHMa BeJiHHH syoaH (RHe3, BOJBO^a). ^ynaH h 
KHea 6hjih cy finpasH oa CTapemHHa, 3a BpeMe paia na- 



- 16 - 

e ctui H3a6pao RSHe^y ce6e Bajcooco6BHJer BOjHflKa 
(HeHOBao ra bojboaoh. CrapH CzoBeHqp bbcj ao- 
iH — aa pasJiHsy on Hevaita — HHsaKBe pasjBRfl 

coiSoif, CBK C7 (5bjh jeABaKoapaBHB h cjioGoxbi. 
spa^BH^KB o6pT Hopao ce oABrpaBaxB y THyrpam- 
[.njeuena y oKBupy xyna bib BBme saxpyra 8a- 

Koje cy TBopHje no jhxho cejo, oChhho npBcioseBo 
iKBy Ho^Bapy bjb BOJty j oUiHKy soacKe noABOBUte. 
jeAHB^EH nocex cvaipaJH cy myve, Dam&aKe, Boxe 
:, AOB cy QOAa 6Bja BCKAynBoa cBOJBHa nojexHHBZ 
ra. SeiL&a je ofipa^BBana no CBCTevy nXBajy KUBa" 
(OK je jeAHa aojOBBBa nojba 6Bjia oSp^na, xpyra 
lOBBHa crajaja sa to apeHe y nnapjory" Sea ycesa. 
^BBflae je AaKje 6B10 dito Hoxe 6btb eBCTeBSBBBO. 
Ca noqeTBOH sevaHKe KOiosBsaiiHJe, Koja je stno- 
y 8. CTOje&y (b Tpajaia cse f,o y 15. CTOJefce km 
>r pesOBBBz TjpcKBx yaa^a npecTaja), CTapB cio- 
KB npHBpeABB nopejUK HOpao je nperpuerH more 
le. HeBa^BB njeHB&B Koja cy y noqency xojaauH 
poTaH (xaKO ce je saaBBao cjoaeHaiEB xp*bbhb 
[o) noniTOBa.[B cy y npBo speife jom HeEaKo CTapa 
, GjoseHaiia a KOJ0HHSBpa.iB ce cauo y obbh Kpa- 
a FSfi je 6bjio one nycTO bjir caHs myHa. Kaj cy 
[OBesitB Ba max. uajio HaBBxJiB, ohb cy yveiB yqs- 

ce npasBH BJcacrejTBRBiia Eao mio cy 6bjb koa 

B 6p9o cy no^ejH acjibtb CjioBeaiie na cjio6oxae 
LiofioAHe. CiOBenaqKB ce^aK SBje tbho sapaBBo iSbo 
H) ycxBfceH B to He caxo 36or ry^HTKa jiuHBe cjo- 
aero b sCor npoHene npnapeAEor nopeTxa, no kobo 
)pao caAa paxBTB BiacxeiaBy Ha pofioTn, f,a,hata. 
icexBHy B MHoro Apyrnx AaBSH, a ocbb Tora je 6zo 
'|eH, 36or HOBe noAe^e seu^e no neHaHxoH naiBBy, 



— 17 — 

Ha sajeAHHHKO o6pa]^HBa&e y mhofem najirHH, noii;enaHHH 

napii;ejiaMa (Plurzwang) To My je CBe 6hjio Ty]^e, Rao 

mxo My je 6Hja Tj^^a h HejeABaBOCT ca sjracTejiHHOH. Oho- 

BpeMene coi^HJajHe npHJiHKe naTepajie cy cjioBeHa^iKe ce- 

j&aKe Ha nofiyne sa cBojy „CTapy ^paB;^y", Koje cy no^ejie 

ca .^jy^eBHTOM IIocaBCRHM 812. ro^BHe h TpajaJie ca npe- 

KHAOH y pasjinHHHM pasMaqHMa h paB.9HHHTHif BapHjai^H* 

jana, a yBen npoTHs HeMa^RHx BJacTeJiHHa h 9a nCxapy 

npaB;i;y" cbc ao ro^BHe 1662, Ka^ cy ^nynTH", 36or h3- 

HeMorJocTH cej&aKa npecTaiH. y oho BpeMe je 6bo hojo- 

»aj cJiOBBHa^Hor cej&aBa necHocan. mxo ny HHcy o^He^H 

Typi^H KoJH cy cBaxe ro^HHe xpos 3 cxoje^a ynaxajH, 

y^Hjajy&H H naje&H y cjOBeHa^se xpajeBe, oabo^hjih Aeuiy, 

»eHe H cxoBy, xo ny . je o^yseo HeMaHBH BJiacxejiHH, bojh 

je nocjie OAJacKa TypaBa Hsamao hs CBor yxBp^eHor 

rpa^a. Ha npajy je Mopao BJioHyxH h ca pecHrnai^HjoM 

je Hesao sa CBe mxo lie jom ao&h. H Aonijta je ro^HHa 

18i8 y Kojoj je 6ho 6apeM no czBaxa&y HayqxbaBa cejuiB 

xeopexcKH ocjio6o!^eH, a y hcxhhh je ocxao onaj hcxh po6 

Rao mxo je h 6ho, caMo ca^a eROHOMCBHx h coi^HaJCHHX 

nenpHJiHRa h xy^er Baanxajia rojh ra je HCRopHmliaBao 

npoxHB Bera caMor. 

* Ilpe OBe roAHHe (1848) oahoch H8Me]^y BjacxejiHHa 
H ce^aBa 6&ih cy obh : ^) BjracxeJCHHH y cjioBeHa^RHM Rpa- 
jeBHMa HHcy 6hjih caMH HCRj^y^HBH DoceAHHUH x^ejoRynHe 
njoAHe seifj&e. Ocbojhjih cy nojiaraHo myMe a c KHMa 
H jiOBy Rao H npaaa boa^. IIoceAOBajH cy h nemro 
DOAa, a TO Maibe jep ce ohh HHcy 6aBHjrH caMH HHsaA 
BetfibopaA&oM, Rao mxo je xo 6hjio o6paxHO y IIpycROj h 



*) Dr. Eugen Philippovich : Grundriss der politischen Oeko- 
nomie, II. Kibira, !• x<)0. 



2 



I- 



- 18 - 

^emKOj, aero cy ysHMaiH cse caMo ox ca&a&a kojhbo 
Hit je 3aTpe6oBajio. y noneTBy je j^aeao cej&aB CBoje AaBse 
DJieMB&Hiia SETO j^ cy OBH 6hjh nppAcraBBBiiH ;ipsaBe« 
4)yHrHpajH sao qAHje, nojiBUHJcse h BojBe BJiacTH loje 
cy Tpe6aJie cejbaBe mTHTHTH. Aaai^H cy 6bjih do Tone w 
Bane na BMe nopesa h 6Hje cy neKaso apaBHo sacBOBaBe. 
Eai( ce y 18. cTojieKy noqejo yBa]^TH xpa&aBHe ^hhob- 
HHKe H irpHTerJio cej&aRe bojhoj AysHocTH, npaBBa je 
THTyjia BJiacTeJiBHa H3ry6Hia CBy Bpe^^HOCT, na Aa BelL 
npe Tora HBje 6Hjia noTnyno ocHOBaaa, jep ohh cBoje 
xysHocTH, samTHTa cej&aKa h Ap. HHcy HMRaRO .HSBpniH- 
BajiH, mxo ce je noRaaajiro oco6iiTO 3a BpeMe TypcRHX 
yna^a. Oa c0j&aBa ce je TpasHJo yseR BHme h bc^bx 
AaBaxa h to KaBo ca cxpaae nJieMHia xaRO h noqeTBOn 
TypcRBx yaa^a ca CTpase AP^^Be. H aRo je ce^aR 6ho 
noceABHR cBor BMaKa h uorao ra je H>eroB cbh BacjieAHTH, 

BpXOBHH nOCeAHBB je 6hO BJiaiCTeJIHH, ROJH je TpaSHO OA 

HacjieAHBBa, Aa ny sa npHSHasbe KeroBor Bacjie^a onpa- 
B^a 0Ape]^efle nocjOBe. tberoBa Aei^a ifopajia cy cjiysHTK 
BjacTejHHy y cBOjoj MJraAOCTH Rao cjyre h cjymRHKe, sa 
seHHA6e A&Bao je BJtacTeJiHH A03B0Jire. Ca cbojom ctorom 
H CBOJBM AyAHMa Mopao je cej&aK Ba „po6oTy*' (RyjiyR) 
sa paAOBe Ba nyTeBHua, AaBao je 3anpere, paABo* je y 
HHAycTpHJCRHif H pyAapcKHM npeAyseliBMa BjiacxejiBBa, Rao 
B sa o6pa^HBaKe. BjacTejiHHCRe seMJ&e. CsaROMe cej&aRy 
je 6hjio oApe^eHO sojbro A&Ha y HeAejbH h ca rojhro 
j&yAH H naps BOJioBa je xpeCao paAHTH „rpajinqaRy^ 
(cnaxBJH). nbpeA Tora xpeGao je iijiaKaTH join h asbro 
y HOBuy H njiOAOBBHa, noaseA&e cy BasHsajH „A^ceTHHa*. 
J^ecoTHHa je 6Hia y noqeTRy A6ceTH ago cexaqRor npH- 
xoAa, a Taj Aeo ce je nojiaRO noBe^asao aor HHJe hocth- 
rao TpetiHHy b noJiosHi^y. Ca cTpane ojieMB&a A^teajo ce 



\ 



19 



je onex ce^ai^HMa y cjiyqajy HepoAHu;e h Heso^e shto 
8a ceace, aPbo sa rpa]^y, noxnope cspoTBKH) BSj^psasaJiH 
<;y. cejbai^HHa srpaAe, h AosBO^aBajTH ynoTpe6y cnaxB jcbbx 
myMa, namaaRa h nocjie aieTse h KHBe sa nonaniy. Be& 
BaseAeHo noKa3y je RaKo cy ycEe 6HJie nese mve%j ce^aEa 
H BJiacTeJiHHa, a jom cy nocrajajce y»e ca no;i;ejioM njo- 
j;h6 seM^be. 3eMjba je 6Bjia noi(e;beHa TaKO, Aa je CBaKH 
ce^BB . sao H BjacrejiBH noceAOBao ojn; Aofipe h jioniHJe 
3eM.£e OApe]^eH Aeo. Obh a^Jiobh 6H;in cy pacTpecesH h 
o6bhho j^aJieBO oa By&e ce^aKa. Ha xaj Ba^HH cy HuaBa 
(5HJia noi^enaHa y mhofo mbjibx KOMaAH&a y oko^bbh hb- 
ceo6HHa. BeiBHOH je 6hjio b BMa^e BJiacTejiBHa TaROHCTo 
pacTpeceHo. KaKo HHJe 6hjio aoboj&bo MorybHocTH ^a 6h 
Morao csaKH noceAHHR ko CBor KOHaj^B^a ^a Aocne c nyxa, 
noceAHHiiH nocTojeliHx AeJioBa 6hjib cy iipBHy]^eHH Aa pa^e 
KCTOBpeMe^o, cejy hcto »hto h atamy HCTOBpeMeno (Flur- 
zwang). OBaj Ha^HH o6pa^B£aKa noAynapajio je jom h 
npaBo Dame nocjce seTBe Ba cxpyjimH CBBjy obbx nocex- 
HHRa KOJHMa npHna^a 3ajeAHH^E0 o6pa]^eHa sev^a. Ocbm 
rrora nocTojajia cy jom h sajeAHH^Ka Hiraaa (myMe, na- 
m^ai^H H MoqapH) ROJHiia ce je Moraq ropbcthth HSBecTan 
^poj JbyAH, je^Ba hjih BBme onmTBHa sajeAHO. OBaRa 
HMaKa Ha^Heaia cy ce ^rifajHe** (onrnxe), a Hua bx jom 
Aaeac eoa CjioBeHaii;a. 73 to cy nocTojajia jom h cepBH- 
TyTBa BpaBa nojeAHflaiia, je^He bjib BBme ODmTBBa na 
nyieBe, namaaEe, myMe, Bo^e b ap* Roje cy ce BajvasBje 
y noceAy BJacxejiBBa bjcb y onmTe je^He Apyre oco6e; 
Hs Tora ce bbah RaEas je 6ho y 18. b 19. croje&y Eaoc 
y obom norjieAy. Ce^aR je 6bo copenaBaH y o6pa]^HEa&y 
€B0Je seM^zbe 36or HCEopsm^aBaiba KeroBHX paAHHX cnara 
OA BJiacTeJiBHa, a noAJeABaso cy 6b jib o6ojBiia noBesaBH 
^BAaH c ApyrsM 36or pacTypeHocTB h HSMemanocTH BMaB^ 
^ 6bjih cy npHHy^eHH sa 3ajeAHB^By o6paAy seMjBe. 



— 20 — 

Beb y 18. ciojieiy noKasajia ce noTpe6a sa pe- 
^pMaHa, Koje cy ce TeMe.£HJie oa pasBOjy seiubopa^^HBHse 
TexHHBe, Koja je oneT ca ceoje cxpane TpasHJia BBven- 
SHBHBjy otfpaAy seMAe. Ocbm Tora no^ejo ce CMaTpaTfl 
Hecjio6oAy cej&aBa bbo coi^EaJiHy rpeniBy, noBeliaHH 6po] 
CTaHOBHBiBTBa TpasHo je o6HJiBHjy npoBBBO^fty, a obb je, 
35or npeBeJEBse ynoTre6e pa^BBX cnara ce^aKosHX ca 
cTpane sjacTejiBBa, Mecxo Aa je pacjia, caMo jom ooa- 
AaJia. OcHM Tora OAnajie cy 36or nojBTfl^qBBX DpoHena 
CBe jaBHo-npaBfle AysBOCTB sjiacTejiHfla opeiia cejbauHMa. 
THMe je flacTajia Ay^HocT ^psase ;^a y OBOve oAHOcy 
saae^e hob pe^- To ce HSBpniHJio y AycTpajH Ten ca 
saKOHHMa H3AaHHH ro^HBe 1848. h 1849., aohhm ce 
y ^paHOiycKoj H3BpniHJi6 Bei ro;i;BHe 1789. TeK obhm 
saKQHHMa nocTao je cjioBesaqKH ce;baB npaBHM noceAHBEOM 
CBor HHBBa, aJiB cjio6oaho BBiCJie%e h cJo6oAHa Aeo6a HMa« 
i&a 6HJia je cse ao ro^HHe 1868. safipa&ena. 

OGJio6o%eme ce^aKa HSBpnieHO je tbeo, Aa cy ce 
CBe oco6He aTsrhocth ce^aRa 6e3 paBJiHRe h CBe bb khx 
HacxaJiH AaBUH h odaaese 6e3 oAniieTe oAnaJie. ^a^e je 
yKHHyTo npaao JiOBa Ha Ty]^oj sevAH h noceAyi npaBO 
cy^esba h ynpaae BJacTeJiaaa bba ce^ai^HHa h cbh AaBi^H 
y HOBiiy, njioAOBBMa h po6oTH (TJiaRB), cejBaiRHx noceAa 
OA RojBx cy ce MopajiH cejbai^B oARyoBTH HOBueM ujol 
seacjBOH. Ha xaj HaqRH oAoa^re cy b cne o6a6e3e BJiacTe- 
jBHa npeMa cej^ai^HHa nao noAnope y HeBOJBH, ApBo sa: 
rpa]^e, ceMe&e h t. a- 

TaiHO jecTe Aa ce je MOpao cTapH npHBpeAHH peA 
cpyniBTH npeA noTpe6aica Roje je TpasHJio hobo apeMe, 
ajiH OBO HHje CTBopHJio HHBiTa HOBO. Ma Aa je 6ho cejuiK 
caAa JHqHo 'cjio6oAaH, &eroBo HMa&e je 6hjo h jsjBLJbe^ 
BOE^enaHo na aeJiHRH 6poj mBwIthx napuejia, na RojnMa je^ 



- 21 — 

€ho BberoB pa^ cnpe^aBan ca aajpasjiBqHHJHH cepsHTyTBMa, 
na ra je cTajiro MHoro pa^a, a HMa&e My HHje hh tojibko 
^ohochjio Eao npe. Osa noMCTKa y seM^opaAHHmTBy no- 
Be&ajia ce join ca saEOHHHa b cjlo6ojs,eo} ji,eo6ii HMaaa 
tL ca yHBmTeH»eM cxapor sa^pysBor pe;ia ROHe ce sHJe 
T^ajio HHRaRBe npase saKOHCKe ocHose. HMaae caoBeBa'iKor 
<^eAaKa nocTaJio je sfior nouenaHocTH h pacTpemeHocTH 
HepeHTa6BJiHo, BBje uy aohocbjo tojibro kojibko 6h ho- 
pajo EaA 6b 6hjio 3;i;pyaceH0, o6bhho cy 6bjh abjiobh 
;(ajieRo oa Rytie a to ra je cxajio mhopo BpeMeea 9 ne- 
noTpe6Hor paji;a. Erohomcrh je caara cjiOBeBa^Kor cexajia 
nonymTaja 01 roAHae na ro^BBy, nocxajao je CBe cnpo* 
ManiHBJM, RpaxRo sarasBO je y fie^y o;^ Roje ce noRy- 
masao cnacxB HceAaBaaeH, Roj^ je pacjio CBaRe roABse 
AO npe paxa. Tane je oOjam^eno 36or ^era- ce BajiasB 
Ve u;eJ[OKynHor cjoBeBaHKor njeHefla y aHeps^RBM 4>a6pB- 
RaMa n py^SBi^BMa. A joni je^Ho naxaae Ban nocxaje 
THMe ja^^HO. Oflaj rojh je opaxBo npBCHJiHe cy^CRe npo- 
Aaje cjOBesa^BBx cej&BHRBx BHama, xaj 6b. hhcjibo, Aft 
je cjiOBenaqRH cejbaR Becnoco6aB qoBeR, roje Be yMe 
ynpas^axB bh CBoje BJiacXHxo BMaH>e. Ho xo Be cxoJH 
jep je c.?0BeflaqRH cejBaR BaapejiBOAotiap pa^eBBR Rao 
B Ao6£ip H mxe^ibBB ras^a. Hs cBe xo Beier 6poja npH- 
CBJHBX cy^cRBX npo^aja Horao je osaj rojh je nosaaBao 
OBy aecpe&y ao xaaqaaa caMo je^ao saRAyiBBaxa: rbro 
je CBjao noTpe6BO asBecxH Ay6oKBx h eBepranBax arpap- 
HBx pe({>opaMa. Tpe6a caaroM cpymaxH cae mxo je ocxaJio 
Jom B3 cpeA^er aena b mxo je srpemeao bphjhrom ocjio- 
6o^efta ce^baaa 1848. H cemb aycxpajcRB ApsKaaaaiiiH 
Ao5po cy BHAejiH ay^a CBe oao boab, ajia aacy aa cana 
saaJia aa RyA aa aaHo. Saajia cy Aa xpe6a pe({K)paaca, 
•caMO ae RaEBax, mxo aaM AOBesyje, Aa cy aeae saRoae 



- 22 — 

ysHHyTe roAHHe 1848. Aoi^HHje noBpaTHJH y BpeaocT 9 
oHAa oaeT xoRHAajiH. FoAHHe 1883. upuMJten je xpsaBBB 
OBBHpfiH sasoH arpapHBM onepai^jaiia (KoiiacaiiB]aiia» 
napi^ejiai^iijaMa, MejcHopai^HjaMa h t. a*) kojh ce no- 
wo H3B0AHTH y cjoBeHa'^iCHM seMj&aMa AocTa aoi^bbh. ^o- 
ro;(HHe 1906. arpapne onepac^Hje Bprnese cy caMO j 
Kpa&CROj H KopymKoj . h to y rjaBHOH Dapij^ejiaioije 
(KpaBCsa 62.000 ha, KopymKa 45.000 ha) h peryjai^Hje 
(RpascEa >000 ha, KopymKa 30.000 ha). Cfia HecpelL& 
CJioBefia^Ror seMJbopaAHBEa noTB^e b3 noi^enaBocTH h 
pacTpemeHbcTB meroBor HMaiba. RasBO je cTa&e oBaKBX 
HMa&a y aoje^HHRH noRpajBuaiia r^e CTbHyjy CjoBeni^B^ 
noKasyje Ban oBa Ta6ejia : ^) 

Oa 100 KaTacTpaiiHBx onmTHHa iHajio je : 





apoBAHpaHHX 


AeaBHBHHo 


noTnyao 




HuaBa 


pacTpAmeHHx 


pacTpemeHBX 






HMaBa 


HMaiba 


y nTiajepcKoj 


30-3 


11-4 


58-3 


y KopymKoj 


15-2 


46-0 


38-8 


y KpaBCKOj 


4-0 


6-3 


87-7 


y HpHMopjy 


0-6 


9-9 


90-1 



Ma A;a cy obh no^aTi^H oro 10 roABBa cTaps, o;^ 
oflor Bpeiiesa HHje ce BBniTa nodpaBHJio sero je 6Bjia 
join cBe rope t. j. jom Be&a noi^enaHocx ceAa^RHX BMaH»a, 
^aj&e HaM Aaje ofia Ta6ej[a jom h o6jamKeBe o Bce.a&B- 
Bamy napo^^a h3 rope osBa^eBHX noRpaJHBa. ?hm bb&h 
je npoi^esaT pacTpemeHHX Huaaai tbm ja^e je BcejbB^ 
BaKe H HanymTaj&e iioj&onpHBpeAe. 



*) K. K. Ackerbau-Ministerium: Die agrar. Operationen ioj 
Oesterreich. 1908. 



— 23 — 

2. PacnaA^Aa noceAa* CjioBeHA^RH seiuopaj^HEVBH 
noce;i( nooaJBHine je hejih noce^, bojh OKpyxaBa eeJEBa 
HMa&a noeaj^Hine myMCRa. Orojihoct ^a HeMa BejTHRHx 
HMa^a niTeTfia je no eROHOMCRH HanpeAaR A&HaniKer 
nazbonpHBpeAHor cxaaa, jep spe^e OBaRB BeJHRH noce;(H 
TBeR Rao Hajy30pHHJH oj( rojhx^ cy ce MaocH . nocexHHi^H 
yBeR MHoroMe HayHHJm. Osa oe cJiatfa cTpana Mose Hcopa- 
BHTH aRo je cej&aR caM ^oeTa 6HCTap — a to jecTe 
aRo cy 3eM,ftopaAHHHRe ycTasoBe arHJHe h Ha cbo3i MeCTy. 

y noRpaJHHaMa y RojHMa CTanyjy CjioseHi^H HVa 
niTajepcRa 20.500 km* npoAyRTHBHor h 1500 km* tfe- 
npoAyRTHBMor TJia; ve%yi!jiu je oBaj pasMep y KopymKOj 
9500 km^ : 900 km^ y KpamcRoj 9500 km* : 450 km«, 
a y cjioB6HaHROM npHMopjy CTojH 7400 km* njio^^e Beiube 
npeMa 500 km* nenjiOAHe. CsyAa o^aa^^a nenJio^KHo tjo 
Ha peRe. nyTese, jesepa, rope, a y IIpHMopcRoj join h 
Ha ^RpaG** (Kpni) r^e je cacBBM nycT. JI,ejirHifH^Ho DJio^aH 
Rpac yseT je no cTarscTHi^H Me^y namaaRe hjth myMe) 
RaRo Be^ FAe. 

Fo^HBe 1910. viVRM je IIlTajepcRa 199.400 noce^- 
HHRa;^) Me]^yTHM KopyniRa 47.000 npena 34.767 sa 
BpeMe cejbaqRo^" ocjoCo^etta ; KpaacRa 132.000 na TJiy 
OA 4000 km^, HcTpa 135-000 noce^HHRa. Ho tomc npo- 
ceHHo npHoajia je^aoMe nocoAHHRy y DlTajepcROj 10 ha, 
npoAyRTHBHor Tjia, aor y KopyniRoj 20 ha, y KpaacRoj 
7 ha, a y HcTpn jeABa 3 ha. Aro ce ysMe y o63Hp Aa je 
npoceHHH RBajiHTOT HCTapcRe BeM.abe ropn oa Rpas»CHe 
HLJLK ?aR mrajepcRO h^ih RopyniRO, oHAa ce OBaj y 6poj- 
Ra&ia HspasoHH cpasMep jom BHme pasHaRHe. YnopeAHO 
ca Be.iH?HQ0M cej&a^Kor HMama Rpeiie ce h HMy&nocT 



*) PeBHja „Veda* 1914., CBecKa 4. 



— a* -* 

ceAaKs, KOJH je y KopymKoj HHfkBBJH eero j ocrajui . 
noKpajHBsva. Join nejuiBHo 6Hja je « y Kpaftutoj bcjh- 
UBa npoce^Hor Kva&a cacBuit jipyra. FoxEBe 1890. 
npoce^Bu Huaae y FopeKCROj b AojckckoJ bsbocbjo Je 
jom 18-20 ha, hcI^jthh je oDCesaJO obo Horpaocie 
28 ba Of. KOJBX je 6bjo jejaa Vh yooTpeCARBBx at 
8eHAopaABy< a OA thj odgt caMo jejiBa 3 ha ftSBa. ') 

• yapoK ToHe je Kpac eojh Do<9HBe Beb koa UocTojBe y 
HorpancKoj (t. j. jyxHoj KpascRoj). Oay Bt^JBicy npo- 
iMBy y DoceABOH cTsiby KpaibCKe Tpefia opHngcaTH le- 
jBHB^Bo Dpoij|>^cHjoDajiHoj BiiieKyjaTBBBoj DapBejaitBJB 
iproaaiia ca seiiAHiirrHHa soja cy ysexa nocJie 18!>5. r- 
BMBRor Haxa h ipajajia spos qHTaanx 7 roAuBa, h Toae 
niTo cy ce HiiaB.a cejfcasEa npo^aBa^a no DapiieJaiia, Bao 
B arpapBHH oflepanujaiia, Koje cy sejiBBE sajeABB^Ba 
(onmrHHCBa) HMasia nojieiBja hs kojbx cy oocrajaua HBora ' 

' HaBa HHaKft- 

Ako ce o;t6HJ7 os. npo^yKraBBor tjis jom b BeJHia 
nocejiH, KojHx Hira y ropBiKo-rpajuiniTaHCKOj oko 90 
(OA TBX 15 no npexo 1000 haVy KpaKCKOj 334 (37 no 
npcEO 1000 ha) h y Kopymxoj npMto 700 Be^raxax bo- 
cexa*) npoceqna Bejaqnaa BHaKa cvaj^Bja 6b ce jom 
BBiHe. Oa KpancRBX BejiHUix. noceAa 45 bx je ^rcto 

DOJbOnpBBpeABHX, AOE Cy OCiaJB BJtH IBCTU myMCKH HJIl 

nemoBBTH. Oj( myHCRBx noceja^) ca no npeao 500 ha 
npHDaAa^o je na cjOBeHaiKOj BBpoxBoj TepHTopajB ro- 



') Jabrbuch des oesterr. Acherbau-Miuisterhims 1910: Band 
II. Forst- und Jagdstatistik. 

') Oesterreicbiscb-ungarische Honarchie in Wort und Bild. 
1891: Kaemten und Erain. 

") H. U. Kocih; OiOBBHiiaKa. Uim 1915. 



- 25 - 

;mHe 1910. 24 noceAa ca 72.478 ha MpTBOJ pyi];H (^psaBH, 
mpKBaua, MaHacTHpBMa h t. aOi 9 noce^a ca 12.316 ha 
(Jhjio je sajeAHKHKHX hjih sa^pysHBx, 21 noceA ca 65.624 ha 
6bo je . ({^HAeHROMBcapHQ BesaHBx, kojh cy cbh oa pe^a 
CTapH," jep Ha cJOBeBa^Koj repBTopajH Siirje oCpasoBaH 
HBjeAaH HOB 4>HAeHK0HBC, H KOHa^HO, 6hjiio je jom H 57 
npHBaTHBx myHCBHX bbjihebx noceAa (opejco 500 ha) ca 
yByoHBX 92.504 ha. Gbhx ohMx b^jihrbx myHCKHX itoceAa 
6hjio je 219 ca 242.623 ha, dito hshocb V4 ^HTaae cjo- 
BenaHRe myMe. Do nospajBHava o^naAa Ha cjioBesanKH 
Aeo nixajepcKe 37 noceAa ca 39.675 ha myiie (t. j. ^/^\ 
Ha cJOBeHaHKH Aeo KopjmKe 29 ca 68,567 ha (t. j. VaX 
Ha cjOBeHa^KH Aeo HpHMopcKe 13 ca 22.480 ha (t. j. ^j^)^ 
a Ha Kpa&CRy ocTaTaR oa 40 sejienoceAa ca 111.991 ha, 
HiTO H3H0CH Vi ii^ejORyoHe myue ose noRpajHHe. 

Hacje]^e HMa&a BpmH ce y ceBepHHic cJOBeHa^RBic 
noRpajdHana Ba xaj na^HH, Aa npejasH HHaae y i^ejniHii 
Ha jeAHor nacjieAHBRa, rojh je' ofiaBesaH Aa CBe ocTajie 
HacjieAHHRe na ochobh cyACRor 0Ape]^eBa ca jeAHaEHM 
AejiOBHMa HCDjuaTH. Obbj cjiy^aj nacTyiia, aRO noceAHBS 
BHaBa yMpe 6e3 TecTaMeHTa, hito ce noHajBHHie AemaBa. 
fiacjire]^e no obom H&^BHy ne A08B0.£aBa Aa ce HMaiba 
Aeae h i^enajy, Rao hito ce to paAB y IIpHMopcROj, rAe 
BacjeAHHi^H Hocjie cMpra noceAHBRa CBaxy nojeABBy nap- 
UfiJiy y Bica&y noAejie jom y tojibro A^^OBa kojithro BHa 
HacjeAHBRa. THMe ce pasCnjajy HMaH»a, peHTafinjiHTeT ce 
CHH»aBa H y oHtnTe noKasyje MHoro p|aBBX nocJieAHiia. 
y niTajepCRoj nacTyoa 36or ,npeBAHTKap-a'' icaja BapH- 
jai^Hja y BacJieAcxBy. KaA 6h Hiiao noceAHHB se^ oApacjiy 
Aei^y, na 6h My jeAaH oa chhobb nspasBo «ej&y Aa 6h ce 
xreo o»eHHTH h npeysetH o^eno HMasbe, oHAa ce nanpaBH 
H3Me]^y on;a h cHHa nncMeH yroBop, rojh Tpe6a Aa 6yAe 



ynKeuH j rpfHTOBBy sawj. Ha ochobh obof ysaca h cyx- 
CKe ojtjyse crh nocTase oocexHSKOH HiiaH>a * to pexosHo 
no^ OBBH ycaoBHiia : xa TpeCa kbo saejeABHR aa Bcnjaky je 
CBojHH poAHTeABiia iiojijejiBaBo cBsie rOABBe f.o KBzoBe 
, CMpTH OApeieny cyiiy noBiia h jom APyrBX CTaapa "y aa- 
TypH (npeysHTaK), ochh Tora TpeSa hobb ooceABBK jm 
HCnjaTB nocje. ojtpc^sor poia cboJoj CpaltH b cecTpaxa 
Bese cyafr aa bhc Jieza KBxoBor Bacje^. Obej' EavHH 
Hac:ie^ HMa CBojy p^By cTpaay y tojbko mro Je hjiojib 
rasAa HaBysao ce6u sejBKHx pcaobbbs BSAaraEa sa cBoje 
poAHTejbe, KOJB o6BqEo oAy b3 Bjbe, nue mro Tpe6a Aa 
Bja'H KSMaty CBOjoj ^pahfl b c^crpaiia, a ocbh Tora hmii 
roTOBO CBaKe roAHae sekHx aSAaTasa 36or cbb to se&er 
6poja Ae^e: To, sao a uaoro oyT^ HeAOBOABo bckjctbo 
■JiaAor napa sa yapaey HMama, ocerao yuaBasa penra- 
CE^aocT ce^aqBor Biiaaa. Ca Apyre CTpaae onei BHa 
OBaj Ha^aa h CBOjy AoOpy cipaay, jep cy itja^a Ayjpi 
o6h^o apBcTyaa^HBJH bAshm aAejaifa a BeHjbopaABHqBBN 
RCKycTBHva, BiTO ce Bapo^BTO 6aiB y niTajepcKo} bbar, 
a 3a cxapHje ^yAo je obo seKasBa HHpoBHaa hjth cxa- 
pocTBo otSeaSeSeBe. DporBBaH je tbh niTajepcKOMe Kpaa^wi 
ceAaa, kujk yapaay CBor auaoa ae ayoiTa ope m pysy 
AOG Hyje CHpT He oAysue. Boab BBme as ny una caa 
BaaCpa^ay A^ny Baa sybe [yseK ca jcaboh a hctou a6- 
BOjKOH, Kojy ysHe Qocjie cHpra oita sa seay) hjb a^^ vy 
AOBexe CHB seay y Byby, nero Aa 6n uy cbb urn caaia 
peaajiH ^xe6. y toh norjeAy je noaocHT, lapAor^aB h 
BenpiicTyaa<iBo KOHaepEaTHEaH. Ehbb Aa ape o^ese cHpTH 
Bei BHine cHHOsa HMajy Keae h no BHme Aei;e y Kyia- 
HHTepecaHTHa je nojaBa eoa CJiOBeBaqKBs ce^aBB, 
Aa cy Hyac h aceaa aeaoAe^eao CBaRH ao aoioBHiie aoceA- 
BBi^H cBor BHaoa, T. j. OHH HHajy CBaRH npaso ao boao- 



— 27 — 

BHi^e HMaKa, ho oho ce h6 Hose ;i^ejiHfH y j^Be HOJiOBBi^e^ 
Hero caHo peHia. IIo Toue cy uys h sena noTnjHO paB- 
HoapaBHH yiipaBHHaH. Aso jexaa o^ mm yiipe, oHAa 
HMajy caHO nfinjA Koja cy ce pb;^Hia h3 obof 6paKa npaso 
Hacjie]^a y jej^nasHir, cy^csoH npecy^oM 0Ape]^eHHM^ Ae- 
joBHHa. Hoce^HHs Apyre nojoBBi^e nopa HcniaTHTH n;eio 
Hacjre^e y HOfiny cpecBOH cyAy, kojh yopaB^a BacjielBua 
HeaynojieTHHBa, ho Hua&e ocTaje nenoxeAeHO h caxa y 
pyBana jeAHor HacaeAHHBa. Ako sa^ BpeMe cupTH Mys& 
HJH scene HBje 6hjio ^ei^e, oH^a Mory nacjieAHTH )iys 
XBEj H o6paTHO — aso je OBaBa Ta^xa nocTOjaja y kh- 
xobOM HHCtfeHOM 6^Si^i^ou yroBopy, kojh Tpe6a jsifi, 6yAe 
ynenieH h y rpyHTOBHy KH»Hry — a aKo OBa xaqsa y hh- 
CMenoM 6pa?H0M yrosopy ne hoctojh, OH^a je ufsm hja 
a^Ha Cairo jbmh oa HacJieAHHKa HSMe^y ocTajiBx po]^Ba^ 

SajeAHHHKa Huas>a ce xoa OjoBenai^a jom neoMa 
peTRo Hajase h to cy caMO sajexHH^BH Bam&aKH h myiie^ 
KojHHa ce KopHOTB, OAHOCHO o6pa^yje hx. cauo 0Ape]^eH 
6poj Jbynji, jeAHi^ j^jhh BBnre onmTBHa, ca pasjtBqHBM^ 
HJiH HCTHM npaBHMa. OBasa ce BMaH>a ca^a ^ejie noMo^y 
arpapHBx . BOMHCH ja Kona^HO hjih bm ce Aaje Mo^epHa 
saApysHa ochobb, hito je ceaxaKO mhofo BopBCHHje. 

MeiEbBKe BjiacHHKa BMa^a BSBprnaxajio ce ochm^ 
nyxeM Hacje^a jom b y cjry^ajy Ao6poBOAHe hjih npBCBJBe 
(cy^CKe) npo^aje. YspoK Ao6poBOAHe npo^aje y HajBHHie 
je cjry?ajeBa xaj, A£t ce apoAaBaoi; na^a Aa be tbho 
MoiLH CBoj eBOHTjaJiaH p]^aB nojiosaj nonpaeHTB, Aamejifl 
BynHTH APyi'o 6oAe HMaH>e hjh je npo(})ecHJOHaJvaH „pa3* 
6Hja? HMaaa" (cneByiaHT y aapii;ejrai^HjB). Koa HacHJine 



^) Oeaj HaqflH ee HajasB ce hb koa jeAHor eapoAa y AycTpBja 
TaKo onniTe Kao koa OjiOBOBai^a. 



Ke) npo^aje fseK cy yspoi cyBHme bcjiheb xyrou, 
cy oGHquo npeyaerR oi npejant, ijb cy hbctsjh 
HcnjahHBaaa Hacje^a, a xesHH iiHpas HHje xorao 
tz noBpBJe cacBBH, hih cy Hacra^K sfior eecpeka, 
ETH H rjafiHi ro,tHHa FjaBHH nsK je yspoK y cia6oH 
afiHJHTeTy HHasa, Kojii iiHoro nyra i BajiSoAeH 
opa^HBKy oAyaHva uory^BOCT ycnexa. Koji cy yapoiiH 
HiafiHJiHOCTif ce-sa^EBX BHa&a , seb je pe^aBO- 

BBHa Ca aeVAOpaXHH^KHH BHIKHXa — TEKO 61 je 
R HasBBTM, jep cy BHaHiB y roABBaxa 1907.— 1911. 
ua BpoCTO TproBHHCXHH DpeAKCTOH — i^BeTSja je y 
BpeHe B noiarja ueny seyjbi HajiiBibe sa Vs- ^'^0 
ta TproBBBa oinaja yapoK je Taj, mTO cy ce 1907., 
je 'sanowaa y AnepHiui paxBH^Ka spHsa, Bo^ejB 
aTB oxaHX6 HBora cjoBeaaqiB scpAeBanH c BOsaeH, 
BO B c (Soiemky — oa eojhx je cbbko sejeo Jia 
BHaKe r^e 69 xorao itBpBo A&jte saseTB. Ko je 
ao HMaAe oaer je ipaxao Apyro* Oay cjoOoxay 
BBBy yryniHm cy apBCBiae (cyAve) npoAaje, Koje cy 
cjaCiax roABBa b eBOBOHCKe apase y AycTpHja oa 
Be 1910. pacjie yBCK ABoCTpyao np4>iia nponiAoj ro- 
. Ha Taj BaiBB je aacxajra Befca BoayAa sero Tpaaoba 
Ha HHama je naAa MecTHHHii,e HcnoA HopMa^Be. 

3. Bpcre poAosa. CjOBeaaiKa aeiiAa nornyBO je 
sa seujba, ^Hje rope a 6pAa ce oa aanaia Ba acTOKy 
jane CHHsaeajy, aoe Be BmqesHy caCBHX y pasBBita 
iCKor a MypCKor no.£a aao a y xpaaTCKOj pasflai^. 
:eBepa aa jyry a jyroaCTOEy 8rAeBa.i<i cioBeHa^iBX 

rySs ce aoe ce ae npoHeaa reBepHO ox Tpcra y 
a KaHBBB Kpac (Kpm), Jysaa Kopymsa, FopeKCKa, 
JHB Aeo OpBHopcEe a saDBABB ropcEB npeAeo cio- 



~ 29 - 

BeeaqBe IIlTajepcRe apHnaAajy jom HCToqHOM KpajHok 
jsfiJij Ajina. IIojbODpHBpeAa HaJiasH ce y obhm KpajeBHua 
y AyfioBHM AOJiHHana obhx 6pjifi,. PeTKo Ba^a ce nemj 
AHBe BHme' y 6pAa, a saxo hx saMe^yjy nam^ai^H, Ha 
RoJHua ce Bek no^ejto pasBHjaTH ^ajKaHmapcTBo* (iiJie* 
HapcTBo no fiaqnjaua). Hcto?hh abo UlTajepcKe h J^o- 
jeacRe saysHuajy HHCRa 6pAa, Boja ce cnymTajy Dpeso 
6pe»yAaKa y paBHHi](y h saxo je y thm BpajeBHMa eaj- 
jaqe sacTynj^ena noAonpHBpeAa h BHHorpaAapcTBO. Ho- 
Tpa&cKa^ ce 6po]H Me!^y BpamKe Bpajese xaso hcto h 
CJOBeHaqBH jifio HcTpe, Bao h npe^^eo H3ue]^y Tpcia h 
FopHc^e. Ob js,Q ycaesajy o^^nqHO BHHorpaAH h BoLe aob 
je seMAopajiaa j^ecra cjia6a 36or Hej^ocTajasba xyMyca. 
niyMe y ajiacBOM npejs,&jj nonejie cy ce bhcobo y rope h 
cayniTajy cey ceBepHHM h sanaAHBMX.j. HecyHqaHHM no- 
-jio»a]HMa oneT cacBHM y xylose AOJinne. Hcto je c BnniHM 
6pAHHa: H KHxoBe oa cynna oBpenyTe h CTpMe cxpane 
Hoce myMe, j(ok ce can Bpx njianHne ynoTped^aBa sa 
naniBaKe. Hero ce noEasyje h na Cpesy^aHMa, caifo niTo 
ce BOA B&Hx nojae^yjy pe^e nammai^n, a ^em%B jraBa^e 
H BiTHorpaAH. 

J[ojiBHa Apase qHTasa sua nubynBOBHTy noA^ory, 
Bojy noBpuea cjoj nemqane HjiOBaqe. Ha neBojHM vectHMa 
y KopyniBOj OBa m^ynBOBHTa noA^ora npo6HJa njOAHy 
seifjby H mAynaB CTyna na noBpioHHy. 3a njOAHOCT ose 
AojHHe nearoAHa je 6ftni oBa rpouasna noAJsiora jep xe-^ 
CTSMHi^e BOAa caMO necxaje Bpos m^bynaB h npoysposyje 
cymy. Ha Apyrnif necTHiia cTBapa oneT sa BOAy nenpo- 
nycTHa HjroBaqa ifoqBape, sa qaje HcymHBaBe je 6ani nubyn- 



KpaKCsa ce oacToJH h8 JlojieAcn (HCToqno ox Jby6.&aEe)^ 
ropeibcse (eeBeposanaABo) h HoTpaftcse (jysHO ox Jbj^Aase). 



— 30 - 

iHHexa BeiBie ojaxniBiie. CJBHHe 
a H My pcEa xo^HHa, c tou pa3:iHK0K 
m^yHBOH 8 Apyra necBOH. 

6pM je KpeiBH lanes, pe|e epyn- 
jJHiia aaipsasajr myiie t»bkb cjo- 
ienaAa je 6ho b Kpac TaKaB, a tu, 
>BiiH noceuH myue, a HHcy ra hb 
a je OBSj TaBKH cjoj seiiAe copaja 

AOJiKHe H mnMAe. Tbeo cy sacTaJe 
'CTHKe B ii2o;iBa nojta a jtoJSHe. 

Rpaca saTo Heiiajy jpyror uhjm 

BOAyi sa nocToje&a xyHyc h onaj 
iHTK BHine He oxboch, ''re 6a ce aa 
Bjo HeaaAaniKe craoe. Oihobb 6pe- 

cjoBeHaqae IIlTajepcKe pe^e je ojt 
i-jer H KpynBHjer necsa a npsHse. 
HBa vafte hjh sBme A^Oeo uoj 
BBme Exii uame spyrBx opHiieca. 
TBU ce HecTHua npofinjajy orpOMBB 
JHCBHKB. 3eiiJE.a OBHS OpezyjuEB 
a o6pa!tiBBaHie h saTo aajasBKo na 
H Haj6oAe CTOqapCTBD. 

noBpniBBe OTnaxa sa nirajepcKy 
iBBAa H DamBEKa, 1*40/0 BHBorpsAa, 

je 6aao aenpoAysTHBHor TJia ; na 
27'57o '"B^aAa ^ naniBana, 46'57d 

BHor Tja je 6hjo 97o i KpaBcia 
, 32 Vo JraBaAa b nanmaEa, l'5Vo 
la, a ocTaiaK on 4"5*/o aao Henpb- 

1 KyATypaa sevjba Ha HpHHopjy na 
BaA^ H namftaEa, 7'57o BBHorpsA&t 
5''/e BenpOAyBTHBHor T^a. BejHKe 



— 31 — 

npoiieHTe HeapoAyBTHBHor xjia Mo»e ce onpaB^aTH bh- 
coBHM ropana Jjjihjckhx Ajrna, RapaBaHKa h CoJi^aHCSHX 
HJH EaMBHinBBx nJiaHHHa. ochm Tora HMa a je3epa y 
GjioBeHaqBoj sapo^HTo y KopymKoj h KpaBCROj Eao h 
£pac y Kpa&CROj h IIpHHopcKoj. 

CjioBeeaqRa sevjbh ce HCRopHm^aBa cacBHM h HBr^e 

He CTOJH seM^a 6e3 sasHa pasjora npassa; I],ejioKynHa 

g^aaac o;i; CjOBeHai^a nace^eHa seirjba o6yxBaTa oko 

1 25.000 km^ ojs, KojBx oTna^a Ha KpaH.cKy 10.000 km*, 

I Ha KopyniKy 3000 km\ Ba niTajepcKy 8000 km^ a Ha 

npHMopcKy 4000 km«. 

CjiOBeni^H cy BeJiHBOu BebiHOM senAopaAHBiiH. Ma 
^a cy TO, OHH HHKaKO HHcy y CTaay — 36or Bei na- 
BHa^eHiix pasJiora — jifiL 6h apoHSBOAHJH ohojihko SHia 
BOJiHRO 6h hh Tpedajo sa h»hx caMe, Hero cy npHMopaHH 
Aa ysoae shto hs APyrHX RpajeBat sapo^HTo hs XpsaxcRe, 
BaeaTa, Ba^ES h Pyenje. GJOBena^RH seMAopaAHHB je 
Ao6po npoHHCJiHO, KaA je Aomao ao SBJUjbym&a,, ^a ce y 
OBaRHH npHJiHRaMa, y BOjaiia ce BajasH* He nose nojBo- 
HpHBpeAOM MHoro sapaABTH, jep BMa cyBHme sejiHKHX 
TpoHiROBa, Hero Aa je mhofo 6ojbe jifi, c BBme BHTensHB- 
HocTH npHXBaTM cT0?apcTB0 H HiyMapcTBO. Ilpe paxa no 
cseMy je BeiL HsrjeAaJio Aa ce H3Bpnryje BasHa DpoMena 
y cjoBena^ROj no^sonpHspeAH. 

OAMeea doacrbx nJiOAOBa o6biho je cjio6oAHa, a 
xpe&e ce yBeR y ORanpy nonpaBj^enor CBCTeiia ^fpH^o^a*. 
Typnyc oCpa^HBama xpaje no qoTHpH roAHne, a/ oGb^ho 
ce npoHiHpyje .na mecT h Bsme roAHna. 7 obom o6pTy 
HO^iH&e RyjiTypa caceBaBHHaMa =» RpoMnnpoM, cto?- 
HOM penoM H T. A*, ca nacy^eM h THRnaMa, 3aTBM ce ceje 
ji^eTejHHa, Roja ocTaje oa ABe ao neT roAHna, sa moM 
€6 ceje 3HMCR0 SETO, ROMe cjeAH Rao ApyrH ejbji,8L, pena 



-32- 

« 

MM 9eJieEE KyRypys sa cTo^ey xpaey. Jom Hcxe r^XHHe 
ceje ce no Mory&HOCTH 'jom h rpe&H nyT rpaxopHi^a no- 
Memana ca 3o(SjBy hjih xeTejiHsa soja xaje oxnax y npo- 
iBkQ pany sejieHy CTo^Hy xpaey a sa thm xojiadH jer&e 
SHTO — , pas HJH 3o6 — ROMy cJieAH oneT sbmcko aurro 
H ca ApyrHu roAHmKHM njioAOX. Thus ce je^aH Typnyc 
saBpmaBa. HapasHo je jia osaj pe;^ HHje HeopoueKHB» 
Hero ra noKymasa CBasH cejbaB npHiaroxBTH no Moryb- 
HOCTH CBOJHM noTpe6aifa t. j. cTaay JByAH y By&H, Roiba, 
roBe;i;a, CBBaa y niTajaifa, hjih ano npoHBBOAH sa npo- 
Xajy no B0H6HHai^H}aMa i^ena soje mbcjih nocn^H y 6y- 
Ay&oj roAHHH. 

no njioAOBHMa OTnaAaJO je roAHHe I9l0. ^) oa cio* 
Beea^HX KHBa na: nmeHHi];y 62.851 ha, jeqaM 19.965 ha, 
3o6 '32.287 ha; KyKypys 49.213 ha, ej&Ay (1. h 2. njo^) 
59.523 ha, npoco 7.533 ha, MaxyHHii^e 13.801 ha, jaH h 
KOHonjbe 1391 ha, BpoMnHp 49.648 ha, CToqny peny (1. 
H 2. uaojO 45.814 ha, se^e (Kynyc) (1. h 2* hjioa) 6293 ha, 
THKBe 1785 ha, seieny CTo^Hy xpany (aeTejatHHa, rpaxo- 
BHEca) 65.062 ha, ^eTeJEHo cene 2722 ha h na jmejh 
2821 ha. 

Hoiba ce opy 6eB pasjiHKe caifo rBosAeoHu njiyrb- 
BHMa ca HO HajBHme bojobckom, pe]^e ro&ckom sanperoM. 
36or 6pA0BHTHX noJiosaja najiHx naps^ejia, KHBe ce npe 
paTa HMFAe HHcy o6pa^HBaje MOTopnoM CHaroM . Gauo opafte 
HSBmaBaHo je Boona 6pHaubHB0 ca 12 ao npeno 20 i^en- 
THMeT^a Ay6oBHM 6pa3AaMa. Eaao je 6HJia 6ani noTpe($a» 
AHBO cy ce HOAeJiHJie 36or BO^e hjih RHma y BHme hjri 



^) JleTHHR oBe roAHHe 6HJia je Beona cjiatfa t. j. Hcnajia je 
ox 9-22 7o cjift<^Hja aero roA. 1909., soja ce tfjinEajia lO-roAam- 
BAM npoceiy. 



- 33 - 

Maae, BHme hjh name HsfioneHHX „oroHa" ujiu 
.p as r H a^. Kpaj mzse, aso rpaaHqH ca Ty]^oM cbojhhom, 
nocToje jam h ,,H3roHii'' na BOJHMa ce cTORa h njyroBH 
Bpa&ajy a Aoii;HHJe npeopy HopMajmo na npBOTHe 6pa3Ae. 
Ffloje&e HJiH ]^y6peBe aHBa 6pHSAHB0 je h nasjbHBO. 
Tho] HJIH mxaJiCBo ^y6pe npHEyniba ce na Hapo^HTo sa to 
Bsrpa^eHHM „rHojHniTHMa'', Ao6pd ce nadH jsfii He njrecHH 
(jep OBasaB rnoj HHOiTa He sajba, nomTo caB aiicRHJaB 
oj^e y BasAyx), CBasor Aana ce npcBa ca fhojhhi^om Boja 
ce i^e^H y jave nojs, rnojeM h Aan npe opasba hsbosk na 
AHBe h pacTypa. Aso ce^any npeocTaje rnoja, oh ra h8- 
B03H Ha oApe^eno necTo, pe|a cjiojese rnoja h seiue 
je;i;Ho na Apyro h nanpaBH TaHO 3BaHH icemaHai^ (kom- 
hoct), BOJH My cjysH AoniHHje 3a rnoje&e BBHorpa^a h 
ca]^Ke jro3a h bo&hhx Apse&a. Ochu nrrajiCBor ]^y6peTa 
ynoTpe6AaBa ce BeiL 3HaTH0 h BeniTaHBo ^y6pe. 3a je- 
ceHCBO HJIH suifCKo ^y6peKe 3a npojiexHe ycese ynorpe- 
6ibaBa ce „TOMacoBa aBJiHAApa** ^) (^posra) h sajHHT 
HJIH sajHjeBa co. 7 npojietie ynoTpe6jbaBa ce cynep- 
^oc(i)aT H sajHHT HJtH BaJiHjeBa co. MhoDD nyia ao 
^asajy ce joni h ?HJicBa caiHTpa h pasjn^He anoHnjaBOBe 
cojEH. 3a noHpafiaK hjioj^hocth ynoTpe6ibaBa ce ^aj^e jom 
H ryaHo, KpBHH npenapaTH, oTnanjH pasjiH^HHX oprancKHx 
HH^ycTpHja, Bpe^ h KomraHo 6paniHo, sa Koje nocjiOABe 
cjioseHa^KH cejbaE ne MapH BHme, jep cuatpa xa je y 
soMAH HepacTonjbHBo H 3aT0 He Aaje pacjrnHaMa H0Tpe6- 
HHX cyncTaHUjHja. Ilpe paTa nek cy ce ynoTpefij^aBaje 
KecTHiiHHHo 3etf;aBopaAHHHEe iiamnHe sa oEonasajbe (eks- 
tirpator), sa napaBe (kultivator) h t. ;«;., a to je 6hj[o 
pe!^e, Hero ce o6pa!^HBajio jom cbo pyHHHM opyJeM. 



^) Upee npax, kojh ce Ao^aja npBJiiBOH Tana&a ^ejesBix py^a* 



- 34- 

Yz^ofn 3a TO tfOJKe ce oueT tpcurhth y noi^enaHocTH Hva- 
fta y Majie napaejie h y yAajBeHocTH u mhofo nyxa TemRoj 
npacTyaHOCTR ao khx. 

^eTBa cjoseHa^se TepHTopaje je Hcre ro^HHe (1910) 
H Ha ocHOBH HCTe cTaTHCTHRe ^) Hcuaja oBaso : DmenBiie 
806.371 hi, pasH 730.298 hi, jeqMa 311.635 hi, 3o6h 
873.224 hi, Kysypyaa 901.630 hi, e^^e 344.262 q, npoca 
70.149 q, nacy.sa, rpaniEa h 6o6a 102696 q, JiaHa h ro- 
BQii.se: ceHena 6362 q h npeAiiBa5916 q, cJiaMe 7,2 16.81 8 q, 
KpouQHpa 2,999.797 q, CToqHe pene 4,104.072 q^ Kynyca 
636.625 q, THKaBa 93.317 q, sejieHe cxoHue xpane (ac- 
TeMHe, rpaxopHuej 2,550.668 q, ^eTejiBHor ceMeaa 7671 q 
H xMejba 24.055 q. Oa oBe HHTaBe JieTBHe hsboshjio ce 
caHO HeniTo nacyjba u rpauiBa npeKo TpcTa sa ^^paHKy- 
CKy, AOK ce xuejb h3bo3ho hs CaBB&CKe AOJiBHe y 
niTajepcKoj Ha xnejbCKa xpacHmTa y HiaTea (Saaz) y 
^eniKoj H y Numberg y BaBapcKOJ. CjOBeHa^KH xuejb 
Ao6ho je Ha obbm TpsHmTHna Ao6po HMe Rao pannja 
BpcTa, jep je i^BeT BeliH h npe casopH Hero Ha cesepy. 
BeoMa peTKo ce na^e koa cejbaRa »eTejHi^e (RocaHHKe), 
jep ce seTBa jom yses BpoiH cpnoM h pyROM, aor cj 
BpmajHn;e BeoMa qecTe. B|)niaJHi];e cy cRopo cae sa py^HH 
o6pT AyxcROM cnaroM hjh 3a o6pT — nyTCM aapo^HTHx 
cnpaBa (Gopel) — cTO'iaoM cnaroM. Oae ce MamHHe Mory 
hbAh CKopo ROA cBaRor oejbBKSi RojH sua npeRO 10 ha 
seMjBe. OcHM OBBX ManiHHa Mory ce Ha&H jom ^ocTa ^ecro 
H ManiHHe sa qambeae acBTa (TpjdjepH) h sa Epyio&ese 
ByKypysa. 3a .aan h rohohaj ynoTpeCAaaajy ce CTape ^p- 
Bene cnpaae „TpjiHi];e^, Roje cy npBTBp]^eHe y bhchhh 



*) Jahrbuch des oesterreichischen Ackerbau-Ministeriums 
1910. I. Band: Erntestatistik. 






- 35- 

nojaca Ha Hapo^HTHM MOTsaMa h jume BejHKOM ApseBOK 
nepopesy 6e8 nepa. 

Oa cJBHJy opaHHs^a saysHMjby SHTa 61^/o AeJiOKynHe 
uoBpmHHe, uaxyHHi^e 4'57o> npexHsa l^/o, noAseifBH nio- 
AOBH H Kynyc 19Vo. pac-iHHe da CToqHy xpaBy 14®/oi 
noBp&e H Apyre naae Kyjiiype 0'5%. DpoHSBOABa BBTen- 
BBBHOCT Morjia 6h ce y cJiOBeHa?KHM RpajeBHMa dnaTHo 
nose&aTH, mTo lie naM hotbpabth h Aoae 6pojKe, ajH no- 
Tpefiae 6h 6uJie uapo^HTe uepe, Koje 6h 6Hj[e npeAueTOM 
'qHTase iioce6He pacnpase. 

no 10 roAHiBBeif jKeTseHOtf npoceKy (1900.-1909.) 
Aasao je je^aH xeirrap opaHHn;e y UlTajepcEoj 1 1 q nme- 
Hwne (hi = 74'5 kg), 9*4 q paaH (hi = 70-1 kg), 10*7 q 
jeHMa (hi == 60-2 kg), IM q 3o6h (hi = 43'8 kg), 16 q 
KyKj^yaa (MascHifyM cjOBeBa^EH Aeo KopyniKe ca 22*9 q 
H ca xeKTOJHTapcKOM TeaHBOM OA 70*6 kg), 81 q e^w, 
11 q npoea, ll'l q nacyjba h rpaniKa h 49 q xnejBa, y 
KpaBCKOj 90*4 q KpoMBBpa a y EopyniBoj Aafiao je je^aH 
xeKTap opaHHpe 194*7 q CTO^ne pene Kao npBH h 130*3 q 
Kao APyrn njiojs, h 105*7 q xynyca. Oa »HTa 6hjio je y 
KpamcKOj sa TproBHHy cnoco6Ho osna^eno 877o nme- 
HHite, 897o pasH, 90^0 je^Ma h 91% 3o6h. Il,eHa obhx 
»HTa 6HJia je oBe HCie roABHe(l910.): ^l^eBH^e 25*09 K 
3a 100 kg, paaH 18'72K, jewa 16 92 K h 3o6h 18 04K. 
BpeAHOCT npoAysiiHJe cjiOBeBa^EEx opaBBB.a HSBOCPJia je 
1910. roAHHe 104,507.000 K. 

Ksio niTo je Be& je^HOM peieso, c;[OBeBa?Ka no.&o- 
npiBpe^a He hpohsboah tojihro SHTa, bojihro 6h Tpe(^ajio 
sa npexpany craHOBHaniTBa ^) KOje CTanyje aa cjOBena?- 



') y^pojoHH cy H CTpaei^H t. j. Hem^H, HiajiBjaHH, aeniTO 
JeBpeja b ap* 



36 - 



Koj HRi^BOHajHoj TepHTopHJH H Koje BSHocu OBpyrjo 1 '/a 
■HJBOBa jyAH. npoAyBBHja KBxa aa xjefi BSBocBja je 
(1910.) yKyaHO 1,935.000 q. IloniTO ipeCa, no aycxpaj- 
cxOK ApauBHou opoceRj, 282 kg zuTa sa xAt6 3a jPAsor 
qoBesa Ba roxBHy, Tpe5ajo je sa cjoBeaa^Ky TepBTopajy 
4,230.000 q, bito jip.je vamtm oa 2,295.000 HerapcERx 
ufiBTW atmsi 3& ue6, Boje ce uopajo yBecxu. To saa^B 
aao 6h ce GjioBeBavBa xTCja Caiia npexpaaBsaTH xbtoh, 
l& 6b Tpe6aJio BaJHaKe yABOCTpyiHTH nputiSBOAny. 

BaxBy yjory nrpajy koj CjOBesaiia Ji-aeajiB, kojhx 
je 6ii:io (1910.) na aHxoBoj TepRiopHJB 371.357ha. Be- 
fcuHOH cy JHBaii,e apHpoaBe, caHo hejio Bua Bemxaixflz 
xaB&jOL. Jifi npe AofipBS 10 roAHBa cjOBeaavKH ce^aK je 
DocBebBBao siiftanaxa, Najiy aax^y, a Eajt je ynosHao 
BenrraqKo !by6pe&e a aeroBo a^Jctbo Ha .iBBaAH h ox 
Baj[ ce neaa ceay bbcoeo BOnejia, ob je ysHjeo aa opH- 
Baja s.eroBOj JiBBaAn jom Apyra BaxBocT a He caiio jji 
Hy xpaBH Kerosy cTOKy. Cax HAe cpask CDasy jecen aa 
JHBaAy Aa je npeCpana h ja yqaaii 3eM*y npHCTynaoM Ba- 
BAy^y, npexo saue je noraoJH BemTa^RUH ^y6ptT0H, 
aKo TO HBJe Befc ynuHHo ca mTajcKHu hjih nKOMnocTOH" 
y jeeeH, a y npojiehe je oqucTu rpa<5.ftaHa oa noBpmae 
HaxoBHHe H JiBmfca. HapuiHTO ce hhofo 6pBBy »a JHsaje 
CTpyqae opraaiiaamije, KOjBHa Tpe6a npflSBaTH arajsocT. 
Ceao ce nocjie npse EOCHAOe aaSBBa koa CioBeHana „ceBG" 
BJH „KpMa", oA Apyre „OTaBa', a Tpeke „oTaBea". IIpo- 
Ayai^Hja ceaa (1910) asaocHJia je 11,191.688 q, T. j no 
30 uerapcKBX iieaxH aa xeRxap, mio je npeACTa?.saio ao 
OBAaiflH>BU TpxBBU aeuaua cyny oa 78,321.816 K. Hs- 
secHo TO HBje uaoro h Tpe6a cDOHeayTH, Aa je 6HAa oao 
cxaCa ceaoKocBa roAHBa. Oa iexme BaxaocTB je sa. jh- 
BaAe pas- h BaBOAKaBSKe, Koje je koa CzoBeaaiia tck 



— 37 — 

i[0?ej[o soA 60JBBX ceibBBa, aok ce MaBH h KOHsepsaTHB- 
HBJH ce^auH jom 6o]e Tponiffa h cynAajy y ;to6pe ycnexe. 
<]!a BeniTaHRHM JTHBa^aMa cy ce Beb Aocra ;(o5po ynoHBaJH, 
TERO A& je Aanac cJHOBeBaqRH ceibaR se^ cnocodan ^a can 
H ca ycnexoM BpniH OBaj nocao. Hs HCRycTsa je yBH^eo 
j^a My BeiDTa^Ra jHBaAa mhofo BBme hoch Bero Ma 
Boje acBTO H.1H qaR npHpoABa JiHBaAa, jep My osa aosbo- 
j&aBa roAflm&e ^qLeTHpH R0CBT6e ca MHoro 6ojbHM npHHO- 
CHMa, nero je to cjry^aj roj npHpoABe, Roja AonymTa 
caMo ABB K0CHT6e. 36<)r CTpMor 6pj(CRbr repesa BeoMa 
uajro ce bhah ROcaiLHX MamHaa, neniTo qem&e cy MamUBe 
sa cymeKe h rpa6^eH»e cena. Ochm Tora MaJia HMa&a Be 
AonymTajy HB6aBRy obbx ManiBBa, Hero ce one Ba6aBAajy 
no e'iaitpyraMa, onmTHBaMa h seMibopaABNEHM ;ipyniTBHMa. 
KocHT6a ce no TOMe BpniH jom yseR pyROM h rocom, a 
-cymeKe APBeHHM rpa6jbaMa. Ca JHBai^e ce ceno' bo3h Ry^H, 
r;^e ce ^yBa y sace^HHM srpa^aMa hjih hba mTaJOM &a 
TaROSBBHOM »noAy'', KojH ce Haja3H yBeR y Henocpe^Hoj 
6jiii3hhh Eyiie. 

BuHotpadapcmeo je jaRO pasBHJeHO y IIlTttjepcROJ 
OKO MapH6opa, IlTyja h JbyxoMcpa (Xajoae, CjoBeHCRe 
^opH^e, TypcRH Bpx ^)'h t. a.), h y yrjy kojh TBopH Ha 
zpBaTCRoj rpaHHn;H CyTJia h CaBa, aok cy y Kpa&CROj 
^HaMeBHTH BHHorpaAapcRB nojiosaju Rpaj Kyne (ro^ 
MeTJiHRe ca TpniROM FopoM h Foaobom nety) h Rpaj 
BHnaBe y BHoaBCROj aojibbh CBe ao Fopni^e y HpHMop- 
CROj H ibesHHHM fipAHMH Rpaj Co?e. Ha rjacy cy h bhho- 
rpflAB oRo HpoceKa Rpaj Tpcia h obh y HcTpa. Foabhc 



*) Obao y 6JIH8HHH EaJiaBH ce seKaAaBa BejiHKa lypCKa ko- 
jioBBJa 0^ BHme cejia, Rojoj npHqajy jom AftRac nocToje&a lypCKa 
^ewBaqxa HMesa xao OaraAiH (Sag-eddin), MypaT, OcMaH^AjiHii h t.a< 



- 38 - 

1910. 5hjio je y CJOBeeaHKOj 42.132 ba BEHorpaAS, kojb 
cy AaJH 226.919 hi 6ezov h 239.705 hi i^paeHor BHHa. 
T, j. je^Ba HeTBpTH jsfio OA oHora 1909. Ope HesBX 70 
roAHHa 6hj[h cy cbh BHHorpaAH y GjoBeHaHRoj jom saca- 
]^eHH cTapoif eBpoDCROM JI030U. 7 OHO BpeMe nojasHJia ce 
TpcHa ym ((j^HJioscepa) Boja je nocTeneno yHHOiTHJia CBe 
BHHorpa2(e CTapor Haca^a. Osa Hecpeba je cjoBeeanor 
ce^a^a rp^Ho noro^HJra, jep je BBHorpaAapcTBO 6hjo OH^a 
HaJMRKej TpH nyTa Taso b^hko Eao Aaaac. ^a ce cejbaB 
oneT OAymesH 3a BBHorpaj^apcTBO, Tpe6ajio je pa3JiH«iHBX 
BeniTaHRHX cpej^cTasa, jep HBje HMao HHRaKo noBepeaa y 
Hosy avepHRaHCRy Jiosy, hhth je ynpaBo snao RaRO iL& 
nocTynaTH c BOMe. Ona je TpaiRHjia MHoro BHme pa^a h 
nas&e, a sa to cejbaB HBje HMao BpeneHa^ ochm Tora Ty 
je jom H KajieMAeae h npcRa&e, na My ce to cee hhjs 
CBH^ajio. AMepHKaBRa je nojiaRO Aonua ^o nojioxaja Ha 
Koice je AaHac, h MopaMO npHSHaTH jsfiL je Ao6pa h Aa ce 
Mose CMaTpaTH pesyjiTaTOM jaBHHx noyqHHx npeAaBaBa, 
noRymaja h cnnca sa ce.£aRa. CjoBena^Ra sBBa cy laHRa, 
Ao6por Ryca, npHJaTsa MHpHca h Jienor 6yReja. Csa ce 
BHHa npoHSBO^e oa oOnqHor ctojihof BHHa ao Baj(|)HHHJer 
jEHRepHor H niaMnaH>ii;a h BSBose ce y HenaqRe Rpajese 
AyCTpaje, a y nocJieAtte Ao6a h y ^eniRy, r^e ce npo- 
Aajy MHoro 6ojbe. Jifi 6h ce apHByRJio BHme bhhcrbx Ry* 
nan;a CBane ce ro^HHe o^psaBajy y KpmRoii bbhcrh Da-> 
sapH. Jl^a 6h cjroBeHa^Ro bhho ^omjio na 6ojbh rjiac, ocho- 
Bana cy ^sa yaopna noApyna, r^e ce bhho qjBa h neryje 
HO BaJMOAepHHJBM BHHorpaAapcRHM HCRycTBBMa. .DaTBopeibe 
BHHa CHaTpao 6h cjioBenaHRH ce.saR sa Hajse^H rpex, mTa 
je pasyMAHBO, jep BBHorpa^ap bojh Aa lecTO nyTa cy- 
BHffle Ay6oRO norjreAa y CBoj „$HpRe;i" (seMJbaHH Bpi^ 
ROJH ce ynoTpe6jBaBa caMO y sHHorpaAHMa). BflHorpaAH cj 



- 39 - 

pacaope]^eHB h o6pa^HBaHH Kao h y cBUMa ApyrHM pa- 
i^HOflaJiHo o6pa|B6aHHM spajeBHMa, caMo y jeAHOMe ce 
paBJiHKyjy h. np.. ojh 4)paHuycRHX. CjoBeHa^RH bhho- 
rpajap ne ynoTpe6^aBa 3a Jia»aH»9 Jose 4>paHi^ycRH hfcrh 
Ha^HH, Hero Bexe jios; na HeMa^RH bhcorh na :hh. OcraBjsa 
12 — 20 OHa Ayr „fflnapoH", 3 oRa ^yre „peBHHRe* h q^ 
je^ne oRe A>r „noA09aR''. OsaRBe Jose npHsesy ce Ka 
4 m ;i;yrHM MOTRaMa, a ^mnapoH^ ce ca noceneHHM Rpa- 
jBM saiaRHe y JiyRy y Beuiby hjih ce npHsese Ha MajH 
BOJiHiL neT npcTa naji; seMJbOM. CaMO 3a je;i;Hy jiosy ce 
npaBH HsyseTaR, t. j. sa „pajHCRH pHSJiBHr" kojh ce ce^e 
HO ^paHi^ycROM Ha^HHy. Ochm Tora no^ejio je Be& h na- 
JieMJbeiBbe na cyxo ca napo^HTHM MaJiHM cTpojeBBMa, oneT 
Ha 4)pa'Hn;ycRH Ba^HH. BHHorpa/(H cy (1910.) MHoro TpnejH 
ox nepoHOcnope h OH^HJa. BpeAHOcT n;ejioRyDHe qHcxe 
BHHCRe npoAyRi^Hje (6e3 npo;i;yRi;HJe paRHje, cHp&exa h 
ueTHJoTa), HSHOCHJia je obc ro^HHe 31,410.688 Rpyna. 

CjiOBena^RO eoRapctneo ce tck y nocjieAH»e xo6a no- 
qejo pa3BHJaTH h to najio Hsa JiHBaAa h na &BMa ca- 
MHMa, r^e My je h MecTo. HeRa^a cy JTHBa^e AanaJie caMO 
eena, a A^Hac Moxeno BeiL CBy^a na&H npocTpane h y 
BpcTaMa saca^eHe BOJb&aRe, noHaJRHme ja6yRa b KpymaRa, 
KojH He AStBajy cejBaRy caMo jienor npHxoAa y HOBi^y 
Hero H Ao6po nnlie (ja6y?HHR h RpyniKOBaa). Ba»Ho sa 
Hanpe^aR sobapcTBa jecx, ;^a ce cRopo y CBaROM se^eu 
cJioBeHa^KOM cejiy Mory HatH ;tpeBecHRiie (paca^HHi^B, 
p6pini&re) o^aKJie ce ysHMjBy MJia;^a RaJieM^ena APBe&a 
sa Haca;^e. Ochm no JiHBaj^aMa BO&Re ce ca^e CBy;i;a h 
Kpaj nyTesa. ^o;^HBa 1910. cjia6o je noHejra, jep cy Mpas, 
UpBH H rpait noHHHHJH AOCTa TriTexe. Co TOMe je h opo- 
HSBOAi^a, Roja je BSHocHjia 3052 q ctojihof rpos!^a, 
20.786 q Recxena, 863.308 q ja6yKa h HpymaKa, 107.205 q 



-40- 



Tpemai&a, nuHBa h 6p6cvaBa, 15.579 q opaxa, 4362 q 
CMOKaBa, 138 q 6aAeMa h 1408 q MacjiHHOBOt yjMt niTO cne 
npeACTaBjMi speAHOCT oa 22,393.960 K. IlpoB8BOAfi>a cjro- 
BeHaHBor Bo^apcrsa Biia o6h9ho obj ynoTpe6y: PaHO 
CTOJiHO rpo»^e ropH^RHx Bp^a h BHnaBCKe AOJHne Kao 
H HcTpe msube ce na cesep y aycTpHjcse rpaxoBe, Haj* 
BHme y Be? h Ilpar. TaKO hcto h KecTea, kojh ce no 
aycrpHjcBHM rpaAOBHMa h jyaiHoj HeMa^Koj npoAaje ne* 
"^eH uoA HMAHOM ^MapoHH^. Ma JH jieo OBOF KecTe&a TpODIH 
ce y ByliH, h to hjh cBese hju ojbymTeHo h nocymeHo. 
GjioBeHaqse ja6yKe h KpymEe nmajy Ao6ap rjiac y xpro- 
BHHH, Boja Hx Hy^H Eao CTOJIHO Bolbe, Kao Boiie 3a Dpo- 
HSBo^Ky nHika h Rao cyxo noA HMeeoM „BpxibH". Cae ce 
Tpi! apcTe H3B03e npt'KO HflcfipyBa, ropHi;e, Tpcia, 3a- 
rpe6a, Ilpara h Be^a, h o^aTje Aaj&e. Caese cjioaeBaqKO 
Bo^e cHa6AeBaj[o je, npexo BepjiBHa» neTporpaACxy hh- 
jauy. Upeso XaM6ypra cy cjioaeHaHRe OpecKBe h ja6yBe 
(napo^HTo ceBBHiBBa BomneBKa hs niTajepcBor nocae^a) 
AOJiaaujie na enrjiecRy nejaiiy Rao CDeuHajiHTeT RaKBor ce 
HHr^e He moibo HaliH. Pane h nosnaTe cy BHoaBCKe Tpe- 
mibe Boje cy y MHOro6pojHHM se^besHHHKBM BOJiHMa cBa6- 
Aeaajre 6e?By najai^y, a o^aBAS jom abljub APyre ceBep- 
HHJe rpaAoae. IIpeKO FopHii^e CHa6AeBajia ce TproBBBa ca 
OJryHAeHHM niTajepcBHM h Bpa&cRHif m^HBaiia, Roje cy 
noBHaTe hoa HMeHosi ^aMOJiH*'. Hs Tpemasa, m^HBa, 6pe^ 
CBaaa, ocraraRa BHHa (Ap6s|e, Kaji) h HCi(e|eHor rpos^ 
(Tpjanne) Kao u myMCBHx jaroAa ne^e ce BajpasjiHHHHJa 
paBKja, Boja, npeKo Ka4)aHe, AOJtaSH h y AOMsby noTpo- 
m&y, jep ce ifajo h3bo3h. Opaxa HKaMO Tpn Bpcre h to: 
nJianiKM opexH" aeJEBH sao jaje oa korohih, oGh'ihh opacH 
(BOHKaKH) H jeniHHi^H. UojiOBHi^a OBor njiOAa npejiasH y 
TproBHHy, AOR ce Apyra noJOBBi^a TponiH boa Fy&e sa 



— 41 — 

KOja^e. OHOSBe, 6axeiiH e uacjiBHOBo yjbe HSBose ce 
njTen TproBHse hs IIpHMopcBe Ba cesep. 

OcHM OBHX AO ca^a HaBeAeeHx syjrrypa, nocToje 
jom Maie ByjType xMejba, uaica, cyHii;oBpeTa, n;HKopHJe 
H Ayzana. OoBpTapcTBO je o^ BasHocTn eauo 3a Aoua&y 
iiOTpomH>y. Jaqe je paaanjeHo jeAHHO y jyasHoj IIpBMop- 
CKoj (oKO FopHiie H y HcTpB) OAaKjie ce boah ;(OCTa jaBa 
TproBHHa 3eje&eM npoKO Hapo^He rpaHBn;e Ba ceBep (Be?, 
Tpa^eii, Upar h t. ;^.) 

^HCTH npHHoc cjioBeHa«iKe seMAopaAi^e je A^Bac 
TeniRO oApewTH, jep ce ne Mose HaliH sa to noTpe6HBX 
noAaxaxa. CBaxaEO je Cj!ia6BJH bo idto 6h HBaqe Morao 
^HTH, mxo BaM AORasyje Beona p^aB nojiosaj cJioBeBa^xor 
ce.&aBa upe paxa. 3a npeoeA Mose naM sa AaBam&e 
BpeMe nocjiysHTH h yxyflas spaxoA* sojn ce Hspasyje y 
cjieAeiLBM 6pojBaMa. IIoAODpBBpeAa saysHHaja.je roAHHe 
1910. cBera 382.895 ha, oa kojhx je o^naAaJio 1250 ha 
Ha no6jiHse fleo3Ba?efle KyjType h Ba „npaxy^ (napjior). 
no6jHse osBaqeae xyjixype saysHnajre cy nospniHBy oa 
473.180 ha, Taxo Aa oADa^a 91.485 ha Ba qcTOBpeHeHe 
Me]^y-yceBe h Apyrn poA (xyxypys ca 6060M h 6yBAeB0M, 
e^^a, pena h jip.) Hs osora je yxyuas npHxox oa 274 
Kpyae no xeKxapy opasHi^e. *) Koa JTHsaAa yApy»yje ce 
npnxoA cena h Bojba, jep cy o6oje npoH3BOAH jeAse n Bcxe 
seiube. YKynaB up^xcA jeABor xesxapa jraBSAe hsboch 
269 K H aso H3r.ieAa Aa je oBaj npBxoA JHBaAa uaBH oa 
OBora OA opaBBi^a, hhct je npHxoA cnrypBO Beia j«p cy 

SpOflSBOABB XponiROBH JIBBaAa rOTOBO MBBH BerO OBU 



^ ^) y OBOH paqyny XHe.;!b HRJe ysei y o^sap (ea 2821 ha opa- 

Hme 24.055 q XMe.^a), jep cy jeceHcxe ueae oa 700 K sa 100 kg 
^yxor XHe.Aa najie aa 50 K, ay npowBe&e nopacjie oneT na 250 K ! 



." '*=f^4' 



- 42 — 

^paHHi^a. y BHHorpaAapcTsy je yBynan npaxoA Aocra sefcH 
H H3H0CH no xexTapy BHHorpaAa 745 spysa. CBaRaRO 
Tpe6a HanoMeHyTH, Aa cy saro h dpohsboahh TpomsoBH y 
BHHorpaJiapcTBy MHoro BeliH nero y sojoj Apyroj noAO- 
npHBpeAHoj rpaHHy jep ce y cjioBenaqBEM BHHorpaABMa 
ORonasa no TpH nyra ro^^MUiBe, 3—6 njTa npcsa njaBHH 
KaMenoH, cyMnopsHH i^bctom (opaxoM) h t. a. 

3eMAopaA£bH npHna^aJio je y i^eJHHH (opaBHiia, 
JHBaiia H BHHorpaAa) 799.384 ha, hhJh yxyDaH npaxoA 
je H3H0CH0 336.633.563 E hjh 296 K no xenrapy. 7 
o^H^Hoj HjiH qas Ao6poj roAHHH OBaj 6h npHxoA 6ho cb- 
rypHo BeiH. 

IIlyMapcmeo aaysHiia y CBe hbthph noxpajHEe r^e 
CjoBeHi^H CTaHyjy 2,181.909 ha hjh 46 7o i^eJiOKynnor 
oncera. Oa Tora na^a na cjiOBenaHBO nai^HOBajiHO noxpyqje 
99^6 085 ha, h to na cjEOBenaqKH ago niTajepcRe 266.282 ha 
(240/153 ha npHBaTHor h 26.129 ha Apyror noce^a), Ba 
cjiOBenaHKH ;i;eo KopyniKe 201.358 ha (158.039 npHBaxnor 
H 43.319 Apyror noce^a), na cJEOBBHaHKH ^eo UpHMopcKe 
86.478 ha ^6.291 ha npHBaTHor h 40.187 ha Apyror no- 
ceAa), a na KpaacKy 441.967 ha niyMa (oa kojhx je 
331.699 ha y npHBaTHHM h 110.268 ha y ApyrHM pyKaMa). 
no TOMB je o;i; cbbx cjioBeeaqEBx myva 776.182 ha npH- 
BaTHH noce;i; a ocTajrH ji^eo oji 219.903 ha ApsasBH, iip- 

KBCHH, OnniTHHCRH, .nORpaJHHCRH H ^pyPH. 

CjioBeHa^Re my Me uoji,iA«,y ce na ctpmhm 6pjicRHH 
noJioasajuMa, na naJio cynqaeHM RpajeBBMa h cjia6oM h 
RaHeHBTOM TJiy. r.ffaBHa myMCRa Ryjiiypa je OHa MemaHBx 
myMa ca ^pBeieM pasjiB^ne CTapocTH, Roje ce HBRaA ca- 
" I 

^) Jahrbuch d. oesterr. Ackerbau-Ministeriums 1910: Band II 
Jagd- und Forststatistik. 



-43 - 

CBHM He oxcei^a, Hero ce yiiOTpe6jMisa caMO oho APBefce Koje 
je Aopacjo cacBHM, a MJia^e ocTaje sa DpnpacT h bhcoko- 
mjMCKy KjJiTypy. IIpabHJiBO h myMapcKH ype^ena npexy- 
selia ce MHose, laso j^a HSHOce obo 50^/o i^ejoKyoHor 
myMCKor noce^a Hajjane je sacTynaHO arjaro Apsefce 
(cMpeBe, jejie, 6op h ^p.) Boje nocraje npena jyry pe%Q^ 
a Ha meroBO MecTO cTyna jHceaTo xpneie. IIo Apseby 
6hjio je (1910.) HrjaTiix myHa 412.234 ha (oa thx 2353 ha 
BHCoBoropcBor spHBor APBeba hchoa nojaca Be^HTor cnera), 
jH'^HaTHx 326.478 ha, a iiemaHHX myBa (nrjiaTor h jhc- 
HaTor jtpaeta) 259.726 ha. 

rjnaBBH 3acTynHH^H iirjaTor JUpBeba cy CMpeHa (&aM), 
Bojoj ce npHJupjSHJy jom jejia, 6ejin h i;phh 6op, pe]^e 
jom Meuecem Ha py6oBRMa my Ma h pa. MecTBua tab cy 
my Me peTse pacTe 6pHae (sJieB) bbo rpM, cbmo na 6oAH]r 
ce MecTBMa h cja6HM nam&ai^HMa pasBBja ao Majior ap~ 
BeTa. no BHcoKoropcBBM nojioflcajBMa jas^a ce bphbh 6op^ 
BoJH TBopH MHoro oyTa nenpoxoiiHO rpMB^eae. Oa Jbc- 
HaTor ApBe&a Hajqem&H cy 6yBBa h rpa6ap, bojh mune 3a- 
je^HO ca xpacTOM h i^epoM HajBe&n ;^eo jrHCHaTBX myMa. 
Kao npaTHOi^e obbx Apne^a Tpe6a cflOMenyTH jom h jaBop, 
jaceH, je^my, Tonojiy (jarBe^), Cpesy, JiHny, h paaJiH^ne 
spcTe Bp6a, oa kojbx BBje^no apbo hb caMO hb y csy- 
BHHaMa ue%Y co6om He TBopB myMa. Rao TaKan nojaB^yje 
ce caMO jom npaBB secTeB, kojb tboph Be!^ y cjoBenaqEo} 
niTajepcKoj sHaTHe myMe. Ys bjb y cjia6o BeroBasBM 
myMaMa nojaa^yjy ce pasjiH^He spcTe rpMB^esba Bao 
^ecsa, ApeH, pa3j[HqH0 Tps&e h 6arpeM, bojb ce ynoxpe- 
6AaBa 3a BBHorpa;^apcBo BOjbe b ({)a^Ke aa oacyA, sa nje- 
Teme KomapHE^a, Komeaa 3a Homesbe, pemexaBa 3a cy« 
me^e Bo]^a, 3a onpaaKy syiBBx h bojbcbhx cnpasa b t. a^ 
Jom fiBje Ayro mio cy cJioBena^Ke myMe ^aaajie caMa 



j^b 



1 



■ 44 ■ 



XPBO 3a rOpHBO I APBCHH jr^eH T. j. HSpaCAHBHje CJ 

ce cauo y oBOMe npaBi;y. 7 BOBHJe Bpeve OBaj bk^bh opo- 
HSBOAKe, slor cja6or npHxoAa, jaKo noDfniTa k npoxe- 
HHo ce y TOJiHEO mio ce cft;ia myve seb raje 36ur Apsera 
sa rp^eBHHe, HQxycTpejy h TproBBBy. OBaXBor jipaa ^aja 
je CaoBeHaiKa y Ey6HBH iieTpHiia roABse 1910.: 

TBpjior: MeKor:- cssra: 

UOB. UlTajepesft U.SOO 879.700 293.900 

CJOB. Koprmu 6.550 4S3.2fi2 iSd.StS 

Kpancu 119.950 458 200 578.150 

cjoi. npaMo pcit 12.700 18.193 iQ.8&2 

CBera 153.400 1,209.354 1,302.754 m" 

Oa TspAor Apsa Chjo je BajsHme xpacTa, nepa h 
tiysaBa, u3 xojHx cy ce Ae-iBicB^Ho OAvax Ha vecty y 
myHH HSp^HBEJH sejesHaHKH DparoBB, a,oit je ociajH jeo 
Cao o^BesBE y uHJiaae. TpafSap ce ynorpefiAaBao sCor 
CBOje Be&e khjibbocth y jipyre cspse h y HBAycxpKJH b 
y By&H. UeKO ce apbo os^byzso oAHax y HBraBHu crafijiBiia 
H.IH cpesaHO H3 loyMe-* Os. it,e6ABae b KaKBoKe sasB- 
cBja je oerOBa ynorpefia hjh ssl rpa^BBBCKo jipBO, sa Te- 
jfrpatjicKe cryfioBe, sa pyjapcKe rpezflse b noxynapaqe 
BJiB sa Eaiapse (japfiojie). ApBa sao jaBop, jaces, opax 
B Ap. ynoTpe6.saBa.ia cy ce y CTOJiapciBy, Cpeaa h rpa6ap 
y ROJiapCTBy, jBiia y pesfiapcTsy a t. a- 

JI,pBa 3a ropHBo Jtaaa je CjOBeHasBa (1910.) y Ky(S- 
HBii MeTpflMa: 





Tspjwr: 


MAtor: 


men: 


cioB. DlTsjepcu 


266.500 


195.400 


461.900 


CJOB. Kopymui 


67.651 


310.925 


378.576 


KpKKCEK 


564.550 


112.730 


677.!!80 




221.306 


26 562 


247.868 


CBera: 


,120.007 


645.617 


1,765.624 m 



T-,« 



- 45 - 

Tbpao ApBO 3a orpee AO$HJa ce saJBHine hs 6y- 
Kasa, Koje ce CMaTpajf Kao Hajfio^e. 3a TproBHHy ce apase 
ii^enaHHue OA MeTpa ;Ly»HBe, a npa^ajy ce o^khbo y ^KJai})- 
TpaMa'' T. ]. ABa Merpa bhcob h ABa Merpa niHpoK cuaA 
i^enaHHiia (4 syfiHa Mexpa). Pe]^e ce Dpu^ajy i^enaHHi^e j 
AysHHH OA 2—272 MBTpa. MeRO APBO sa ropHBo jcnpexa 
ce noHajBHine hs 6opoBa h ApyrHX cano HCSBapeHHx nrjia- 
THX ApBe^a, a H B3 MeKHx .iHcnaTHx. Obo ce nocJiej^Bse 
ApBO xajio TpasH. 

OcHM 8a eECDJioaTai^Bjy ;ipBa, myn e cjiyse h y Apyre 
CBpxe. TaKO cy Aa^e cjoBeHaqse my Me roA- 1910. join h 
1 59.862 q xpacTOBe h cupeBOBe Rope sa ROsapCTBO 
2,666.940 q niyMCRe CTe^e (jtHmfeia, oaapaTH h pece) 
500 kg cMOjie H TepneHTHHa h 16.288 kg myxcRor ce* 
MeAa. y cJa6HH roAHHaMa sa cToqey xpany myiie ce 
yB[0Tpe6.&aBajy h sa namy. 

3a OABJia^e&e APBa hs m;Me hoctojh Be&H 6po] 
noBJianiTeBHx npeAyse&a, Roja cy yBe^eHa 86or Tora, niTo 
cy Hajje(})THHB]e hjh jeAHHO Mory^e cpeACTBO sa opeHoc. 
FoAHHe 1910. nocToja.io je 260*3 km ,RjiaBsa* (boahh 
npenoc Ae^jia no BeniTaqRHM RopHTHna, RopHTHna noroRa 
HJiH peRa), 34'6 km APseEHX cRjiHsajiHB^a, pnsa (RopHTa 
cacTaB^ena hs Tpn cTa6ja, ROja ce ycjie^ nojBsaKa boaom 
HaxeaTajy TaHRHM JieAOuX 389 km myMCRHx asejiesBHi^a 
H 331*5 km cnjaBHHX boab. HaJBHine ce HSBjaqHJo ApBO 
RO&HMa, Mame bojobbmb, aor cy Ha sroAHHM necTHna 
paAHJiH H TepeTHH ayTOMo6HJiH. 

niyMa je cjoBena^ROM ce^any eROHOMCRH cnacHxejb, 
RojH My yneR noMase y CBHMa HecpeliaMa b HHJe 6e3 
BasHOCTH BanoMeByTH, Aa saTO oh CBOJy myMy ^yBa h 
Heryje Rao oro y rjaBH, na saio sa HMasba 6e3 myMe HHRaKO 
H ne MapH. KaA HAe y myMy Aa noce^e Roje aPbo, oHAa 



— 46 - 

iXBj Ha TO Jia Hf odopeso Apso Be 
loXHJaAEa. Oco6hto cy najKAHSB ceAanu 
asQHitH (oCh^ho BBme maoJOBaBH H 
KOjB cy ceCiB BspaABJB Ba ocbobb apssb* 
ax myHCKBX ofipTBRs B^aBOBa sa CBOje 

BH BaapT. Ilo . BpCTB jpBeia, EaKBOfcfl 

HCKopKBi&aBaaa jexftH ofipTBa poB Tpaje 
I 120 roAHoa. Ako je jexaB roAHmoB 
ax nocje Tora EaA ce apbo bsbjkjo, roia 
D nomyufyje, nixo ce BeoHa bhsahbo 
mase sa^HBe paAB (napaBBBH hjib se- 
1 cevesa bjh ca!^eaei( lUaABi^a). Eaico 
s myuy i^eBB, joEasyje BaH ^BKesHita, 
a,e Bpeue csh bs BjracTBTor Baroaa bo- 
laueBHTe BamKaKe, CTpue <5peroBe, cja6y 
e 50 roABBa sauoqejio je BomymbBBaBe 
cTurByXB saAOBAAaBajykB ycnecH. 
ApBHHa Bpebe ce La 6-6 rjiasBBx upo- 
Ipyrou JysHB ^eJiesHKiie (Bei-Tpcr) h 
BHiie (U^ej]OBei(-TpcT) HaJBefcB ce jeo 
aa APBft yJiPJ^yjo y TpcTy, Maoro cjo- 
HAe xejbesBBSou b aa PBJesy (Tpasc- 
TopHBa-Cfi. neTap-PHJeBa). Ca obex 
[ra B3ao3fl ce c^oBeBaoKO upBO y cae 
[Hor Hopa. ^a^e ^oia3u y o63Bp jom h 
iaBCKa rpaBBiia-tl,eJiOBeB-MapB6op 'If a^ap- 
H njoBHe peRe Jl^tasa a CaBa. Cbbh obhk 
ce APBO (y yrapCKj b XpsaTCKy caMO 
MtcKe). 
ana y KOJBMa CjoBeBi(B bbbc Bua npa- 

ABBKa 327 (OA THX 241 HCBHiaBBX B 86 

il71 myucRH qyaap (oa tbx 636 acofl- 



-47- 



TaHMz B 1535 HeHcnBTaHHX). Obh npHBaTHs myH&pH 6aBe 
ce ocHH Tora jom b TproBHHOH h BHAycTpHjoii ApBa, Eoja 
DocjeAaa ynorpefijMiBa aa noKperey cBjy cboJhx npeiy- 
aelta wne, HOTope h aapee uamHHe. ^) IlejoKynaa Bpejt- 
HOCT (1910.) noceqeBor CHpOBOr xpBCTa sa TprOBHsy b 
VHAyCTpnjy HSBOCHJa je 27,350.000 Epyaa, a jipsa sa 
TopBBo 9,580.000 spyBa, mio ihbb npoce^Ho 37 spyBa 
no xeKTapy myiie. 

Joa HHje KOA CjoBesaiia oa sejBKe eEOBOHCxe sax- 
BocTB H caHo ce paAH CDopTa Heryje. Ilpaso cBor npH- 
BaTHor :iOBa BHa cbho obbj BeJienoceAHBK, ^Bje BHaobe 
y jeAHoj jeAHHCTseHoj cKjaHeB bshocb sBme oa 250 ha, 
AOK je cftB ocrajB aob obbitbhcbb h ceaEHX fi roAHBa ce 
Ba jaBHoj Apax6a Aaje noA sasyn. FoABse 1910. (Sbao 
je J mrajepcRoj, Kopymauj, KpaBCKOj b IIpBuopcKoj 
2319 npBsaTHHx .lOBaqKHX OKpyra (oa tbx 10 orpa^eHBx 
sa eery jiiiBjba.iii) h 2679 oubitbhcsbx h saApysHBX, 
HHja je roABinna saKynoa cyua Hsnocaja 835.562 Kpyne. 
JLoB y pasBHiiaua cbcbbh ce pasJiHKyje ox OHor y (Spacebh 
H mjHCKBH EpajesHMa. JI,oe bb paBHuuB Hsranajy AXBsav 
HroKaqH", y fipAeBBH r myHCEBM KpajeBBHa ynoTpefijtaBajy 
ce .losaqsK ncB nfipasH" 36or vera ce h o$bj BavBB jobb 
30Be ^CpaEaAa". IloniTO ce cbbkh jiub no cxapoii oOHvajy 
ca BeJHKHM Beccf eu CBpmaBa, saTo o6hqbo no3HBa sasyn- 
HHE Ha JOB CBS CBOje npHJaTeAe JOBi^e. TpejlH je HavBH 
JOBa QocaHB^aH b loeaii noEymaBa HBB^tme — cpBH, 

je^eHJ, ABBAOJ K03H, ABBAeM DCTJiy — BOTaJHO BpntiZH- 
■HTH ce HJIB je npHHaXBTH. OCHH OBHX HHB jOm 8 APy- 

THX Ha^Hsa :ioBa. IlpaBBX :ioBai(a 6bjio je (1910.) 6534. 
Oa thx je 6eio CTaJBBX JosaQa 1845 (1016 BcauTaHBX 



') ■BXJCtpijfl XPB> BBAI noA E 



"^""'•P^IIPS'^ 



M 829 BeBcntrraHHx) u 1689 lysapa JOBa (1570 hciim- 

TaBHX H 3119 HBHCnBTaSHX.) 

Oto ce TH^e Josa^KHZ naca csho cy japeGH^apH 
jo6por Aoxaber b qHCTor nopex^, 31.0K cy n^paKB" njox 
Bajpa3JBqBBJBz yKpmTasafta.B (iea DoyqaBaoa. Obo huo 
fipasa nrro cy ojirojBJH cTajiBB xoana Hsryfis ce B8iie|y 
ocTajBs naca, kojb ae asajy BBme Bero obo bito cy cava 
y joBy flayqHJB- 

GJOBeBftqKH JOB je jom ;iocTa saocTao aa xpy- 

TBH CpebeBBH JOBOBBMa, jep ce JOBa^BB saKyBHBQB 

Be 6pHHy AOBOAHo sa HCTpe^Aeae niTeTBe ABB^aqB, Koja 
flpaBH ve^y aenesHHa, ittaaaBBiia, japetiBiiaHa h ApyrBMa 
rpjiBBx BiTeTa. y ro;iBHB 1910. 6hjo je oa KOpBCse ;ui- 
B^aiB yCajaBD 287. SOI BouaAa, t. j. jejeBa, cpaa, ahbabx 
Koaa, seqeBB (129.332), jhbabx neTjosa, bjbcbbx kokobib, 
t{)a3aHa, japetiBna (61.238), Bpene.JBqa, ahbahs rycasa b 
naTaRa (5893); on fliTeiBBX SBBOTsma 146.557 EOuajut, 
T. j. 1 He|eA, 6 ByEOBa, abab BBme JHCHita, syaa, jacEoa, 
AHxypa (TBopoBa), jhbahx Haqasa (70), jaaaBBBa, Bese- 

pBBB, BHApB, OpJOBa (61), COBS, COKOJIOBa, BpBBa B 

CBpaKa (65.605). X& <^h ce bito ycBemBBje h fiojbe jobbjo, 
y JbyfiifiaRH ce ycxaBOBBJio „C.30BeHCso xobcbo xpyfliTBo'', 
ROHe npBBaxajy sao qjaBOBH vecTBa jiobckb ApyBTraa h 
E.iy(iOBB DO nexoj cjooeBaqBoj seWiSB, e80 b BojexBBmi. 
y^pyBtefte aajiaje ceoj cxpyiBH ihct tojb ce ynjHB Korao 
nocje BpaTKor oncTasHa Be!b HecrBKHi^e OBesaTH, jep cy 
AyAB ysBAeJiB a.& job Be boctojb cbho 36or Tora ab ce 
AKBJBa^ 6e3 pe^iB b BeHHJOcpABo y(5Bja, Bero ab jy je 
Tpeda HeroBBTH h lysaTB. Ocbh Tora ce xpyBiTBo saysejo 
H sa crpaae lypitcTe, xb bm ce cTBopH Hory^Bocr — aso 
TO sejie — Aa Hory jom npe cyaqaaor KMaaa beAb h 
ydBTH KasBor ABBAer neua. 3aTo cy y HeEBU spaje* 

BBHB ABBJbB neiAH CTaJBAH BOA EOBTpOAOU. 



- 4^ - 

4. CroHapcTBO. CjioBeHaqKe noKpaJHHe cy HapoHSTo 
iip^Kiiai^He 3a croqapcTBo, y Roue cy ce opaei^y.H noqejie 
CHasHO pasBHJaTH jom npe para. CTO^apcTBO h myMap- 
CTBO yBCB je caamaBajio cJOBeHa^^Bor cejbaRa, Da iiy je 
saxo OH apHa.aBao h Hajaeiy BasHOcr. Cano. cio^apcTso 
Mose ce oneT no^eJiHTH y BHme rpana, oa kojhx cy aaj- 
BasHHJe roBe^apcTBO, Koje je najja^e h Haj6oAe y nja- 
HHHCROM H 6pACB0M AOjy A.jrna, ROE&apcTBo y caBCRoj h 
ApaBCROj AOJEHHH T. j. y 6peayAHacT0M Aejy h paBHHitH, 
CBHaapcTBo Ha MaiHM h cpe^BbHM ce^aqRHM HMasbHMa h 
BOA HajiHx sanaTJiHja y BapomHi^aHa Eao h OB^apCTBO 
Koje je OA Be&e BaacHocTH caMO ea Kpacy h y BHCoropjy 
(JyjHjcKe H KaMHHmRe nJiaHHHe h EapasaHRe). 

Uo noHHcy cTone oa 1910. ro^HHe ^) 6Hjio.je: 

Kima: roBexa: oBai^a: csHBa: 

y IHTajepcBOj 62.408 683 443 120.246 836 52^ 

y Kopymsoj 30.020 222.383 95.250 185 595 

y KpaACBoj 40.000 227.000 24.000 177.000 

y DpBMopcBoj 13.104 138.606 228.236 111.649 



csera: 145.532 1,271.432 467.73? 1,310.764 

Caa cTOKa y cjOBeeaqRHM RpajeBHMa rojH ce pe- 
AOBHO y Ao6po H3rpa]^eHBM mTajaMa, na h opeKOJieTa. 
HiyseTO cy 3a obo Ao6a caMO one RpaBe, TejaA h OBue 
— a THX je MajreH jjeo — Roje roHO nacTapH Ha njia- 
HHHCRe HamftaRe, ^njiannie'' SBane. ^IIJiaHinapCTBo* je 
pasBHjeHO caMo y ropcROM js^ejij CjioBeHaHRe. Ilaina 
nocTaje caMO y jeceH nocJie »eTBe onmTa h Tpaje ao 
npBor CHera. CjOBenaqRH cejbaR je Be& xaBHO yBH^eo 



^) Dr. J. Krek: Les Slovenes. Paris 1917. — Oea CTaTHCTHsa 
ce oABocfl Ha HHTase DospajBHe a ae caMo na bbiobo c;ioBeHa?Be 
AeJOBe. 



i^'n^s 



- 50 



eaiKBOCT sflAAHe mTaie y cTo^apcTBy, h octeo je TeK ca 
MaiHM Hsysei^HMa EOHsepBaTHBHo KOA Hacjie^CTBa cbojhx 
npejiasa. y HOBHje BpeMe re koa cejbMs. ycnemno npo- 
6Hja HHCao o xHrBJeHCRHM H MOAepsHM saxTeBBva Dps 
HsrpaAAH mTaJia, bojhx Bel AocTa najiasHMO Ha cpeA&BM, 
a no Koje ^aK h na iiaJiHM noceAHna. BejenoceAy He 
Tpe6a HH roBopHTH, jep Taj npeAiba^H yBeR ca cBHiia 
MOAepHHM HaapaBava. CTO^ne cTaje o6h^bo cy y Be^BM 
niTajaMa pacnope]^eHe na xojiaHACKH naHHH, aok cy Masbe 
HiTaje caCBHH o6HqHe. Koa npBHX aohoch ce spiia 
CDpeAa, KOA Apyrnx CTpara. Xpasa CTOKe je ofn^Ho ceso. 
8a cj[a6e Koibe RHcejio, sa 6ojbe KOBbe, BOjioBe h oApacJiy 
TeJiaA cjiaTRo ceno npBe RocnTCe, ?a RpaBe cjiaTBo ceno 
Apyre K0CHT6e h cyxa AeTejHHa. Ochm Tora Aaje ce Rpa- 
BaMa MysapaMa jom h CTo^Ha pena. Osa CTOKa Roja je 
OAP^^eBa 3a rojefi>e, Ao6Hja napesH RpoHnap, cxo^ny 
peny, cyxy hjih napeny A©TejiHHy, napene MeRBae hjih 
oTnaTRe h3 <j|)a6pHRa metiepa h nHBapa. Xpana CBH&a 
cacTojH ce h3 oTnaAaEa AyACHe xpaee, Ryxanor EpoMnapa 
HJIH cTOHHe pene, neqenax THRaBa, a JieTH hs RomeHe 
Tpane, AeTejiHHe h APjre sejieHH. Oniie ce Rpne Rao 
roBeAa. TejaA cBcan^aA no MOr>]^ocTH ce npne HeAe^e 
OA^Hjy OA RpaBe, Roja ce Myae h Aaje TeJiexy j?a nnje hs 
3aTo 0Ape!^eHe nocyAe. TBMe ce RpaBe mhofo mTHTe. 
MjieRO ce Aaje Tejeiy HajMaae 4—6 neAejba, aRO je oa- 
pe]^eHo 3a npanJOA oHAa ^an ao 50 neAe^a. Eoa Ao6pBx 
CTo^apa cBaRO roBeAO BMa cboj OApe!^eHH o6poR xpanie, 
ROJH HHa Aa Ao6Hje cBaRor Aana y hcto Bpeiie, peAOBHo 
no TpH nyTa AneBHO. TaRo hcto ce fiejiesH sa CBaRy Rpasy 
ROJHqHHa MJieRa, no Rojoj ce h ROJiB^HHa ftesHne xpane 
ynpaBjba. Roa CBaRor Majo 6ojber cjOBeaaqRor ce^api 
Moase ce Beb nain cTpoj sa pesaae cena (pesanni^a). Ha 



- 51 — 

# — 

oeaj fla^HH mhofo ce ceea ymTe^H, jep ra CTORa He 
6ai][a ce6H noA Hore, a y cj[a6HM roAHHaiia ca ceeoH omo- 
ry]kyje MemaH>e cena ca cjaMOM (MemaHH^a), h ctoi^h cnpe- 
HaBa H36HpaKe, Hero Mopa Aa je^e cse sajeAHo. 3a na- 
naja&e cTose mhofh cy ce^ai^H HanpaBHJiH BOAOBOAe h 
ji.pyre MOAepee eanpaBe, Taso Aa cTosa y shmh ne nsje 
jieAeny BOAy. 

Oa TOBe%ax nacvHHa ^ajjaqe je sacTyn^eHa cHBa 
aincKa, qecTo MOHTaBOHCRa nacMHHa (yBeA^na y Kpa&cBoj 
AerenepHcajia ce 36or HenoBo^He KJEBMe, na je naAOMe- 
mTeea chbom ajncKOM ctorom) h jyacHo-niTajepcRa nac- 
MHBa. Pe!^e ce BHAe jom h MfpHKOAOJCEa, uyp6( AencRa, 
cuMeHTSJicRa ^ nHBi^raBCRa nacMHHa. CBBa a jncRa nacuHsa 
Aaje BaHpeAHy paAHy CTORy, a h RpaBe cy Ao6pe Mysape. 
JeAsa Rpaaa AB-je y roAHmibeM npoceRy AHeBso 6 ji. Ao6por 
H MacHor MJieRa (y JI,aHCRO] 7 Vs ^O* ^Baj Ao6ap RBaJHTeT 
MJieBa u Rpasa SHaiHO je apHnoMorao pasBOjy^cJOBeHaHRor 
MJieRapcTBa, Roje CHa6AeBa He cano ceibaHRH Hero h Ba- 
poniRH TRULBSijb. Ma jifiL je cJOBeHa^Ro MJieRapcTBo leK y 
noHeuHMa, obo j6 Beit npe paTa noRasajio Aa &e nocxaTH 
€a CBojHH MJienapcRHM saApyrana 8ace6Ha npoHSBOAna 
rpana. Jifi ROHi^a roAHHe 1907. 6hjio je y CjiOBeHaHROj 
89 MjeRapcRHx sai^pyra, oa bojhx je npHnaAaJio 56 3a- 
ApysHHM caBe3BMa y JlDyfiAaHH, FopHim h U^e^y. CBe 
one saApyre Ao6HJie cy oa cbojhx qjanoBa y hctoj ro- 
AHHH 15,316.559 j. MJeRa, rojbm cy CHa6AeBaje 64Hse 
BaponiB H npoAyn;BpaJEe jom 272.185 kg Macjiai^a h 
.131.357 kg CHpa. BetiHHOH ce^aBEe Hoce MJieRo cane y 
BaponiH CBOJHM CTajHHM HymrepHjaifa. Ochm xora npane 
ROA RyLe cjiaTRy, RHcejiy h noArpejany CMOTany (RajHaE), 
€Hp, Macjrai][ h Macjo h npoAajy cbojhh MymTepBjaMa hjih 
^proBi^HMa. 



4 



— 52 — 

ToBeAO y cJioBeBa^Kiii EpajeBBva ; 
cnoco6&o sa se6.£a%e. B aaro Je ana 
GroqHa iproBBBa HMaia je 3a paflay i 
CTOBy Bapo^iHTa uecTa, be Boja ce Sfyie] 
pe^eHHH AaBBXa y cspxy npoAaje (cajHOBi 
BJieHeHCEa a ocraia croBa opoAasajia < 
AasaieBoj CTajH. HUa BoxoBHiia HcnaBy d 
(TejetH) 3y6H, ohh noiHy Jia ry(5e 'Fa a. 
Aai;fl BoioBe ciapflje BBme o^ 6 — 7 r< 
Hero Hx yroje h npojajy Merapy. To i 
fiHKOBe, EojH ce ynoTpefiAaeajy sa pacojio. 
10 nere roAHHe, sao a sa spase on 
Hapo^HTO AO<5po fDJiHBajy bb pasBoj roj 
BeHa^KaH KpajeBBHa roxHuiBe ospyaHe i 
CEe cTose (iSuBOBa, leiBba b spasa), sao 
AHOBHcaKa y ^opiiH HarpaA^ b Ha6aQ 
ciOKe y3 'A ata 7^ i^eae. IIoceABfliiH 
nyxeii BafiaBAeHe cxoEe, oCaBeaaaH cy je 
TpH roAHHe 9a pacnJOA, a tck nocje i< 
6o2Ho npoflaTH. 

Ha 1000 cxaHOBSHEa Aoi&sa y IQTaj 
y KopyniKOj 563, y KpaacKOj 432, a y 
rpjia (HTajHja 180, Bejraja 2^0, HeMi 
nycKa 370, ^ecs& 880). Ha km' AOJa: 
98 rpja, y KopymKOj 46, y Kpaacaoj 
rpaABnnaacsoj 39. 

y Koitapcmey y cJiofieaaqBHii Kpaje 
cy y rjiasHOH pace ^ibehx k leniKBs ko&i 
HaJHx TepfeTBBX EO&a nojaBAyje ce ea B 
rapan TemsB rerjietH kobh raje ce y 
cKoj AOJBBH, OKO JliyTOMepa K y CaBBi 
IIlTajepcEOj, Kao h y ropeBCEoj, aok c 



- 53 - 

H jasaiH Ko&H raje y niTajepcKoj ApaBCKoj aojhhh, y 
AojreftCROj H HoTpafi»CBOj. Ho nopeKJiy cy TemKH kokh 
H3 ropeH>CKe, Kopymse h ohh oko JbyTonepa BacjieAHBii;H 
Teinse HopHmse Terw&e nacHHHe, a ohh h3 CaBHibCKe 
AOJiHHe noTOMi^H 6ypryHCKHx s^ipe^aua. JIaRH kokh npo- 
jtyBTH cy yEpmraBaKa enrJiecKe, apancKe h jiHDHinKe 
nacHHHe, aoj[yRpBH>ai^H hjih DynoKpBftai^H obhx oacMBHa. 
Oil; OBEX nacMHBa caMo je jflnaniKa DacMBBa opasa cjio- 
BenaqRa h Hiia CBOje hmo no cej[y JLHHBi^a boa DpecTpaHBa 
Ha BpaacKOM spacy, r^e ce Hajrase ^eJHRe ROfi»ape. Obh 
KOEbH cy Ha CBexcROM rjiacy a OAJi«Ryjy ce cbojhm tbpahm 
ROBHTHMa B jaRBM RocTHua. Ha]6oibH Ryoi^H 8a MJiaAy 
»Ape6aA TeniRe nacuHHe Cbjih cy TBpojiCBB h 6aBapcKH 
raJHTe^H Ro^a. MjaAa SApe6aA JaRe DacMBHe B3B03BJia 
ce HajBHine y HTajrBjy. 

Ha 1000 CTanoBHHRa AOJrasH y niTajepcRoj 52 KOiBba, 
y KopymROj 90, y Kpa&CRoj 80, a y IIpBMopcRoj 15 
(nxajHJa 29, EarJiecBa 48, Heita^Ra 72, ^paBi^ycBa 82). 
Ha km® oTna^a y HlTajepcRoj 6 robb, y KopyniRoj 6, y 
Kpa&CRoj 5, y FopHqEBo-rpaABinTaHCROj 4, a y HcipH 

1 EOK. CjOBeBaHRO BOAapCTBO He J^OCTHSe aycTpBJcKH 

npoceR OA 10 Koaa aa je^aH RBSApaTHH EBJoneiap. 

Ha pasBoj RosbapcTBa Bpjio Ao6po ynjiBBajy saApyre 
3a rajeae R0fi>a, rbo h naniibai^H sa SApe6aA} oa rojhx 
HMa Haj6oAe HMe onaj na TpaBHHBy (y niiajepcROj). OBaj 
naniEbaR ce naJiasH 1630 m na^ MopcROM nospniBBOH a 
6bo je Be& roAflse 1882. ype^en sa namy aApe6aAB. 
CjiOBeBa^EH cejbaR ce pasyiie y rajeH»e Roiba b mbofo bx 
BOJH. H>eroBO Bece^e c Ao6pBM RoibBua noRasyje saj- 
6ojbe TO mTo cy cejbai^H JI^ojie&CRe caMB HSApsRaBaJH 
ROEbCHO TpBajiBniTe y Gt. Jaaacy, rAe cy ce OApsaBaje 
CRaRe roAHHe TpRe. Ce^^ai^B miajepcRor ApaBCROr nojBa 



I? 



1 



-54- 

pejuoBHo cy yqecTBOBSJiH ca cbojhm KO&Hiia be jece&cEBM 
KoibCRHM TpEaMa y FpaAUy. Y thm KpajeBHua csyce ce 
y CBeqaHHM sroAaiia momi^h hs jeAHor esis BHine cejia na 
EOftHtfa H jype yspameHH i^BebeM h TpodoJKaiia ca cbo- 
jhm Rao Konjbe Ayra^KBM MOTKaMa npeiia cbomb i^H^y. y 
RopymKoj ce oApsao jom jeAae CTapH o6Hqaj, kojh je 
ocxaTaK cTapocjoBeHCKHX 6op6eHBX nrapa. Ha I^BeTose h 
jiaHe Hpe kbx ^ojiaae ca CBBjy CTpaea Jbyjsfi sa Eojnva, 
ROEbHMa HJH nemse y Tpare kojs, BHCTpei^e h fifijbe y 
3h^cboj aojbhr, Aa bhao oBe Brpe. Hapasno xa oBaxBH 
muopTOBH Ao6po yTHqy na pasBOj softapcTBa. 

TesHmTe raJeEba cBH&a y cjroBeHa^EHM BpajeBBna 
Hajia^H ce y caBCKoJ paBHHi^H, y 6jh8hhh xpBaTcse. rpa- 
HHi^e H y Kopymsoj. Om, CBHSbcsHx nacMHea Bajnemj^a je 
AOMa^a cBHftCBa nacMSHa, Eoja Aaje cBHibe i;o6pe 3a 
Meco. Ofia je nacMHHa mhofo yBpmTaBaHa esrJiecRBv 
CBH&CRHM nacMBHaHa, OA EOJBX cy ce y no^eTEy ynoTpe- 
6jbaBajiH caHo HepacTH cy4»0JinEe n ^epRmnpcEe (Suffolk, 
Berkshire) nacMHHe, a nocjie — o^ noneTEa oBor cto- 
j[e%a. — jom h HepaCTH BeJHEe jopEmapcEe h cymemse 
nacMHBe (Yorkshire, Sussec). YRpniTaBaae cJioBeHa^RHx 
CBflma c eHFjecEHM AaeaJio je oajihhbhx pesyjixaia. He 
caMO niTO je nocTaJia bjioahoct CBBfta se^a (^ecxo ao 20 
H BHme npacan;a), nero ce hx mofjio h jrarjbe yroJHTH, 
a B npacaA BBje BHme raRo qecro HorH6aj[a. Cane eBFje- 
CRe qncTORpBBe oacMHae BBcy ce xaRO Ao6po noBeje sao 
yRpmreae, jep cy cyBBme Meae 36or laeEe Eose. Ha 
1000 CTasoBBHEa AOjasH y HlTajepcsoj 580 CBBaa, y 
KopymROj 470, y KpaacROJ 338, a y DpBMopcEOJ 125 
(npHMep: HTajiHja 77, EarJiecEa 78, $paBi;ycEa 161, 
HeMa^Ra 364). Ha je^as RBa^paTBH BHJioMeTap ojinaAajy 
y miajepcRoj 82 CMBbe, y KopymKoj 38, y EpaKCEoj 34, 



IW I ^ Jl .M 



— 55 — 

» 

y ropH^KO TpaAHinTaHCKoj 30 h y HcxpH 16. Ho tomb 
roje&e cBHaa y cjioeeBaqKHH BpajeBHiia npeifainyje caMo 
y cBOir ceBepHOH a^jlj aycTpnjcKH npoceR oa 35 CBBBa 
Ha jeAan seaApaTHH KHJioueTap. 

Oeuapcmeo je najBHine pa3BHJeH0 y bhcorhm ropaMa, 
Ha BHCHHaMa soje roBe]^a cToira BEine He nose hocth^h 
H Ha KpmHO] BevjbE (Kpac), r^ie oho h HajcHpoMamnnje 
oamaaRe HCRopHniiaBa. HeEaAa je 6hjio h oB^apcTBO y 
cjOBeHa^EBM KpajeBifira ja^e, aJiH oa Ka^a je npecTajQ 
H3pa]^HBaH»e ce«&a«]Ke qoje h oB^apcTBO ce cMa&HBajro. 
G^OBeHa^KH ce^aK Be^ Bunie A^jTeBBja synyje CBe hito 
My je noTpe6Ho aa oxejio y TproBHHaMa. 0;^ ;i;oMatHX 
OB^HX nactfHEa Tpe6ajo 6vl cnoMenyTH jesepcKy 0Bn;y 
(JeaepcKo y KopyniKOj) Kao najfijiHay cpo^HHiiy 6epra- 
MamKe BejiHKe njraHHHCKe OBn;e y EapaBaHKaMa h laMHO- 
CMe]^y CoBa^Ky oBity (BoBei^ y UpHMopcKoj) y JyjiHJcBHM 
ainaMa. Ocbm Tora itoctojh jom neKOJiHEO uaKHx h Haae 
Ba^HHX nacMHHa, Roje ce o6bhho yRpmaapameM c jeaep- 
CKOM OBi^oM no6o.%niaBH. Dohito je (^jiOBena^RM cejbaR 8a- 
6ai^H0 rajefte oaai^t 36or Byne, oh je BO^eo dohobo jia 
Aaje OBHapcTBy Be^e BaseocTB, cauo c tom pasJiHKOM hito 
ce HHHH JUA My je rajesbe oBaua 36or Meca MHoro chhhh- 
THHHHje, Hapo^HTo OA RBAJfi je ynosHao southdown cRy 
OBi^y, Roja ce Bei mhofo ynoTpe6jbaBa sa yEpniTaBaae b 
^fflCTo HJieiie. Ha lOOO CTaHOBHHKa 0Tna;ia y HlTajepcRoj 
60 0Ba^a, y KopyniEoj 181, y KpaacRoj 46, a y IIpH- 
MopcROj 24:5'(npHMep: HewaqEa 127, HxaJiBJa 344, $paH- 
i^ycKa 445, EarjecEtt 703). Ha je^an KBaApaTHH ebjio- 
MCTap A0Ja3H y ElTajepcRoj 8 oBai^a, y KopyniBoj 14, y 
KpaacRoj 4, y FopHqEO-rpaAHmraHCEoj 7, a y HcTpa 64. 
CaMo J^Be noRpajHHe npejiase npeRo aycTpajfEor npoceBa 
o;^ 13 oaai^a Ha je^an EBaJ^paTHH EHjroMexap. 



- 56- 

adapcmeo je aBoro npoDiHpeHo. Ha cBaKOH ce- 
Hasy ce aa^e se&H 6poj KOKomH, a b nypana, 
miia rjfi bus Teaybflx bjh ciojeliBx susa h ry- 
tTiKa. roj;6e cjoBeHa^KH ce&ax wpsH, jep My 
eiy, a raje ce y se&BH HaceoOHnaiia. CTaH>e 
rsHOCBJo je OBO 3,350.000 EOHSAa. Qo nacmt- 

cy ABe jiouaifl h to jysuo-niTajepcBa u cee- 
tCHiiBa, BOje xftBajy ysycBO b coibo ueco, a 
[OCTa jaja {180 — 240 ro^Binfte). Oa cTpaHHx 
losBaxecy: opnBErroH, zyra BoiBB^Saa, wyan 
tp. y nocieAfi>e Bpeue ooiexo ce h aepaji,apeTBO 

BHTeBSHBHBje B BacTaJo je BBine Be&Bx rajH- 
iBHBe. Ha cjoBeHa^KHS Kpajeaa ce h8bo3b hboto 

1 xHse H HpTse xBBHHe. JysBo mTajepCHH Eonya 
) no3BaT je. Uepje ce b8B03b y kojibkd ra nr«- 

AOHafce norpeUe. 
Aopcmeo je 3a CjOBeBoa ysrpeAHo saflflvaBe, 
I cBejejtBo BO.IB. HsBOS nqeja 6ko je SBaT&B, aa- 

PycBjy, AycTfajBjy, AHepsRy b jtp.). CBDjy 
<5hio je OKO 260.000. CjioBeBaiaa soniHRna Hva 
Ta'fKe npH3iiaTHiBe Kyinje ca noKpeTHBM okbm- 
BocaK H uex- Obh caBtyiUf cy cjioxeHB je^aa 
or Kpaj Kyfae y niejiBKasy. 
apcmeo y cJiaTRBx Boiajia (pevaiia h jeaepava) 
iBHOH caHO sa saCaay. V )fBoro6poJBBX noToitBiia, 
: jesepBHa sajiase ce BajpasjHVBBJe psfie, xao 
jjiaji, coHOBB, lOTyKe, DacTpHe, spanoBH r ip. 
)aROBii BHajiH cy CJiaBso Hue, aJ8 bx je Beia 
I syxna fiojiecT totubo noTByao jBHniTBja. Dh- 
LH je pa^.ioB Ba U,epBBiiniKoii jesepy, b3 aojera 
la ceaRe roAHBe Kpos noxaeHBe RaBa.ie, Taso ha 
!3epa noinyao BcymB h cJiy»a 3a ;iBBaj;e. 7 je- 



- 57 - 

ceH ce Kp03 oBe Kana^e Boxa spa&a. Kaj noqae nassKe 
Bone, JbyiE ce CKyae ua ph6ojob, jep ocxajy Be^Hxe ko- 
jHiHHe pasHHX pflCa na nay jesepa. MopCKB ph6o:iob m- 
H^SKsa, MHoro psOapa h s>biobhx nopojtHna. 

CeuAeHa 6y6a ce lajit y KpaK^KOj (BHnaBcsa ah- 
jiKHa), a jom HHoro BHme y QpHMopcKoj. 3a spaay cbb- 
jiene 6y6e Tpe(5ajo je (1910.) 77.508 KeTapcBKx i;eBTH 
ifAOBor JHmba. 

5. SeHJbopaAHHHKO paAeHHiKO nHTaK>e. Koa Ciose- 
Haita ce jejaa Hoacfl roBopnTH o seu^&opajtBBHEOH BBxany, 
jep je noeejt y orpuHsoj BefcHBH MajeBH DoceA- Taao 
BCTo cy Ba pexKHH BejHBHu noceABHa roxoBo cuh pa^e- 
HHUH udjm noceAHBnn h H.BX0Ba Atm, bojh paje Kao 
BaiHuqapH raBo oHAa ksa Hvajy BpeueBa. FaAH xora cy 
BeJiBKH nocBAHHiiB upBMOpaHH J12. HSApsapajy cxa^aa 6poj 
dyra h cjymKBKa, kojb Ao6Btajy ocbu ciaBa b spaBe 
jom cTBJiBy roABiDKy DJiaty y HOBHy. CpeAH>H* nocejiBBUB 
laBajy ofinqBo xyxHiia l^es senxe MaJie ayhBi^e ca senixo 
seiiAe ; »aKyn, kojh o^ialiajy. sBpBjy BaAHBuou, eoa 
Apyrax noceAHBKa HaAHHiia HMa (jtiopiiy yaajavBe novokB. 
Koj BejiBKBX myMCKHX otSpxa, eoa eojRx nsAa rjasBH 
paA 3a Bpene sane, paAe sebuHuM caHO 6jhbh>h uajH 
nuceABBiiB y BaAHHiiH ca CBa6AeBC&eM h.ib 6e3 aera hjh 
sa aaopA- y BBBorpaAapCKHM xpajeBBiia Bapoipxo oKo 
Mapa&opa, Ilxyja H Jl:>yTOKepa, Docxoje xaao sBanB hBB- 
HB^apa". To ey iyAH Cea caoje seiijbe — oOhibo Besa- 
AflBiB BHBorpaAapH — eojb Ao^BJajy oa rocflOAspa sao 
Harpaiy dOiSoAaB cxaB y SBBorpaAapCRfcK Ejlaua (^laii), 
KuuaA KHBe, B 1 — 3 hi BBBa roAHmae h y Bpeue bba 
ce y BBBorpaAHHa paAB, oaAHHuy oa 40 — 70 napa abcbbo, 
a 3axo xpefia Aa lyBsjy BaaorpaA b BHaorpaAspcBe pa- 



-58 - 

AOBe. Obh BHHHqapH ao^eJiH cy oe MHoro npHBpeiieHo 
HcejBaBaxH. GraJBH seM^opaAHH^KH paAeHBUH ocHrypasH 
cy sa cjiy^aj 6oiecTH h Hecpebe, aso pa^e kox cTa^HJi- 
HHx HaaiHHa. 3a OBe paAeHHKe He nOcTOJH jom BBKaRBa 
nocpeAOBaoHHua sa paX) jep 86or &HxoBor Major 6po]a 
HBje roTOBO HH norpei^Ha. 

6. ArpapHH KpeAMT. 3eMjbopaAHHK je yaen rpaxHO 
y cJiy^ajy aoTpe6e noMOlkH. 3aTeKao ce yBes roa oHora 
EojK My je 5flo Haj6jH3BH H da Kora je mhcjio a& l^e 6htu 
y HoryliHOCTH ^a My noMorHe. IIoinTo ao cpeAHne npoouor 
CToie&a ROA CjiuBeHai^a jom BHJe 6hjio HOB^aBBX sasoAa, 

TO (ff Rao TBRBa ({)yHBItHOHHCaJIH peAOBHO MBHaCTHpH, SB- 

HBTJBje H TproBi^H BO BapomBMB, CBaXHJe H seliH CeOCRB 
nocBAHHi^H. IIpHpoAHa nocJieARi^a obbx npsjiBBa 6b ja je 
Aa je ycneeaJio naJBeMHJOcpAHHje sejesaoiTBo. Kavaia 
ce pe^OBHo HJia^aja seMJbopaAHHHRHM njioAOBHMa bjib 
CTOROM, a Ayr THMe, Aa je ce^aR ycTyDHO cBOJe RMaibe 
HJiB neJLO HJIH CTBHOBBT A^o H>eroB BepoBBMEy, jep BBJe 
HHRBAa Morao Aa cRynn tojbbo noaai^a Aa 6h Bsa^e no- 
rao noAMHpBTH BepoBHHRa. Bets ceocRE noceABBUR yseK 
cy ce saAOBOwfiaBajiH oiirjra&BBasbeM ca saAHBiioM hjih bb- 
MHpHHmairay cbmo cy BapomaHH TpasBJiH HOBai^ oa cejbaRa 
H HmjiH cRopp yBOR sa TBM, A^ ce AOMorny aeroBor bmb- 
Ba Ha je((»THH Ha^HH. HapoHHTo hm ce cbhI^jih bhho- 
rpai^H. Ha OBaj naqHH ce Moace npoTyMa^BTH h to saniTo 
cy HaJBe&H H Baj6oAH BHHorpaAH y XaJosaMa, CjioBen- 
CRBM TopHi^aMa H ORO .^DyTOMepa y pynaMa HenaHRHX 
Bapomana, jep cy th 6hj[b ohh, rojh cy BpniHJui OBaj 
„tocth", „qecTHTH** h „nojnTeBB" sanaT sejeHaniTBa. 
KaA je Aonijio Bpene Tpe6ajio je h oay necpety hh- 

CTHTH. yBHAeJIO Ce Aa^ OBBRO ABAe He MOSe BlkH H AB 



. - 59 - 

Tpe6a OCJ1060AHTH cjoBeHaHRor cej&aBa oa sejeaapiTBa. 
Hb^ejio ce Tcro^HHe 1865., Ka^; ce noA bo|ctbom oho- 
BpeHeHor Hapo^Hor nocjiaHHEa y 6e'?R0M napjaHenTy hh- 
me^epa r. MHxaeja BomKaKa, ocBosao npBH cjiOBeHaHSH 
HOBqaHH sasOA y Il,ejby (DlTajepcBa). Bet ro^HHe 1869. 
ocHOBaH je APyrn HOBqaHH saBOA y TpaAUy (oneT y IIlTa- 
jepcKoj). Upe Hero je aohijio ao npse cjehhc ycTanoBe 
y KpattCKOj (1889.) ocflOBaHa ey y lUTajepcKoj Joni Aaj- 
iba TpH cjoBeHa^Ka HOB^iaHa saBOAa. HnHi^HJaTBBy je jiajia 
y EpaibCKOj rpaACEa onmTHHa ^yCj^ancBa, oa Hoje sara- 
paHTOBaH saBOA je Aanac jeAaH oa HaJBetBx nocTojetHx. 
Ilpe paTa 6hjio je no KapaKTiepy 17 noTnyHO ^hcthx 
nynHjrapHO CHrypnbx cjioBeBa^BBX BOBqaBHx saBOAa, 3a 
qHJy cHrypHocT cy rapanxoBaJiH no je^an hjih BHme cpe- 
30Ba HJiH oamTHHa. HsyseTaR npaBH caMO jeAan sanoA 
T. j. y TpcTy, KojH je TaKO hcto nynHjiapno CHrypan, 
ajEH je sarapaHTOBaH n;e.90BynHi!M HMa^eH 6oraTBx dph- 
BaTHBX Jinma. EpajeH roAHHe 1914. naA ce Bet MHoro 
HOBai^a AHFJio H3 3aB0Aa hshochjih cy niTeABH yjosH obbx 
17 HOBqaHHx aaBOAa 76,134 574 Kpyna. Upe no^eTKa paia 
HMajia je caMO r,Jby6jbSiECJi8L necTHa xpaBHj[BHn:a" (niTe- 
AHOHHua) npeBu 48 HHJiHJOHa Bpyna mTeAHHx yjrora. Ochm 
OBHx nynnJiapHo CHrypHHX sasoAa nocioje jom h saBOAH 
ca HeMa^KHH napaKTepoM oa kojhx je HajjaqH „Epaac£a 
QOcojHJiHHaa HE xpaHHJiEHiia" y JI:>y6jbaBH, Koja je HMaJia 
npe paTa npoKo 52 NHJiBjona Kpyna roTOBO caMO cjioBe- 
Ha^Kor yjEosenor noBi^a. Cbh obh BOB^aHH saBOAH 6aBe 
ce Be&HHOM xHnoTeKapHHH speAHTOH ca no 4 — 6% ^ 
Mame jih^hhm KpeAHTOM ca no 5 — 7 %. Bekn EauaiH ce 
y cJiOBena^KHM 8eM.ftaMa ne nja&ajy HH&aAa eoa saeoAa. 
FjiaBBH ufljb cJEOBenaHKBx noB^aHBx saBOAa 6ho je ocjro- 
6o]^eBe cjEOBenaiRe npHnpeAe oa CBaKor mTexnor ynJiBBa, 



- 60 - 

lamTBa h HeHftiKor KaoBTaaa h DoitaraBe cjo- 
seiiAopaAHHniTBa, saaaia b TproBHHe h xr^iiBS 
»)r napOAHor nocejiHor cTana na napoABoj rpa- 
THs HeMaiBe HajesAe- 

laApyrapcTBO. C^oBeBaiKo saApyrapcTBo pasBB- 
ocTB Apfr^Bje Bero obo ; xpyruM aycTpBJcKiii 
iHa. PasjiBKa je j Teve, mro cy ce y cjoseBav- 
JBBHa paSBBJaze apBo sfior nepajta noEpajBBcsBx 
wpyre no CHCxeiiy Schulze-Delitzsch bs iipH- 
iilHjaTHBe, MecTo aaxpyra do cHcreHy Raiffeisen. 
locje Aomjio xo ocBHBaHia saApysBiix casesa, 

HBCy BBRaRo npBSBBsajB y obhh opraHtt38ii.fl- 
aJBBCKBX rpasBita, sao inio cy to hhbhjh Apyrs, 
) Bapoaay rpaBBuy jyrocjioBeBCKy, jep je a.»xoB 

cBSao B J ^iJiv&uBJY H y HcTpy, a ocbh Tora 

casesH cy npBHBJH Kao q^aBBite b BapomKe 
Delitzsch) a ceocEe apeiBTBe saApyre (Raif- 
iojt. ApyrHx Bapojia y AytTpaja Objo cy saApjre 
reiia y 3ace(iHHH caeesBiia. 
eBEa cJOBesa^sor sajipjrapciBa je c^oBeBa^EH 
epcEe. Obao ce Bajnpe oceiBjo, ^a uvxe cavo 
)mHo HaQpeAdBaTu, HOJH ce ocjaita Ba cBojy 

cBary b saio ce yBBA^Jio ;ia je chiiodouo& 
3 D0JIBTB4EBS Kao H US eROBOHCKBx pa3Jora. 
;oniAO Befc 1872. roji- ao ocBoaaoa spBe cjioae- 
jjtHTHe saApyre (ORpajaa oocoJHJBuua y Jl^yTO- 
ro H& ocBOsy rBCTeva Schulze-Delitzsch. Y oBaj 
y CG yrjcAaJie B Apyre cjHHHe 3BAP}Te y lUia- 
Cp&KCROj fl KopyfflBoj. Ma Aa ce set roAHBe 

BBHiiBJaTHBy HHaieKepa r. MHxae^a BomaaEa 
BpBB cJioBeBaqxa cases „3aAp}»B& Ssesa" y 



- 61 - 

Il^e^y Kojoj je HHHUHJaTop 6ho BHme oa 25 ro^HBa npe;^- 
ce^HHSOM, HHje ce cjoseHaHKO-BiTajepcKO paApyrapcTBo 
Mor.io noBOAHO pasBHJaTH 36or necKJOBor Apa^^iba iDTa- 
jepcKe noRpajHHCRe Bjia;ie Kao h Apsasne Bssjie. YspoB 
Tpe6a TpasHTH y tom, hito je HBseB^ep r. MHxaeji Bom- 
BbaR HMao y MHorHM CTBapBMa Apyre oorjieAe na sa^py- 
rapcTBo Hero BJiaxa. Ho oh je xoBaqno HuaK h ycneo jua 
Te HorjieAe h H3BeAe y kophct cjoBeHEHKor ^a^pyrapcTFa. 
TeK nocje ro^HHe 1895., KaA je no^eo HaciynaTH cJiasHH 
cjioBenaqsH r jyrocjiOBeHCKH saipysHH opraHHsaTop ;ip. 
Janes KpeK, noqeo je hob «hbot y cJOBeHa^KOH sa^ipy- 
rapcTBy. Y to Bpene cy napoHHTo KonsyMHe 3a;tpyre o6e- 
baBajie bojihbhx ycaexa. Be& ro^HHe 1899. ^onijio je na 
HHHi^HJaTHBy J(p. KpeKE Ao ocHOBa&a Apyror cJOBenaHKor 
sanpyxHor caBesa ^SaApyacea Saesa'^ y JIj;6j&aHH. Taj 
cases nocTao je nocTeneHo sajja^H h npomBpHO je cboj 
AOJioHpyr H Ha ocTaJH cjiOBeHCKH jyr AycTpHje. JI»a^6B 
ce ojaBmaJia peBH3Hja. Kao h npaBHHHso-saciyDBB^KB h 
HH({)opMaTHBHH paA, OBBJ caBes je ypoAHO HeTHpn ceni^Bje 
ca ceAHOiTHHa y IIjeJiOBAy sa KopyooBy, y MapB^opy sa 
niTajepcRy, y Oy^y sa Hcipy h y CnjHTy sa ^ajMauajy, 
AOHHM je HOBqane. nocjioae ofiaB^aJia i;eHTpa.ia y JlDyfid^aHH 
Hs CHJiHTCBe ceKi^HJe pasBHO ce roA* 1907. caMocTajiHH 
3ai(py»HH caaes c hctbm HMeHOM. 

SaApyrapcTBo ce pamnpHjio h y IIpHMopcKOj, rAe 
ce roAHHe 1904. ocHoaao hob caaes boa BMeHOM pFopH- 
MRa saesa rocnoAapcRMx saApyr hh ApyniTea^ y FopHnH. 
^0 Tor cy BpeMOBa i^ojHrH^Re CTpanBe ocTaaBje saApy- 
rapcTBO Ha MHpy, ajH ce AOCRopa npenejia cipaH^apcRa 
6op6a H Ha oao noj&e. IlyHRa CTpanKa (BJiepHsaJiHa), Roja 
je y OBO BpeMe 6Hja jom y aejiHRoj MaKHHH, cTynnjia je 
npeA HapoA c hobhm AeMORpaTCRHM nporpaiiOM, Bone je 



- 62 - 

MorJia npoTycTaBHTH jiH6epaJiHa cTpaHKa cane cBoj 6yp- 
»oacBH nporpaM. CaaKa cxpaHsa je xTeJia HMaTH sa^py- 
rapcTBO Ha cBojoj cxpaHH, aob ce HHJe BejBEH 6po] ea 
BejHKOj jaBHO] CRynmTHHH „3aApysHe SBese** y jhy6jMLBB 
roj(. 1907. H3jaeHH0 sa ny^Ky cTpaHBy THMe, ^a cy opE- 
MHje KaHAHAaTCKy JHCiy oBe cxpaBBe. Taiie je sscTao 
pacaen y cjiOBeHaHsoM sa^pyrapcTBy h JiHfiepaJHe cy sa- 
Apyre o^Max HCTynsJie h3 „3aApysHe Ssese^ h ycTaao 
BHje jom HCTe rd^HHe hob nerBpTB saApysBH caBes no^ 
HMeHOM „3Besa cJiOBencKHx sa^pyr" y Jby6jbaHH. Oa top 
BpeMena cjroBeBa^KO saApyrapcTBO je 6hjio cTporo noAe- 
jieHo no cTpaHEBHa. Ose HCTe roAHBe noqeja je EpB3a 
y cjiOBeHa^KOM saApyrapcTay, Koja HHje HacTaja 36or Tora 
mTO 6h OHO 6hj[0 y caojoj opraHflsaaHjn hjh aocjioBa&y 
HecojiHAHO, Hero kbo napaBna nocjieAHiia Be& neROJiBBo 
roAHHa nocToje&e eKOHOMCKe KpHse y AycTpajH. Ma Aa 
je saApysna xpHsa Tpajajia ao 1912. roAHHe h npHCBJHjra 
BHHie saj^pyra, a napoHHTO BonsyMHHx APyniTaBa bb jtbkbh- 
Aai^Bjy, HnaB ce h sa obo apeiie ocHHBajie noae saApyre, 
napoHHTO seHAOpaAHH^Be, CTO^apcHe h saApyre sa KyoBy 
n npoABJy. Y to speMe ocHoaao ce h MJiesapcEH cTpy^HH 
cases „MjieBapcHa Ssesa^, sao h „rocQOAapcBa Ssesa^ 
sa saApysKHy syoKy h npoAajy na sejiBBo. ^rocnoAapcsa 
Ssesa" je cjrajva npe para neEOJEHBo roAHHa CBor cneuejaji- 
Hor sacTynHHBa y IlapHS. CjEOBeHa^Bo saApyrapcTBO je 
OBOM spHSOM npeiypHJio jaso HCByme&e, a ab nnje 6Bjro 
onpesHHx H cnoco6HHX saApyrapcsBX Bo^a h opraHHsaiopa 
(Kpes, IIlTH6jrep h apO TemBO Aa 6h 6hjo hshhijio tbeo 
HS OBe necpe&e. CaaEaEo je hshhijo Haj6oj&e oa cBHjy 

OCTBJIHX ayCTpHJCBHX. 

CjEB^aH SBApyrapcBH paci^en sao onaj 1907. a^cho 
ce npomjue 3HMe oneT y „3aApyacHoj 3Be3H'* y jby6jbaHB, 




— 63 — 

H TO ck;m y nyqRoj 'cxpaeniH caMOJ, Hsme^y Rpujia J^p. 
UlymTepniHlba h BpHJia ^p. KpeEa. KaHAHAaxcBa JiHCxa 
JI,p. KpeEa je Ha oboh saApysHOM H36opy BejHEe sa^py- 
rapcBe CByamTHHe Ao6BJia orpoMny BetLHHy. Fpyna ^p. 
myniTepmHlka HCTynHJia je na to h3 „3aApyasHe 36636** 
H ocHosaJia hob, neTH saApysHH cases hoa HMeHOM »I],6h- 
TpaJHa Sfiesa*^, Kome je npHCTynHJio oko 100 3a;^pyr2[. 
HacKopo nocjie Tora^ je ^p. IIIymTepniHt ocHOBao CBOjy 
6aHEy noA HMenoM ^HjinpcBa Sansa'S ao^hh je ^p. EpeE 
ocHOBBo „3aApy»By 6aHEy". 06e one 6aHEe ocHOBaHe cy 
c EadHTaJioH oa je^Hor hhjehjohp, EpyBa. CnoM6H}TH Tpe6a, 
Aa cy ce sa Bpeiie oBor nocje^Ker paci^ena jaBHjra ca 
HapoAHe rpaHHi^e (IllTajepcEe, EopyniEe h IIpHMopcBe) 
OA^iy^HH rjacoBH, EOJH cy eneprH^HO TpaxH^H, ^a Mopa 
y sajcpyrapcTBy npecTaTH sa yneR CBaEa cTpana^Ba 6op6a 
jep je OHa no pasBOj sa^pyrapcTBa oa BejBse BsxeTe h 
Aa ce Mopa CBe cjioBOHaqEO saApyrapcxBO OEynHTH y jeA- 
HOM cpeAHHiffieM saApysHOM caBesy, bojh lie OAroBapaTH 

AOMOEpaTCBOM HpHHI^Iiny H ROpBC'BTH ^BTBEOH HBpOAy- 

Ho KOA Tora je h octbjio. 

FoAHHe i912. nocTajajie cy 952 cjiOBeHa^Ee saApyre, 
H TO y KpaBCROj 424, y HlTajepcEoj 254, y KopyniEoj 
35, y TpcTy h oeojhhh 47, y ropH^EO-rpaAHniTaHCEOj 135 
H y HcTpH 56. Ilpeira TOMe je AOJia3Hjio na jeAny saApyry 
1316 CjiOBeHaua (1^09. roA. y HeMa^Roj 2641 CTanoBHHBa 
Ha 1 saApyry, a y Jifincmj 746). Hajjane cy sacTyn^eHe 
KpeAHTHe SBApyre, kojhx je fiBJo 1910. roAHne 543. 
HsBeniTaje sa cxaTHCTHEy jsfljiq je to roAHHe cbmo bhx 
512. Oa thx 3aApyra 6hjio hx je 108 chctomb Schulze- 
Delitzsch, a 404 CHCTena Kaiffeisen. 3aApyre ofiajy ch- 
CTOMa HMaJie cy 164.954 qjana, nocTHrje cy 1,215.556 K 
qacTe ao6hth a Aa.^^ cy 46,604.845 spyHa sajMOBa. Aeo 



— 64 — 

yskevo y o63Hp 6poj ciOBeHaHKor CTaaoBHaniTBa, to bh- 
AHHO Aa je 7- CjoBenaaa 6Hjia 3aua&eHa y obhm 3a- 
-ApyraMa. Aajbe je nocTojajo 1910. roAHHe jom 47 roh- 
syMHHX APjniTaBa ca 6686 HjaHOBa, 274 senjbopaAHBqKsx 
(oA THX 97 MjesapcRHx sa^pyra, oa kojbx cy xaBSJie 72 
CBOje HSBeniTaje h Koje cy nocTHrje npHxox ox 1,930.739 E 
H qHCTy ao6ht oa 64.012 Kpyna) ca 21.312 qjaeoBa h 
29 saHaTjiHJcsHx SBAPjra ca 2316 HjasoBa. BpoJ cbbx 
cjioBeHaqRHX 3a:(pyrapa hshocho je xe roAHHe 195 268 
jbyAn, T. j. fflecTH ^eo cbhx CjroBeHaiia y AycTpHJH. 

Qo caBeBBHa cy ce ^sajpyre j^emjie 1911. roABse 
obbeo: „3aiiipymHa Snesa'' y JbySAaoH Buaia je 642 sa- 
Apyre, n3Be3a cjoBeHCKBx aa^pyr" y jbyC^aBH 160, 
«3aApy3KHa ssesa" y Hejby 136 b ^FopBinKa SBesa ro- 
cno^apcRBx sajpyr bh ^pyniTeB* y FopBi^B 87 Ba^pyra. 
y HCTo Bpeiie (a to je y BpeMe Hajjane RpBse) bbbochjih 
cy peBepBBB ({^ohaobb obbx saApya^EBX caBesa 305.000 K, 
a roABniKB HOB^aHB npoHeT 6bo je BebB oa V4 mbjib- 
japAe. VjiodE saApyra roa caseaa b3hocbjib cy 19 mbjib- 
jofla RpyHa, a saJBOBB casesa saApyrana 18 MBjBJOHa 
Rpyea. ^a.&e je BMajia ^MjneEapcRa sBesa** 37 qjiaflBDia, 
a ^FocnoAapcRa Ssesa^' npeva BBBeniTajy CBOJe CRyDmfBHe 
OA 11. VI. 1906. 1403 qjiaBa, ca 5910 3aApy«BBx Ae- 
jiOBa c RoJBMa je nocTBrja roa roABm&er HOBqaBor npo- 
HeTa OA 70,158.538 Rpyaa, 132.838 Rpysa HBCTe ao6btb 
a CBOJ pesepBBB 4>oba noBe&aJia Ba 94.922 Rpyse. Ocbm 
OBBX oprasBBai^Bja nocTojfl jom cToqapcKB cTpy^BB caBes. 
y cBpxy BB4>opMai];Bja b sa cTpyqse pacnpase BBJsae 
TpB saApyaaa JBCTa, ABa y Jl>y6AaBB a jeAaB y TJfijbj. 

8. SeMJbopaAHMMKe lUKo^e, HosHHe, Apyuirea h ap- 
Crpy^Ba Bao6pa36a cJOBeaaqKor BeMj^opaAflBsa (cejbaRa) 



f 



- 65 - 

nejifiBOJbBB, je, na jia oh ctojh h y tom nor^ejiy sa dHoj 
BHCHHH Eao H QevaHRH aeMAopaxHHK Apyrtox ajncKBx no-> 
xpajHHa. Belk npe pata 6hjih cy saxTe^H kojh cy 6b jh 
cTaBjbeHH cejbaRy TasBH, ^a je oh nojao aKo je xtco 
nocTojaTH xa 3Ha csa MOAepna HCsycTBa arpasyjUType. 
3aT0 cy h cjiOBeHa^KH sevjbopaAHH^xit cTpynBai^B synta^H 
jsfii OBy rpeoiKy HcopaBe TaBO, m,9l xajy cejbasy 6ojbj 
CTpy<iay Hio5pa36y, Roje HBJe Morao ao6hth y mKOJiava^* 
nyTeM HOBHHa, cTpyHHHX jHCTosa h KKHra, nyTyjy&Bx 
yHBTejba, npe^aBa&a. cKynniTHBa, APymiaBa h^. a- SHa^e 
cejbaBa eeiia HHRaRBe xeopHjcRe ocHOBe; sero caiio iipaR- 
TH^Hy, jep cBe mTo asa to je HayHRO oa CBOje OEOJiHBe 
7 Rojoj 3B11BB. Hs OBora ce bhah oa RaRBe BasHocTH je 
6ao pe^eHH p&i npHBaTHe HHHi^BjaTHBe ceAa^iEOH napoj^y 
npHjasHe HHTeJiHreHii;Hje, Eoja je BH^eJia y cbom pajiy 
Haj6ojbe cpe^CTBO 3a y&yxRa&e cej6a?Rcr EossepBaTiiBHSiia. 
PeaydixaTH oBora pa^a noKasaJiH cy ce, h to cauo saTo, 
mTo je cejbaK jBHAeo, Aa HRTejrBreHi^HJa y hcthhh Ao6po 

MHCJIH C &BM H Aft POAH y KefOBy K^pRCT H SBTO mTO je 

ce^abas HMao aacojyTBo noBepeBe y cBOje fls>6fOBOJbne 
yqHTe^e. Bes OBor noeepesba CBe, na h Baj6oj£e Banepe 
6HJe 6if 6e3yei7eniHe. A obo noBepeae je HHTejiBreBABja 
CTeKja THMe, niTo je Bnijia y BapoAi acBBejia c kbm, y^Hjna 
ra H AOKaBaja My jka ne xpaacH HHRaRBe cBoje RopBCTH. 
Mhofh c^OBeHa^EH BHTeJieETyajiiiH craBBJiH cy ce^H y 
saAaLy caMO to ab oja'iajy HapcAHo (ceAa^Eo) 6jiaro- 
CTaBbe, aeroBy npaspeAy h H.eroB Ayx, Aa na Taj Bsmisn 
nocTane ^Bpm&H h ja^H sa oxnop h oA^paBy cbojbx bh- 
Tepee:-. 

Kao niTo je Bei pe^eno cxpyqHa Hao6pa36a seMJbO- 
paAHHEa je HeAocTaTna. Y ochobhoj hirojih, y Eojy Mopa 
nojaiHTH OA ^). — 1 4. TOAHse, nay^Ho je Majio sa cboj 

% 



_ 66 - 

xyliH no3HB. Ako BBje nete bh^Iibbjiii poxhtfab, 
iioa My je flao6pa36a bk jexsoj ox TpBJy cjoBeaa^xiz 
■AopajBH^EBX uiKoxa (Fpii J Ep&H>cio}, I&T. Jyp y 
[Taiepcsoj a FopBua y IIpBifopCKO}) HeMoryka. Jexaaa 
yiiapcsa niKOJa Koja boctojb y HxpBJB nocekBBaea je 
. orpaHKieHor 6poja ^aju, xojn Hxy ao c»paieB0H 3-fo- 
[maea jUKOJiOBa&y y xpsaBae myiicxe qyaape, a sa 
xa^Bo myvapcTBO ocrajy Ces CBase Bopacia. Beky epeji- 

ICT HHajy DpBBaTBB B OX nOEpajaBCKBZ OXGopa OCBOSaBB 

laorpax&pcsB, jBBaiapcKR a BokapcKB aypceBB, aia ubb 
ler caifo sa one Kpajeae, rxe ce oxpxaBajy. Mbotb 
.&a<!SH cHHOBH uoxasc H aeifAopaxsaqRe BejBie iDEoje, 
ji OHH npejiase nocje CBprneaBx msoja y jaBoy cjyxtSj 
[H y cjysfiy BejBEOr oocexa a ry6e tbh BasBOCT y 
•rxeny cipyiHe aaoCpasfie caHocTaiaor seuAopaxBBBat 
[leua TOae HBJe cexaK y iiexaBB BMao ox cBBJy ntiojia 

cBoj nosHB BKEatEBe KopBCTB. To BCTo je 6ajio B ca 
3BCK0H cTpyqaoic H3o6pa36oii. DocTojaie cy caao xse 
jHCEe seHJbopaxBBiEe mnue (mEOJe sa xoMBfiHue), Koje 

Horxe DocebHBatH odrt caao i^epse Bay&BBJBX jyoa 
ocTaJie laKD 6e3 yajiasa Ba ocTaje. 

JI,oK cBe jasae niE<ue b ycTaaose aacy aaaje bb- 
XBOV yTBitaja Ba 3Haae, Eoje je TpeCaio ce-basy, aaao 

pax jesHor xe-ia cxoBeBa<]Ee uBTeaBreBiiBje Baapexaor 
:HUBa, jep ra je oea Tpasaja aa seroBOif ni'^y a y 
jroBoj Ky%«. OcBBBajM cy ce h H3Aa.BajH jcijitbbb 3eiiA>- 
jiaaqSH crpy^aa jihctobb, eojb cy pacnpapjbaja sea-KO- 
.XBHBiTBO y uexHHB H HO H>eroBBH 3acel5aBH rpaaaaa, 
fljio ce ce^aBa, ofiaBemraBajo ra ce a bbboxb^o sa 
i3HHmAaH>e a Boayee bobhx BcaycTaBa. IIoiBTB^Ke 
paBKe cy asjiaBajie jei|)TBBe ce^anse noBHse b CasBze 
xaesBBH 3eHA0paAaa9KHa BBiaibBHa. HeKe ox ^xx 



— 67 — 

nocTHFJie cy aa CjOBeHrte (1 V* MH«HjoHa Ajmsi j AycrpHJH) 
bbjIhr 6poj npeTHjaTHHsa (^^oifOAyfi^ 60.000, ^^GjoBeBCRU 
FocnoAap" w ,CjoBeHCKH Jlfiu^ no 45.000). 3eMjbopa;i- 
HHqRe BKHre HS^aje nMoxopjeBa Apys6a'* CEase roAHHe 
no je^Hy, y sojHMa ce onncyjy seHJbopaAHHHKe rpane bo^ 
fcyke H KOA ApyrHx Hapo^a, ynosopyje Ha BeAoeTaTse, 
pacnpaB^ajy seiubopaAHHHKa OHTa^a, MOAepaa HCsycTBa, 
MamHHe, pasjHHHe nacMHRe h t. a. 

Ji^Ajbe cy OA BeJiHse BaseocTH seiT^opf ABH^Ke aP3 s6e, * 
KojHX je 3a cjioBenaHRe seM^&e qeTHpn, a HSAasajy TpH 
cjipBeHa^Ea seMjbopaAHHHRa cTpyqna jvhctb. Oa obbx 
Apysfia je najcTapBja oHa y jby6ibaHH, Koja ce. (asBBJia 
OA roAHHe 1693. ocHOBaHor APyniTBa „Acadeiiiia Opero 
sorum* y jby6j&aHH h Boja ke 6yAyfee roAHHe (1918.) 
cjraBHTH CBOjy 150-roABinibHi^y. OBe Apya&6e paAe 8a 
BeMAopaAHHinTBo h Hay^HOM npaany, aor ocTajia o6HqBa 
deicjbopaAHHHRa ApyniTBa paAe y HacTaBHOM h npaRTB^BOM 
DpaBi^y. Jifl, 6h ce Morjo cejbaRa h npaRTH^BO noyqaTH 
fia EberoBOM noiby h jiHBaAH h y BHHorpaAy, yBeAeHH cy 
BeHAopaAHEHRH nyTyjjlkH yqHTejbH, BHHorpaAapcR? h jdh- 
BEAapcRH HaA30{»nH]](p. Ochm Tora OApasaBajiH cy obh y^H- 
"tejbvi 111 HaA3opHHi^H, Rao H 6ojbiiL seMibopaABHiiH jaBHa 
npeAa^aBa h Rypceae. Ha laj sa^BH Bay^ao je mhofb 
cJioBeHa^RH ce.saR seifAopaAHBHio sKBroBOACTBo, ROje ce 
Be& MHoro yaoTpe6AaBa. 

OBanaB oAroj hjih ynpaso noiio^, BBje Morjia ocTaxH 
($63 ycnexa, sapo^HTO He saxo jep BHje cej&aEa HHrnxa 
CTajajia hjih 6ap Maio, a oh je 6ho ysepen, Aa vy ce 
xolie QOHO&H H y6jiasHTH 3Jie nocjieABi^e Roje cy nacTa- 
jaje B3 HecpeliHe noi^enaHocTB aeroBor HMaaaf Roje ce 
HHJe Morjio — 6ap y oho BpeMe — yRJioHHTH. 



B. PyAapcTBo, saHar n NHAycTpNJa. 



npBH noqeTiKH pydapcmea cHsy jom Baxpar y 
cpeAKH Bes, Raj( cy ra BpmHJH neiia^RH BOJOHHCTe: y 
aJiacKOM AeJiy cjioBeHa^KBx sena^a AHSajia ce hCbox sev^e 
seAesHa-pyAAi Koja je onpaBjiaja oncTaaaK jeno paa- 
BHJeH6 se^esHe HHAycxpBje. y obhm cTojte&uMa nossa- 
Baio ce Be& h pyAHHse ojiosa h aocHTpa y KopyniRoj h 
UlTajepcKoj, HO Aaaac nocToje oa khz jom ohh y Kopy- 
maoj. PyAOKon shbo y Haphjh aocTojao je Beb y XIY. 
BeKy na ce o^p^ao fienpeKHAHo ao Aanac, BaA je nocTao 
3a AjMaABHOM APyrH Qajee&M cbotcbh pyAHRR SHBe. 
PyAapcTfio je aoiii:io ao 6oj&'er pasBoja h HHTeesBBBiije 
AeJiaTHocTH tbr ca ycTaHOBAeibeM ,Tp6oBeACRe npeiibro- 
Ronee Apy»6e" („Trifeiler Kohlenwerksgesellschaft* 
T. 1872.), „AjinHHCHo-MOHTaHCRe ApyaCe" („ Alpine Mon- 
taa Gesellschaft") „njiH6epfflRe pyiapCHe yHaje" (Blei- 
berger Bergwerksunion" r. 1871), „KpaH»cKe HHAy- 
cipHjcKe Apy«6e" (^Krainische Industrie-Gesellschaft*). 

FoAHHe 1910. nocTojajo je y CjiOBeHa^ROj 141 
MOBTaHHCTHHRO opeAysete, ^) oa rojbx je 36 paAHJO a 
105 HBJe. KoA THX 36 pyAORona HSBaAHJio je 11.239 
saaocjreHHX paAHHRa 3a 19,276.203 apyne pyAa h yrj&eHa. 



^) Jahrbuch des oesterr. Ministeriums fuer oeffentlich« Ar- 
beiten 1910.: Statistik des Bergbaues (KBHra I., II. h III.) 



■*: t ■ 



5r 

t 



- 69 - 

OaMO y je;i[HOH oj^ thx pyABHKa Ba^HJio ce AeJtHMHUo aa 
caMOj noBpmHHH seMi^, aoum cy cbh Apyra 6hjh nox 
seafibOH. Qo pyxaiia MapoBaJo je 5 6aKpeHBx npeAysefca, 
ox sejieaHHX je jexae paxHO a 8 hx je MHpoBaxo, ox 
ojiOBHHx je paxHJO 9 a 34 HBpoBajo, ox EOCBTpeflHx cy 
MMpoBaja 2, ox aHTHMOHOBEX je paxBO 1 ar2 cy MBpo* 
Baja, ox ajyMHHHjeBBx npexjse&a MHpoBaia cy 2, ox 
MaHranoBHX 1 je paxHo a 3 cy MHpoBaxa, ox skhbhhhx 
pyxoKona hcto xaKo, ox yrjbeaHx cy 23 cue^er yrxeaa 
paxHJia a 43 MRpoBaja, xohhm cy (<x KaMeeor yrx^eHa 
nocTojajia 2 aJH o6a HHcy pa^^xa. 

JexHHH pyxoKon sexesHe pyxe kojh je paxso 6eo 
je OHaj y BexHsoj h Majoj njiaHHHH rox KaHHHBa y 
KpaH»'!Eoj, rxe ce HSBaxHJio 1910 ca 2 ^oeeRa 400 q 
pyxe y BpexHociH ox L600 Kpyaa, Pyxa ce ynoxpefiHxa 
y Esrjiecsoj h HeMa^Roj sa npaBAe&e npamka sa ^h- 
Hi]^e]Bbe. 9 RopymKHx pyxHHRa 6hxo je y JEejesBoj EanjbH, 
Pa6j&etf, njiH6epRy h Cfinsiiy, rxe je 2800 paxeHHRa 
BSBai^Hjio 66.979 q pyxe y BpexHOCTH ox 3,301.975 Bpyna. 
^Kyra oxoBHa pyxa HSBosHxa ce y ReMEqae 4)a6pHRe y 
EarjiecRoj h Hesia^Roj h ynoTpefijbasaxa ce 3a ())a6pHRa- 
i^«jy MOJHfixeHOBHx npenapaTa. 0:hh ojobhhx pyxa m- 
BaxH^o ce y obhm pyxoRonHMa jom 29L870 q uhhbobbx 
pyxa y BpexBocTH ox 1,1913.869 Rpyaa. Ox obc pyxHH^Re 
> npoxyRiiHje OTnaxajio je na xp^aBHe pyxBHRe 50*41 7o- 
JexHHB aHTHHOHOB pyxHHR y TpojaHH (EpaKCRa), ROX 
Rojera paxH 9 JbyxH, Aao ja 1750 q pyxe y BpexHOCTH 
ox 1750 Rpyna. UpomJie roxHHe (1916.) Hamxo ce y 
Mhphh (KpaKCRa) hobhx SMa aHTHHOHOBe pyxe. PyxHHE 
MaaraHOBe pyxe y BHryHinHHn;fl (EpaBCRa) je BJiacHHinTBo 
„EpattCRe HHxycTpBjCRe xpy»6e" h xaje c ynocaeHa 22 
qoBeRa 16.755 q naHranoBe pyxe y BpexHOCTH ox 23.457 



- 70 - 

Oaa ce pyjia yiiOTpe<S.&aBa y afljaBSHna" (ne&H 
teae ae^esHBX prxa) RCie APyxtie y TpcTj. Pyjt- 
iBfl y Haphjh (KpaKCia) je xpsaaHM saBoji. Osaj 
ynocjyje 997 pajiBBRa koJh cy „B84)HApa^H'' 
90 q iWBoCpOBe py^e y BpesaocTH ox 2.373 630 
Ox 23 npexysefca hb cHe^ yrjbes (opevor, npe- 
1, npeHoroBBKK), kojb paxe omaxA 1^ oa cjose- 
xeo niTajepCKe, 3 sa cjoBeHaisB leo EopymBe, 
jQBeHa9Bfl xeo npBHOpCB« B 11 Ha RpaacKy. y 
:iOBeRa<iKHH xe^osHHa nocroJB 9 peBBpa ciie^r 

H TO : 1) JlamKH Tpr-XpacTHHK Tp6oBAe-3arop}e, 
ije, 3 ) II,e£e, 4.) OrpaBHiie-KoaHiie, 5.) PajzeH- 
lexBne, 6.) JLo(Shhk, 7.) QIt. JaHs, 8.) Eo<)eEJe h 
maH-BHHein. HajBe&H neo npoxysipje ciie^r 
npHiiax& BTp6oBe£CRoj npeHoroRonBoj xpy- 

QHJH paxeHHi^R cy BSBaxHJH 11,636.920 q 
. Gbh yrJbeHOBOOH yMaiB cy sanocjeBBx 7403 pa- 
, a HSEaxHJH cy 14,101.104 q yrjbena, h to V* 
El H '*/n cBCTior, cBe y BpexHOCTH ox 11,699,222 
H3B03HJO ce 914.425 q y XpBRTCEy h 191 944 q 
iBJy. C jrAeHOKonoM y Bexeiby y sesB je TBop- 
pHEera, Koja npOHSBOXB ca 12 paseHBKa 43.815 q 
B H 1379 q xarHBTOBor KOKca y BpexHociH ox 

Kpyna. 

[ajBe&H xeo xo(5HBeHiix pyxa HCRopBSiiTaBa ce b y 
k^KBH 3eHjbaHa Ha KOBHHe (iieTaAe). FoxHHe 1910. 
) CBera 10 npexyselia sa xo^HBase bobbbb hs 
r KOjBHa je paxBjio 1399 paxeflHRa. HajBele ope- 

cy nHJiaBaEH" ,KpaaCEe HHxycTpHJcse xpyKfie" y 
c BojHiia ey y sesH b ROKcapse, y KoJMva paxH 
;iHHEa. Obxc ce npoHSBOXHJO 901.030 q cspoBor 
I y Bpe;iHocTH ox 9,185.300 Kpyaa. Pyxe Boje cy 



71 - 



ce oue yooTpefiRJie (1,893.1^0 q) cse cj AOJasHJe 
H&ocTpaHCTsa, ocBH Befa noxeayTHX HaeraBOBux py^a 
KpaB>cKe. Jlpyro Hajse&e apeA)3e&e je AP^aBoa tbophh 
BOcBTpa y UfiAy, Koja je ynoTpeOajia 97.783 q eochti 
HHx pyjia Ha aP'^bhof pyAHExa oiOBoe pyxe y Pa6j6y 
K3 OBHZ pyAa xo6hjio ce y osoj tbophhkh ca 241 pa^ 
HHKa 35'9?1 q RocHTpa xao EOBune y BpeAHOCTH 
2,011. 144 Kpyea. UoiosHiia oBora KOCHTpa ynoTpeCa 
oe y AycTpHJH, a Apyra noJtoBBita ce HSBosHja y m 

CTpaaCTBO. CjHIRBX TBOpHHUa 3a OJOBO ODCTUJaJO je 

OA ROjHX je KHX 6 (5BJI0 y KopymRoj h 1 y KpancK 
Kopymse TBopHnae BpoHSBoAHJe cy ca 220 paAeaHRa 
139.165 q ojoBHe pyAe 9^.213 q ojobs sao EOBBse 
BpeAfioi'TB OA 3,383 626 Rpyna. V tbopbhkb o.ioBa 
JlaraJH (Kpaacaa), Chjo je sanoaieHo 93 paAenHica, r( 
cy Aotix-iH H3 83.480 q ujobbb pyAe 19.557 q OJOBa B 
KOBHHe H TO RBo TjaBBH DpoBSBOA B 1&'5 q cpeCpa B 
KOBHHe H TO BEo ysrpeAHH DpoB3BOA y yEyDHOj Bp( 
HOCTE OA 844004 EpyBs. 

Ombo ce ynoTpe6H.io y AycTpo-yrapesoj y TBopi 
i{aMa 6e.ie oaobhc 6oje, TBOpsaiiaiia HeBHre (itp'BeH n{ 
maK H3 Kojer ce opasH itpBfHa 6oja kojou ce hscii 
sejeao ua p^O ^ TBopBHUaua caiaHa, a ojoBBa h^-"' 
Apa" (Aposra) Koja ee AofiHua Rao ysrpeAHH npoAyET 
Eoja caApsaea uauro MOJHiSAeBa, BSBOSHJa ce y Gar^ec 
H HeHaqBy- Hs pyAe AoAHBeee y pyAOBRy y Hapbjh h] 
H3B0AHJI0 ce y TBopHHOB xHBC y HCTOH uecTy ca 2 
paAeHHBa 602,721 kg sHBe y speAHOCTH oa 3,423r4 
Epyaa. Oa oee XHse npeA&Ao ce cavo 40.000 kg tbo 
HHi^H iiBHo6pa y Haphjh, a ociajia sHBa je (SHJia rocja 
y rjiasHo cTOBapHitiTe y Be?. IJ^eAORyuBa speAHufT b\ 
R^BOAae CBHjy TsopBHita sa AOf^HBafte kubbbb h3 py 



-12 - 

HSBocHJia je (1910.) y cjOBeea^KHH aevAaiia 18,847 579 
Kpyna. 

7 cjioBeHa^KHU noRpaJHaaiia nocTOjsjio je 1900. rb- 
jiji^d 16 318 AosBOJia 3a Tpasefte pyAa. ,7 10.944 cjiy- 
^aja TpasHo ce yr^eH, y 565 rpa({)BT, y 906 acejieso, y 
2021 OJIOBO H KocHTap, y 428 fiasap, y 434 naHraB, y 
58 cyHirop, y 122 SHBa, y 13 apcea, y 459 CayKCHT 
(aJiyMHHHjeBa pyxa), y 231 sjiaio^ y 120 anTHMOH, y 16 
ojioBHa py^a ca cpe6poH u y 1 cary^ajy Ha4)Ta. PyAapcBHM 
QpeAyselLBHa OAMepena noBpniHBa asBocH^a je (1900.) 
eBera 26.0791 ha, oa kojhx je noceAOBaja Apsaka 332 3 ha, 
a 183 "lipHBaTfla noceABHsa 25.746 8 ha. 

Cfi.a oBa npeAyse&a cJiOBeaaqKor xepBTopBJa ocbo- 
BaAB cy HeMaHRB QpeAy3BHaqB c aeHa^BBM KanuiajoM. 
yapasa CBBjy obbx npeAyse^a (b ApsaBBBx) noTn?BO je 
fleBa^Ra. CAoeeBUB Bucy Mor.SB y^ecTBoi^aTH y OBOj npo- 
AyRn,HJB Kao npeAysBMa^B, jep cy xao nojeAHBUB saoB 
TajiBCTB<iRH jom npecj[a6B, a CjiioBeBa?Kf{ BOB^asB saBOAB 
cy jeABa nonejiH Aa acHBy npaaBM »(H6otom; 

y noneTKy XIX. BCKa 6bo je caa sanam (o6pT) y Cjio- 
Beea^Roj 6e3 HsyserRa BenaqaB, jep ce pasBBo b3 seRaja- 
KBK HeiiaqKBK KojEOHBCTa. IloniTo ce saflaT oRynjbao^y 
rpaAOBBMa h saponiBuaMa a obb cy 6bjIb BeHa^EB, mio 
ce.y HeRBM c^ynajeBBMa oAP^ajio h ao Aaaac. KaA ce 
ce.saKy npBSHajto npano aacJiofioABO RpeTaQ>e^) mbofo je 
MjiaABx jbyAB oTBBiJiio y Bapom,. a& sayne rojb saaaT. Hs 
•OBBX B KHxoBBx HacjieABBKa pasBuo ce RaAap cjioBeaaq- 
RHX . ^aaaTjEHJa, rojb cy a^^^bmb^bo Benra^Re BasaTJiBJe 



') Ao roAHfle 1848. ce^aK 6e8 0A06peBa cnaxBJe BBJe CHeo 
BanymTaTH cBoje HHaBe, BnTir cy BProsa Aeiia CHejia nocraTH niTo 
Apyro Hero sett^opaABBS. Osaj saKOH je yseAee jom jeAaa ayT 
AQUBHJe, a AosBojie cy Aasaiie ApaKasae BJiacTH. 



r- 



*- 73 - 

HCTHCHyjH/ a JUBMUfLHEO HX fl])HCUJBJIH M CO DOCJIOBeBe. 

HoJiaBo je HeiiaqKH SHa^aj saeaTa Bm^esaBao h Be& oko 
1880. ,6m ja je KpaBCRa oHHffl&eea. Oaaj ce npoiiec ps^ 
BpmaBao Ra eapoAHOj FpaHHaH cse noiaranHJe (sa jysHoj 
6pse Hero xa ceBepaoj). 

HajBe&H fifio CJioBBHa^Bor BaBaxa je cxajian, t. j. 
BesaH Ha uecro npoHSBOjiibe, r^e ra Mopajy DOTpaSHTH 
fteroBe uyniTepHJe. Mhofh saBaTJBje ynoipefijBaBajy Be& 
ji^yse BpeiceHa y cbojbm pajiHOHHiiava HamBBe ca HOTop> 
HOM HJH AyACBOH cBaroH, Rao n. np. cToJiapH. mecapit h 
Bo6acHqapH, .aeKaps, 6paBapH, KOBa^H, o6y1^apB, Bpoja^H, 
KO»apH, KKHPOBese h t. a. 

Oa CTBJiHor (BapoBiKor) saeaia pasjiHRyje ce ceocKH 
saHaXn Koja ce Mo»e BaaBBaTu h nyTyjy&BM saBBTOM, j^p 
HBua CBor CTajiHor Mecxa^ Heio ?aHaTJMJa pa^B caMO koa 
ce^aKa Ba aouj h nyxyje oji jeAHor ao Apyror. DoHaj- 
BHme cy to Kpoja^H h o6}&apH, Bena^ia h TKajiaH (abbbc 
HX BBme HeMa) rojh H;iy ie^oa ce^bana na ^mTHpy" (y 
AHesHH saHBTCRH pBA). Kao oBaKaB nyxyjy&B aaBax Mose 
ce CHaTpaTH h „ pemexapcTBO*' (Hspa^RBaibe pemera, 
CHxa H T. A«) BOJM je yjeAHO h Ry&HH saaaT n „ApoTap- 
CTBo'S ROJBM ce 6aBe Cjoaa^H. AoMa&B o6pT hjih Ry&Ha 
HHAycTpaja BpniH ce hoa cejbaRa y cjio6oaho spene (y 
shmh) h cjiyaKH iiy Kao yarpeAHB npBxoA. Ga/ cbojhm hb- 
paAE(H.Ma n;Tyje oh no caJMOBUua bjb oa Ry&e ao Ky&e, 
TA^ HX upoAaje. Ha OBaj AOMabH o6pT hjh Rybny HHAy- 
cTpHJy fiaHJiasH ce caHo y cTasoBHTHM RpajesBMa a Bspa- 
^yje pemexa, CHTa, apbbho op;|e (rpafijbe, ApaeHe BHJie 
sa ceno, APBene Jionaxe 3a cHer, «hto h fipaniBO, „Tono- 
pHjnba'' X. j. Apacajra sa ceKupe^ uoxBRe, jronaxe h Biuie, 
H T. aOi laqRajiHiie h apbcho nocy^e y okojhhh PHfiBHiie 
y RpaHiCRoj, tab ce Hspa^yjy JieoB BBpe3yB;BaBH ApBeflH 



- 74 - 

m sa xje6 h QpocTH sa Heco, mxunfi, BB^foiKe h t. a-; 
& niexKBa (KomapRire, EomesB, n^eieHa yspacB, 
>HD njereHO noEy&CTBO 8a epTOBe, sepaHAe, aopria 
ra KynaTHJa h t. h.) r c^aiiaaiiH (oa BaJDpocTBJiix 
j4)HHH}Bx nOirardi" h nDaaaHa" cjavKaBB) y obo- 
Kpana h Aovsaja y KpsBCRoj ; qa&ia H BOTROBHiie 
neje, iiJOHBite sa bojobc, KosaqBH ^bbjb, jaxH we- 
BJHHOBB 3a sejeaHHHse TpaiBBi^e y EponH B %e- 
ilBwa J EpaacEOj ; nanKe, Koje ce HSBose npeio 
e, HevaqBe, Bejmje a y Docjiejin.e Bpeiie h AHpeKTHO 
iHuyCEy, y okojhhh HApBJe, nJarHO y okojhbb 
pje lOKe H y IIo.baHCKOj iojhbh a a6yka y JfiapOB' 
[ojbbb (ceja ^o6pa<ieHo, ^apB, HoBa b Orapa sac 
lo) r^e cy ce obh cejbami yApysBJs y saxpyry h 
ijy paAOBe caico jom sa sejHso. 
CjOBeHaisa Je nOAeAena aa verapa ofipxae (saBaT- 
HBcneaitBje, Koje cy oner noApeJeHe iieaTpajiBoi 
oj aflcneBUBja y UBaacTapcTBy TproBane. 38;isfea je 
BaASopaanrEaBB ype^BBa^e cnopaax naiaaa asiiely 
loiw paAa (pa;[BaKa) a AftB^oQa P^a (rasAO) aaA3op 
ax npeAyse&a 36or SBrajeHCKHX, TexBB^Kax a Apy- 
iponaca a saniTaTa paA«BaKa. Obb aacneKBBJCEB 
a ODceacy I) Aoay a cpeAmy IIlTajepcKy, 2) Ropy- 
3) Rpamcky r 4) ropat^, FpaABaiEy, TpcT h ospyr 
pcKB. y oBa 4 OKpyra 6Bja je 1903. roiaae'): 
2 o6pTHKx npeAyse&a, qaja paAeHuna vopajy Cbtb 
paaa npoTBB aesroAa (AejaaaqaB uamBECEB pax) b 
'BOpaaqKRx o6pTBRx DpeAysefca y KOjaiia je i5hjio 
eaax 68.000 ^yAH (51.955 HymRHx paAeaHsa a 
5 xeacBBx paAeRBRa). IIo BpcTuNa DocTOjaJia cy y 

') Bericht der k, k. Gewerbe-inspektoren f. d. Jabr 1903. 



■*c: 




— 75 — 

OBHH oKpysHMa OA ocerypaHBx o6pthbx (h tbopbh^bbx) 
npexyseka osa: o6pT npBOTHe npoA7Riai]e*12 oeHrypasHX 
o6pTHBX (h 4 TBopHHHRa), npoBSBOAiba KOBBBa B3 py^a 
8 (h 8), H&AycTpHja KaMer a, rJiB^e, seMJbe h CTaKjia 1764 
(h 110), npepa^HBa^e EOBHHa 596 (h 92), apoB3Bo;q&a 
CTpojeBa, anapaia, BHCxpyiieHaTa h TpaHcnopTBBx cpeA- 
CTasa 119 (h 58), Qpepa]^HBafte Apsa 3513 (h €9), npe* 
paj^BBaBe Koasa, mqeTHHa, BJiacH, nepa h ApyrHX cjehhshx 
npejUfeTa-222 (h 36), TeRCTHJHa HHJiycTpBja 80 (h 51), 
TaaeTapcBH o6pT 45» HBAycTpaja oAe&e h hoabbx npeA- 
Me'^a 40 (a 21), HHAycTpHja nannpa 112 (h 103), bbat- 
CTpBja SHBOTHHX HaMHpHHaa 2051 (h 139), KeUHHHa 
npoHSBOA&a 181 (b 86), rpa]^eBBuapcTBo 2050, rpa4>HHR0 
o6pTH 71 (h 42), aeHTpajie sa BpoBSBo^Ky cnara, orpesa 
H ocaeue&a Hi (b 36), ecoaacKa TproBHsa 345, npo- 

MOTBH otfpTH 1170 H OCTBJH 06pTH B npOHBBOAHe rpaHB 

32. OcBM oBBx Hua jooi o6pTa, HBJH paAHBiiB Mopajy 
6htb ocBrypaHH caMo sa cjiy^aj 6ojiecTB (npexyse^a fea 
MamBBa). 

GaaKH o6pTBBK (saaaTjiHja) Mopa ^a je cTpy^so 
CDpeMaH ^oBeR. Ilpe aero niTO nose BpniHTB caMOciajiflo 
CEO] o(5pT, Mopa ^a a^e obhm nyTex : Eao aajHafte 14- 
TojiMmmn MOHaa no^BH>e y^eme sanaTa Kao „Baj«Hen;" 
(merpT) boa Rojera oa BjacTH npasHaTor srajcTopa. JI,o6a 
o6yKe Tpaje o(5hhho 3—5 roABHa. Tpaja^y h o ycjo- 
BBMa aoj, BojHMa MajcTop merpia ifpHna, aanpaBH ce koa 
o6pTfle BjacTH nBCMeaa yroaop, y KOMe ce oApeAH Aa jih 
ie HajcTop merpTy rnxo njaTBTH hjih oCpaTBo. EaA je 
Ao6a nrerpTose o6yRe nponura, oh Hopa Aa AO]^e c jeA- 
HHM caHOCTaJiHHM paAOM npeA jeAsy oa najcTcpa h no- 
Ho&HBfca (BaJi4>a) caciaBjbeHy EOHBCBjy aa hcdbt. Ha 
ocHOBH npeAJKoaceaor paia h ycMeaor HcnBTa merpT a<>' 



1 



- 76- 

($Hja Hjm yBepe&e 3a roMoliBHKa hjh ny ce oxpejiH join 
HeKo BpeMe sa AaiKy o6yfty. Upe aero Moase noKO&HHK 
nocTaxH caMOCTaJiaB MajcTop Tpe6a My jom najcropeEH 
kcBHT, Qocjce Kojera Ao6HBa cBeAO^Gy sa uajCTopa. Ha 
ocHOBH CBeA0H6H sa noMo&BHBa H sa MajcTopa Kao h bbj- 
ueme TporoAHm&e npaRce noMohHHB nose aoObtb AosBOJiy 
sa caMOcrajHo Bprne^e o6pTa. 

Cbjibu merpT Mopa bI^h y merpTCKy mKOJiy — bko 
oBaRa y Toaf spajy boctojh. y oBasBBM niKOJiaMa noxy- 
^asajy y^RTe^H ochobbhx iHBOJia h to y Bene. MajcTop 
He CMe merpxa 6e3 AO^BOjie poABTejba ynoxpef ^aBaTii* sa 
APyrH pan Hero y cbom o6pTy. Y obhm Be^epBHM Kypce- 
BHHa HacTaB^a ce noy^aBasie y pa^yBa&y, DHcaH>y b 
nipTaay, y?H ce KBBroBOACTBO, no3BaBaH»e sbeobb, Tpro* 
eaHKHx o5Hqaja h t. a- jD[paBe cxoBeHa^Ke o6pTee (saHar- 
jiBjcBe) niBOJie HBje 6bjio cBe ao rojiBse 1910., kba ce 
ycTaHOBHJia y Jby6jbaHH . npsa cjiOBeBa^Ea oOpiBa iBRoJia. 
Ha OBOj ce bikojih y^HJio Befc 1910. ro^BHe npeKo 30 paa- 
jrH^HHX CTpyKa. Ilpe Tora 6hjio je y cjoBeBa^KHM Kpaje* 
BBMa ca»o HeMaHKHx h nxajiBjaHCBBx 66pTBflX mKOJia. 

Kao cneuHajiHTeTH y o6pTy Baace boa CjoroBeHaii^a 
rpia^eBBHapcTfio, EaMeao pe36apcTBo, SHjiapciBo ii}Tesa e 
EaiieiHx HocTOBa, MecapcTBO h neBapcTBO. GjiOBeBaii ca 
Kpaca (Kpaxesei^) cacBBM ce npHJiaroABO cBojoj KaMeBoj 
OKOJHHH H saTo je Haj6ojbH rpajiHTeA. Aeo Be& npe^y- 
seie caMO HHje cjOBenaHKo, „noj!Hp** T. j. Boja paw ch- 
rypHo je KpameBen;. KaMenopesCapH, SH^apM nyTeBa a 
EaMeHHx HOCTOBB OQeT cy EpameBiiH. Haj6c^ii necapa b 
neKapH cy HB inxajepcEe. 

CpaKH o6pTHHB Mopa ce npe Hero hito sano^ee CBOJ 
paA, ynacaTH Eao ^jiaH y cxpy^ny sa^pyry oHor cyA- 
cKor cpesa y Kome BaiiepaBa HSBpniHEaTH cBoj o6pT. Obc 



— 77 - 

3a;(pyre (ecHa4)H) 6aBe ce HSBpinaBaibeif KOHTpoje hba 
merpTHMa h noMolLHHi^Hiia, Koje TpeCa cse eoa sa^ipyre 
jaBHTH H HacTynajy xao caBeTHui^ hojibtbhkbx bjbctv. 
CBasa o6pTHa expyKa ana no cyACEBK cpesoBima cBpjy 
CTBHOBCicy SBApyry. y cpesoBHira r^e je rojh o6pT cja6o 
sacTynaH yxpysyje ce y saApysH ca cpoASBii o6pTHiia. 
Cse sa^pyre je^Bor OKpyra cnajiajy boa sasoHCKy kob- 
Tpojiy o6pTHor pe({>epeBTa nojiHTH^Re sjacTH, a y sacry- 
nafty h pacnpaB,&a&y crpyHHBx nBiaiba TproBa^Eoj h 

06pTH0} 36opHHim (BOKOpB) KOJBX HMB «EeTBpH, a BO OB- 

cery khx^buf TepflTopejaJiHor ^ejoppyra cy HAeflTB^ne 
c ORpysHMa o6pTHBX HHCaeRi^BJa. TproaaHRBM h o6ptbbm 
36opBHi](aHa BpHuaAa Bcia yjiora npaiia BORpajBBCRBM 
Bjai^axa, Rao bito sai^pyra spaii cpecEHM BjacTBifa. Oa 
CBHx OBEX qeTHpn 36opBHiia, caMo OBa y Jl)y6.&aBH je y 
HCTHBy sacTyaajia BBTepece cjioBeBa^Ror ofipia, aor cy 
DA ocTajiHx ABe y BeicaqRBM (Fpa^ieB; h I^ejOBen) h jeAsa 
y BTaJiHJaBCEHM pyBana (TpcT). 36or obbx pa3Mepa aa- 
CTajo je y no^eTRy osor A^ceTJie&a y cjioBCBaHROM ^ejiy 
niTajepcRe osfiHAan BORpex sa CBOjy cjoBeEa^Ry Tpro- 
Baqxy h o6pTBy sOopsBi^y y U^e^y bjih MapB6opy, boa 
recjoM „npoq oa FpaAna**, jep ce 36opBBiia y FpaAuy 
BOAHJra cacBHM y HeiraHRO nai^HOBajiBOM cuBCJiy. Opaj no 
RpeT 6ho je Bja^H BenpBjaiaB, ua je cbbrh pasrosop o 
BOBoj cjioBesa^Roj sfiopflBi^H 0A6BJia. 3aT0 ce ycTSBOBBO 
y Ji:)y6jb9iUE BeJHBB cj^oBesaHRB o6pTBH caBes, rojh ce 
BHje o(^a3Bpao sa noEpajBBCBe rpaEHiie b oncBdao cbojbm 
AeJOBBBSM HHTaey CjnoBeBa^Ry. 

Jl^a 6b ce o6pT Horao 6ojbe OA^paBBTB oa TBopsHqEe 
KOBRypeBiiHJe ycTanoBBje cy BojeABBO o6pTBe CTpyse 
CTpynae ga^pyre 3a sajeABH'oco RynoBSBe a apo^ajy. Thmo 
cy aocTHrjie boa RyaoBBKa se&Bx ROJiBHana cBpoBBaa 



78 



\ 



nQBo.&BH}e i^ene, a koa npo^aje oaeT BHme. Ochm thx 
ycTaHOBiue cy ce h npoESBO^He saxpyre pa3JBHHHx CTp;Ka, 
Koje ^y sao Be&a npeAyselia npHuaje h nelke pa^OBe h 
j[H(t),epai;H]e. Ilpea OBaKB^ sa^^pyra 6jajia je cTOJiapcKa 3a- 
Apyra y GoJUsaHy toa FopHue, Boja je HMiuia nocjie ne- 
BOJiHBO roAHHa cBOf oncTaHBa CBoje dacrynBiiKe b noApys- 
HHi^e y TpcTy, CojHTy h Eanpy (ErBoaT). Ilocjie oBe 
($Bjie cy ocHOBBfle jom abo cjih^hb h to jei^Ba y j|>y6.&aflH, 
a Apyra y FopHUH. GoJiEaacBa sajipyra npoHBBOAHJva je 
noBy]lcTBO» a one y Fopai^H u jby($JbaBH 6Hj[e cy rpaj^e- 
BHHcse CTOjape. Ochm Tora nocTOJajia je sBAPyra o6y&apa, 
mTaifnapicKa saApyra h BHme Apyrnx. 

PaiBOj uHdycmpuje y cJioBeHaHKHM BpajesHHa sbbhch 
Beme oa npoBaiaseaa cnpoBHaa,. nrro oa caMe do- 
TpasH>e OBHX Epajeaa BHAe^eMO Aa HeBHx HBAycTpHJ 
ckhx rpana ?hjh opohsboah ce y CjoBeHaHKOj aoctb Tpe- 
6ajy y onmTe seifa, a Apyre HHA}CTpHjCKe Tpaee HMajy 
XHaepnpoAyKOiHjy. Oaaj cjiyqaj ce noRasyje Bapo^HTO bo;^ 
HHAycTpHje APBa h HHEepaine hjih aHopraHCBe HHAycrpBje. 
36or nperjreAHocTH h peAa MO»eHO Aa noAejiHMO csy 

HHAyCTpHJy OBBBO: 

I. 3eM/bopaAHHHKa hjih opraHCKa MHAycrpHja t. j. 
OHB, Bojy seHAopaAHHB OMorylkaBa ca cbojhh npoH3BO- 
AHMa. A TO cy: 

1.) H H A y c T p H j a APBa,*) Kojy je npoyspo- 
KOBaJio 6oracTBO cJOBeBansHX seMa^a Ba myMBMa h sojy 
cy noAHFJEe h ojanaJie noBOAHe hsbosho npHJBKe. Bpcxe 
npeAyaeta Koja cnaAajy y osy KaTeropHjy Chjisl (5h OBa: 



*) Jahresbuch des oesterreichisches Ackerbau-Ministeriums: 
11. Band. Forst. u. Jagdstatistik. 



— 79 — 

a) IliuaHe, Koje ce Atse j napse, Typ6iiHCEe b ofiB^se 
BOAHe DH^ane. Bpoj cbbx tiHJiaHa je 2.704 (2 TyptiBBcxe, 
109 napHBX h 2593 o6b<ibhx boabhx najaBa Epaj dotoeb 
H pesa. Tbmo jora BBJe peqeao aA 6b cbb oBe boabb 
DBjaae 6aje uajiese, sero aese cj v socia BejHKe). 
r^iasHH npouSBOAB OBBX iiBJaBa cy jiacse, hjosb (Aefieje 
jtacKe B3 TBpAor Apsa), ant^Av, sejsB s c[)yp>iHpB. Koa 

OBBX UpOBSBOAa EOJH Cf OApe^CBH 3a U3B03, JBeE fe Ham 

Aa OAroBapajy xex-u BOTpaxHBaqa. Obb ce npoAjKTii 
HHoro BSBose y cBe seifAe CpeAoseiiBora vopa, sao b y 
XpBaTCKy B y YrapCKy. 

6) IlapKeTHBX TBOpBHBa 6bjo je 8. fbBXOBB spo- 
B3B0AB Be noKpHBajy cauo AUHu&e BOTpaXBBaHia Bero ce 
HCB03e H y HBKe aeuAe CpeAoaevHor uopa. 

b) TBopHBiia DOKytCTsa ^hjio je 9 b to 6 CBCTeKa 
ToBeT a 3 3a xpBBO napcHo ooKy&cTBo. Ocbk xora bo- 
cTOjfl jom B TBopBBiia cHCTCMa Toaer sa CTOJBB,e h 2 
TBopBBite RpHBBx CyKOBHs CTOJBBa. Ilpeita TOHe CBera 
12 TBOpsBna flosybcTBa. JifiAd Hua Jom 9 bbjbkbx rpf^e- 
BKHCBBX B 11 BeJBKBX CTOjapa sa DOKy&CTBO. Ona Bpe- 
Ayse&a noKpflsajy AOH^e Borpefie b asBose ce npeEo 
TpcTa. 

r) TBOpBBiie la^iyna BOEpasajy A<Hafcfi BOTpede, a 
B H3R03e CBOje BpoRSBOAe sa BajiBaa b Apyi^auo- 

a) TsopHBua flaoBpa b Apfi^He Bejtyiose 6qjo je 
CBera 25, oa kojhx jcAHa HHje paABJia (roJty6HH*K y 
QlTajepcEoj). OBe TBopaaiie cy yBorpefiajie sa apoasBOAKy 
APBeBe itejiyjiose 204 603 KyiSaqsax xeTapa ApBa- Haj- 
Beba je oaa y IIoAropH koa FopHiie Koja je rpeCaja 
{1910. roA) 52.000 aylSBHHBx Mexapa. Upobsboab TBop- 
Hima aaoBpa (aajBe&e je opeAys^e nJlejiaB" koa AJ- 



- 80 — 

6AaHe) cy : xapraja h sapTOHH cBHJy BpcTa, xao h lapTe 
sa Hrpaibe (2 TBopHHi^e). 

' %) TaopHH^e Koja sacxynaHe cy ca 2 npexyse&a, 
Koje npoHSBOAe ocni jryKcysHBx h TeperoHx aoja jom h 
ayTOMo6HJicRe BapocepBje. 

e) TBopHHi^a 6;paxH sa naROBBKe b caHAyxa no- 
CTOjajo je 6, oa kojhx ce jejiHa 6aBfljia Bcv^y^BBo npo- 
HSBOAiboic 6ypaAB sa ueMenT. 

OcHM Be& 03HaHeHBx npeAyse&a aocToJajie cy (1910.) 
jom 2 TBopHBi^e HepHjia AysHHe (Masstaebe), 2 TBop- 
BHi^e sflasHi^a, 1 TKopHBn;a opiiapa sa jieA, 1 TBopHHi^a 
ApBeHHx BJiBHaaa sa aaiiejie, 1 TBopsHi^a Apsese Byne, 
2 npeAyseia sa npoHSBOAKy 6ypaAB, 1 TBopHHiia RopCana, 
1 TBopHui^a sa Hspa^HBhBe APBa, 3 sasoAa sa HMnperHH- 
pa^e Apsa h jom 37 HHj^ycTpHjcRHX npexysella sa ApBo. 
I^ejiOKyaHB 6poj cbhx HqAycTpRjcRHx ApBeHHX ope^yse^a 
y CjioBeHaqROj, fies nnjaHa, (5ho je (apajeM 1910. ro- 
AHHe) 99. 

2. HHAyCTpHJa SHBOTHHX HaHBpHHIia 

saeBCH y HesojHM rpaeaMa cacBHH oa CTpaHor yBOsa, jep 
ce y CjiOBeuaqaoj ee npoBseoAH .aobo^sho hjih HHRaRo 
(sHTo, napHHaq, cJiaj^, Mac^nHHe, RBRao). Obh npo^yRTB ce 
nocjie oneT apepa^eHH Hseoae. Eao nocToje^e rpaee oBe 
HHAycTpHje Tpe6a osHa^BTH : 

a) MjiHHapcTBo je pasBHJeHO a DOTpe6flo schto yaosH 
ce HS XpsaTCRe, CpfiBje, BaBara h Pycnje. MjiHHOBa 
Belker cTHJia (oapHHx h na Typ6HHe) bmb' y cjiOBeBaqRHn 
seM^aMa 9 (mjihh Ilerpa Maj:/^Bba y U^e^y, npsH noTnyao 
ayroMaxcKH mjhh y Aycrpo-YrapcRoj). 36or BejfHRor ^ 
yfioaa acHTa, cjEOBena^RH mjihhobh muoh cy hsboshth 
6paraHo H y aycTpajcKe HeMa^ne npajeBie. 






■ 81 - 



6) IlHBapa je 6hjo 12; koa h>hx je hcth cjy^aj 
Eao H SOX BXRaoBa. H ose cy uopaJie yeosHXH jeqaii h 
cjai, AOK KH je CasHfiiCiia jiojiuHa (rjanaino oj I^eAa) 
jiasam noTpe6aH xveA. y ceBepim aeo cjOBesa^EBX se- 
NSAa yBOSH ce join dhbo hs ajcrpHJCKHX BevaqsHX Bpa- 
jeea; aoihh ce bs j^kohx cJOBeBaqRBX spajeBa, Rao Ce- 
Hose^e K TpcTs h3bo3m eRCDopxHo aiBo y leBanr h 
HTajBJy. 

b) TBopHBtte KoCaeima h cajiaiia fiHJie ey TpH. 
ynoTpefiAaBaJe cy sieco oji SHBOTsoa Aowaber rojeH>a. 
OcBM OBHS TBopHHua DocTojajie cy y cbekoh BtfieH ueciy 
Ko6aCH<<apH6 Be&er hjh uaser oncera. Oeae Kao h y 
npRBaTRHH Ky&aHa npoioBoAe ce tsbo aeaBe ,RpaacKe 
EjioSace", Koje ce h AOCTa Bsaose. 

r) AecTHiauHJe paRHje HHOroCpoJHe cy, Maae y 
BejaRox, BBine y uaiox cxHJiy. J^ecTUJiupa ce caua hjih 
y cacTasy c KaKBHU BobeH, aponaTHqea aejies, a^ncKa 
sejiea hjik iiBebe, EJieK, xpeoiKe, CpecBue, paane mjbHse, 
^pOBBHiie, Aposc^e h Tpmmae, c^aCa h noKBapesa Buna 
a T. n., m KOJHx ce ;io6HBa ;[o6pa paKRJa- PaKBJa ce 
peTKo H3B03H, jep je uua ua^o. 

a) TsopHHue TecTa (uaRapoBa) cfiera cy jBe a 
ocHOBaHe cy HeKOJBEO roAHHa npe paxa. Obc TBopHHi^e 
ce patiBHJajy, a TBopaima y Il^apcRoj EicTpHi^H DosHara 
^^s, Hweaou nUeaai-ere" (Upsa Kpaacsa TBopHBi^a xe- 
CTeBHBe), CBOje flpoHSBoae Beb n hbdosb. 

%) TBopHui^e sjeda Hajase ce y BekHU BaponiHMa 
(MapHfiop, JbyCjtaaa, Tpcx) rjie je iiBoro paaaHOiTBa h 

BBBle BOJHUmXBa. 

e) TBopHHua aa. law'heB.B niipHHqa nocxoJH y Tpcxy, 



liJ\< 



■ * 



— 82 - 

r^e ce ojbymTeHH h He^HCTH yfieseHH nspiiHa? "ihcth, 
copTHpa H noJiHpa. 

») TfiopHHi^e yjba saciynaHe cy no npeAyBelLy sa 
jra I'eHO y^e y SHAanoic Mocxy h ape^yse^y sa MacjiH- 
HOBo y^e y Tpciy. Ochm Tora npoHSBOAH ce oa Myp- 
<^BOM H ^paBCKOM nojby ro;^ ceiuiRa hb thrbhbhx spna 
jKycHo yjbe aa xpaey, sejene 6oje. 



3. HHAycTpHjaoAeteMo6yte. IXpe Hero 
niTo ce OBa HHAycTpyja ca cbojhm MarnHHaua nojaBHJa y 
GjioBeaa^KOJ 6MJia je AOMa&a npoB3BOAH>a oBe rpaae B^oua 
jLeao pasBBjeea. Jl^aaac cy Bet o6pTH OBe rpane (xBatte, 
npoB3BOi(iba meniHpa h qoje) h cRopo cBa ^OMsta ueji^y- 
crpHja (npe;i;efte, TRaae, njieTeae, Be3eH>e) HmqesHyje 
OCHM HeRiix Boacapa h o6y&apcTBa. KaRo ce hbbh Be& ce 
fl AOMaba npoH3BOAH»a py6Aa HaJiasn Ha nyxy sa TBopnaiiy. 

a) TeKCTHjiBa HHAycTpHJa sacxynaBa je ca 5 BejiH- 
RHx H Bidme MajiHx npe^yseba, oa rojbx HORHMa c«iy»H 
Bo^a Kao MOTopsa ceara. 

6) TBopHHi];e cjaMHaTHx menrnpa najase ce y To- 
peH>cRoj, OA ROJHx HOKe y. OROJBHH JI,OMaKajia. Oaa BBAy- 
cTpHjcKa rpana nanijia je ;i;o6pe ocHOBe y RytHoj HHAy- 
CTpHJH OBHX EpajeBa. CjiaHoaTH memnpH rojh ce oB^e 
H3pa%yjy, HCTHCHy»iH cy cbo cxpane npoBseoAe. 

b) TBopHHii;e RO»a, 03; kojhx cy ipn BeJiHKe h 
BHffle MaHy(|)aRTypa ;^o6po cy sacTynjbene. 

r) 73 TBopHHue Koate ocHOBaHO cy set h ^Be TBop- 
HHn;e o6yte (no jeABa y JbyfijbaHH h TpjRHty y Fo- 
pettCRoj). 

Oj^ ocxajHx opraHCRHX xbophhhbhx npe^yse^a xpe6a 
cnoHenyxH jom 1 xBopsHuy Rapxonasa, 2 ApacaBHe XBop- 



- 83 — 

BUBfi Jifxasa ox kojhx je ona y JI-jy<t.£aBB jexHa oa hbj- 
HebHi (ro;tKHe 1903 Hiiaia je 288 wymRBX h 2188 sew- 

Cits paAHHBa, 1 TBOpBBCa HPaCaa, HeKOJBKO TBOpHBl^a 

canjEia k caeba, 1 seJHBa TBopHsiia EaBHUBS cyporara y 
^>^6jtiB«, 1 TBopHMiia xHKepa (opOHSBoi nTrapjstin" 
cjBiau ,Cbartereuse*), moEo^ajte, Kasao a h CBpa, 1 
BeJHia TBopBHna 6ob6oe& y Jky6.&aHH u join no jeABa 
TBupBUQa opryxa, xapHOHBJa, jHHOjeja, saaynia^a u 
EODOoaa. 

. MHHepajiHa, aHoprawcKa hjih reuiKa HHAycTpHJa. 

t. nHAycTpHja ROBHHa. Cea iipeAyse&a ose 
HHiycTpBjcite csynHBe — ochm hbt (4 cjOBenaiEa h 1 
JipzaaHO) — ycxaHose cy aeiiaqKor BaoRTaJa b ApyniTaBa. 
Oa TBopHima QOCTOjaje cy 2 TsopHBue CTpojpBa, seKO- 
-iBKO g/jfymEaa" y ropeacBoj h y KopymKoj, 1 jeBaosa 
xeiesa, BHine TBopnima ^aeajia {oj, thx jbaho cjoBeHa^Ko 
BejKRo BHAycTpHJcBO iipeAysebe aa saApyssoj ochobh, 
soje ce pasBHJio H3 Kybae HajtycrpHje), EeEOJHKo TBop- 
BHi(a seM^opaAHHiEor opy^a y ropeacEoj, BBnre 0a6pHBa 
aymasa y BopoBAaHa y KopymEoj (oa-tmx abb ciose- 
Baqaa apeAyae&a, BepHHK h BopoBBBB, Koja npoHS&OAe 
aao QpaSHaT coeiiBJajiHTeT ipa h lerEeAo-iieBBe iiBft^Ee 
aymite e caei^BjajBe nyipae sa aob Ba jiaBose, larpe h 
cAOBose), 1 TBopHBiia i^HBoGpa y HapbJh — jeABHa y Ay- 
CTpo yrapcKoj — y Rojoj ce bpobbboah iiHBoOap aa CTporo 
Tajaa h cnei^Bja^aH BaiHs. Ocbh Tora jom 1 aeiHEa ^e- 
BaoBa SBOHosa y jby^JbaaH. 

2. HHAycTpHJa RaHeHa, rAHse, seH^e 
H ciaKJia^) Ao6po je pasEHJeaa h aacTyn jeHa, a Bajiaas 

') Rudolf Hand : Jahrbuch d. oesterr. Bauindustrie u. In- 
rie der Steine u. Erden, Qlas u. Porzellan. Wien, 1909. 



- 84 - 

ۥ OCHM HH^yCTpBJe CTERJia H IJ^eMeBTa BelkUHOM y CJO- 

BeHa«iR8M pyRaMa. GjoBeflaHBa je 6oraTa RaMeiBbeM (aapo- 
HVLTo Kpac) H saTo je paayMAHBO, mTO ce HHAycTpHJa 
RaiieBa jeno pasBua. Oa sejiHRor 6poja RaiieHOJiOMa — 
12 BeJtHRHX - RaiieH ce ynoTpe6AaBao sa npoHSBOABy 
Kpeua. lIocTOjajio je 14 BeJUKHX BauHeHBi^a h khofo na- 
JiHXi y TBopHHuaica i^eiieHTa rojbx je 6hjio 13, bjh y 
KaMeRoj BRAycTpHJR ROJR je 6Hjia 3acTyi7AeBa ca 25 Dpe- 
Ayaefca. OaaaHeaHx 13 TBopHBi^a ueiceHTa npoBSBejio je 
1909. roAMHe oro 900.000 q nopTjaBAORor h 200.000 q 
poMaucRor (llapRepoBor) ueMenra. Ofia npo^iyxiiBja oro- 
^Vlk^Jla je nocTojaibe 5 TBopBHaa ueiieHTBBx bpohsbom- 
KaMeQCiOMR roa PiftfBHRa H KoTa (niiajepcxa) Aa- 
HAjy 0ReT4oeMB rpaHHT 3a Ra^ipiiHcafte rpa^cRBx yiBna 
(^Tpia^^iO M 3a rpa^SBHHe (TexHH«iRa BejiHRa niROja y 
TpHA^yV y OHHica roa Bej^aia (KopyniRa) m MapR6opa 
UlImjepcRa) JOMH ce CBerjiocHB ua CBe ao npejasa y 
luauoouB raajcoB ipaBMT, rojh ce ynoTpe6.MBa aa xe- 
A04HHMR0 rpaxu>e i^opyra Be.iaR-Map£6i>p, I^ej^e- TpaAen), 
9a RajiAPMMOHihe ii rp«AB^y RaiieHBx MOCToaa (PaAensBJeB 
MOOT Y rpatuyV HaJBRine ce yooTpe^juia Rpenao xa- 
MOH^t^ i^MaumM aiO m RpaMop y cbbh 6oja]ra oa 6eie j,o 
\\\\w M c uajpaHjRHiiiijBX mapaxa. Chbh rycTH xpeHBax 
K\>\ IVanRor IVueuiaf^opa aa Epaoj r3bo3h ce y EaHpo. 
\U ouor KaMt^Ha (^RJe cy rpa^^e oae rpaVi^ui^ 7 Beny: 

XHOpCKM M):it'j, YHMB^p^UI. Dapjaxei aT, BaJBTa MHBRCTia 

U|'^mv\ HvM'aana upni^^ aRaaexRje jeoRx yiieTHOcTB, 
\m^HM* mv;iopnunx\ ri^xcRii xoM ■ T. I. : T DemTH nap- 
.i.iM0U5^Vv .V^"^*^^* oao)>t^MiiR R AP-: y BepiMHT MHoro 

^AHo UvoKHvi M UaOv^pJot v^A*^^'^"^'-^ ' • y ciapoM 
¥t^iOf \jv\^ iwjAHx^ « .<ri>».xe rpA.XA CoJiRt. lis rob- 






^85- 

uoMepaTa apase ce mjihhcrh KaMeHH, a y FopeKCKoj ce 
ynoTpe6jE>aBa sa peryjiai^Hjy ahbahx noroKa;' neniTeBai^ 
ynoTpe6^HB je sa T^smjby HocTOBa, ujiaBsa h rpa^Ky 
npHciaHuniTa, Kao h npoHssoAKy m^ihbcrbx h 6pycBBX 
KaMeea. nispHAesan; ce ynoTpe^jbaBa y FopeibCKoj sa 
noRpHBai&e BpoBOBa. 

{iBAycTpBJa rJiBse BpeAcxaBJbeBa je ca 53 bcjibbbx 

I^MFjapa, 14 TBOpHBUa rJBBaCTBX npoBSBOAa b 1 TBOp- 

HHi^OM oneRa (i];Brja): Cbb UBrjape BMajy RpjsBe neliB, 
HBore OA £&Bx ca napsBM noroBOM b npoBSBO^e oneRy sa 
rpa^eBHBe b upen sa BORpHBa&e RpoBOBa cBBJy BpcTa^ 
H 3a o;^Bo;^Be b aoboabc b Apyre ixcbb. TBopBBi^e rjiBBeBBx 
npoH3BOAa Hspa^yjy rjiBBeae nehB, nocy|e, rjasBpaae 
rjiHBeBe njione sa noBpBBaae b AeR« pauBJy CTeaa b t. x» 
HH;^ycTpBja seMAC sacxyojbeBa je caMo ca 3 TBopBanie 
noftyj^a. 

36or «iecTor BaJiaaceie&a Jienor CBCTJior ao npocojBo 
»yTor B cBTHor RpeMCBOBor (KBap^OBO^) BecKa, cTaKjeBa 
ce HHAycTpHja Morjra pasBBTB b BoceAjje 7 npe^ysetia. 
HajBeia TBopaaua ciaRJia je osa y Tpcxy ca 400 pa^e- 
HBRa H MOAepflOM BBCTBjiaAHJoM, saTBH OBa y Saropjy ca 
250 B OBa y XpacTHBRy ca 180 pa^eBBRa. HajBe&B fl,eo 
npoHSBo^ibe je inynj&e CTaRJio (qame, cxaRjieBBi^e, i^bjibb- 
APR sa CBeTB^se, CTaRjieBB 6ajioBB b t. a.)* 

y HBTaBOJ OBOJ BHAyCTpBJCROJ CRyBBBB pa^BJio je 

(1910. roA.) 14r6 BetBX npe^yseta. 

3.) Oa A^yrBX BHAycTpBjcHBx npeAyseta boctojb 
jom je^na pa(j)BBepBJa nexpojeja y TpcTy, 1 TBopBBn;a 
6pHReTa, BBuie ojiBsapa sa ocBeTjieiB&e BaponiH, 1 aeJiBRa 
AP»aBBa TBopBBua 6apyTa b 3 EeMB^Re ^Si6ipiijs.ey oji 
RoJBx OBa y XpacTBBEy npoBSBo^B b cynep4)GC(()aTe sa 
BemiaHRO %Y6peme. 



— 86 - 

HcttopHmTaBaKe bo;^hhx cHara y HBAycTpBjcKe 
CBpxe jom je cjia6o, ajrn HanpeAyje. ^o npe spaTRor 
BpeBfena caMO ce HeKojiHKo HH^ycTpHJcRHx rpana cjiysHJio 
OBOM je4)THH0M MOTopHOM CHJOM HJiH yr^eHOM. Y nocjiejiibe 
BpeMe ce ycTanoBBjo BHme eJieirrpHHanx uenTpajia (jeABa 
i^enxpaja bhcokof HanoBa y Fope&CKO} ca HaBCBMaJHOH 
CHJIOM OA 3000 HP [soft'^BBx CHara] u BHme i^eaTpaJia 
HHCEor Hanona), qHJa CTpyja ce ynoTpeOAaaaJia hjth sa 
HOTopey caary hjh y cspxe ocBeTje^a. Majre i^enTpajie sa 
ocBeT^eibe cy Be& qecTe h HecTBMHue cy aelk y ^pacbbh ce- 
jTHMa ce^aqKe sy^e ocaerAeHe ejeBTpHSOM . Ho MCKaSHMa a- 
Bp. xHApoTexHE^Bor i^eHTpaJiHor 6upo-a hofjio 6h ce caMO hs 
H3Bopa H npMTOKa Caee (y rope&CKOj) hcropucthtb 100.000 
HP. Oeaj 6poj pacTe ao xpnaTcae rpaHBn;e na 250.000 
HP. j!I,aAe 6h Horja AaTH pexa ^paea ca cbojhm npHTO- 
i^Bna AO yrapcKe rpaHHi^e A^uMbnx 250.000 HP. Ako Ce 
ysMy y o63Hp jom ociaje peKe, Boje ae npHnaAajy y cjio- 
seHaHRHM seMd&BMa jom cascKOH h apbbcsom penHOH cb- 
CTeMy (Mypa, JlenAaBa, Pa6a) h one soje y onmie Be 
npHnajiajy obhm CHCTeMHHa (Co^a, Pena) oHxa Ao6HBaM0 
jom A^Jimiin npoi(eH»eHHX 60.000 HP, mro hshoch yEynay 
cyMy 600.000 HP, ox Rojax je je^Ba AeceTH Aeo hcko- 
pamTeH. 3a HHAycTpHjajiH3ai];H jy cjoBeBa^RHX senaAa Tpe- 
6aJ0 6h oa npHJiHKe 400.000 HP, mro HSHOCHJeABa Vs 
i^ejioBynHe BOAHe cnare. 

y BelkHHH CBe ce HHAycTpaje Apse Be&Hx npoMei- 
HHX cpeAHmxa (Mape6op, Ufijbe y niTajepcKoj, I],ei0Ben;, 
EejbaB, Tp6HS y Ropymsoj, Jby6.BaHa, JeceHHi^e, Hobo 
MecTo y Kpa&CBOJ, ^opH^a, TpcT y IIpHMopcKOj) hjh 6ap 
6j[H3HHe asejieBBHiJ^a. Oa cbbx npeAyselia HajoASJbeBBja je 
6BJ[a TBopHHna i;HHo6pa y Hkphjh (29 km), ajB je sa 
BpeMe paTa Aomjra h oaa aa aoBy acejesBH^Ry npyry. 



- 87 - 

Rao- BeHiap cjyae cBHMa HHjtycTpHjeKHM rpaHajia Tpcr 
H Puieica, oMK^e cbh 3a hsbos oApe^esH oponsBOAB nj'- 
lyjy y i:BeT a npHHa ee idto A0-'<a3H h3 csexa. 

VoA. 1910. nocTOjajo je y KpattCKoj, TopHKEOj, 
FpaABniRDj, TpcTy a HcipH ,1^5 HHjycTpHjcKHX aniiHJ* J 
CKBX apymTaea ca KauHTazoH oa 190,000.000 Kpyaa, oa 1 
Kojer je €bjo eel oeo 18 NHJHJOHa spyna cJOBeHaiEor ! v-, 

EanHTajiH aob je ocraxaK oj 172 uwnajona, KpyBai 6bo ! fy /^ 
HeHaqKK KanKTaj (caMO y TpcTy 150,000.000 Kpyga). w^C 

T 



B. TproBHHa h npomeT. 



Ci[OBeHi^H ce Kao seMAOpaAQH^KH napoA biacj HBKaA 
HHTeH3HBHHJe 6aBHjiH npaBOM TproBBHOM, Hero cy ouy 
rpany npHfipe^e npenymTaJiH ApyrHU BapoAHMa (Heni^Biia 
H HxajiHJaHliMa), kojh cy 3aTo ao6hjih h npesjotacT y 
rp^tAOBHHa. Ako ce koa CjuaeHai^a uaoiJio y nocJieABbe 
Bpewe AyAH TproaaqKor Ayxa, 6hj!h cy to HayaeTmH, jep 
je jacHo, Aft ce tbrom jeARe reuepauBje He Mose pasBUTH 
jaK H cnoco6aH TproFa<iRH cTBJiem. Ho csaKaKo je ycnex, 
Bet H y TOM, niTo cy CJI0BeB^H yBHAejiH, Aa y'TOM no- 
rjiejiy HecMe ocTaTB ji,Bjbe nacjaBHB. 3a iiiROJioB8Ke CBor 
TproBaHRor noAMJiaAKa cauH cy MopajiM HSApsaBatH npH- 
BaTHHM cpeACTBHMa 4 cjioBeBaHEe TproBa'iKe niKOjre, oa 
KOJHx je no jeABa y Jl>y6AaHM h ^opH^H a abc y TpcTy. 
OBe niKOjie cy jiajie Bet cjiOBeBasKOj TproBHHH iTBoro 
cnoco6HHx TproBaua h TproBa^KHX qBHOBBBKa. JI,aHac cy 
CjTOBeHiiH noTDyHo (BecHM BaaHocTH Koja npHuaAA xpro- 
BHHH H KHxoBa TesifbSL ynpaB^eHa je sa to, as. bohobo 
aaysMy CBe oho no3HU,Hje Koje cy noTpe6Be Ba ycnemaH 
pasBoj TproBBHe. EbaxoBa Bpy^a sejba 3a canocTaJiHomty 
H y TproBBHB AOBejfa bx je y BapomaMa na ceBepnoj h 
saaaAHoj napoAHoj rpaBHi^H Kao h sa kom ao bonhjio 
cpAHe Ban;HOHajiHe h eKOHOMCKe 6op6e npoMa AseMa Be- 

JIHRHM Hai^BJaMB, HOMI^BMa H HTaJEBJaBHlsa. CjIOBeBHH 

CMaTpajy TpcT cpu;eM m3 Kojera m y Koje BOAe cse iKHJie 
nyjiSHpajyfeer TprosaqKor atHBOia, a snajy h ocetajy ao- 



~mim'-'." 



6po M je oBo cpKe do cbhh upaBHsa h>hxobo cpii,e a na 
HHje HHrjte h hh^hh xap^KTBO sessBO Ba kojh aP}IH 
Bapojt. 

CjiOBeaaiKa TproBHsa smjia je hctbu DjTeu. kojbh 
je HDija H cia Apyra TproBHaa. Iloieja je «a nymyjyfioM 
mpioewHOM, Ky&apeneH, Koje cy nsBpniHBajB cEopo hchaj- 
iBBo HajH noce^HHiUf hojh cy ce nocje BHmeroAHiniber 
QyiosaKa BpabajH cbojhh Kjfcaiia, rAe cy ocTsjajB ;to 
ipaja XHBOTa hju ce sacejiMH y rpaioBHua b^h ce^BUa 
■ Kao HajH CTa^HH TproBiiH ks kojhx ce nojiaso paSBHU 
AasaniKH cpejiau TproBaqefl ciajes. Ma ^a je obi j txa- 
jeac Aasac aefc aoboabo jaK h ae doctojk roa B>era bh- 
KBKBa noTpeCa aa DyTyjytoH tpfobkbom, oaa join h Aaaac 
nocTojti, noniTO CTanoBHeniTBo bckhx Epajesa neiia ao- 
BOABO npHxo^a sa CBOje BSApsaraibe. 36or Tora H3Aa.«o 
IX join roAHHe 1910. y KpaaCKoj lOfiS jioaBojia aa ny- 
Tjjyty TproBHHy (opeua 110() jioSBOja laji,. 1911.) y 
UlTajepcKoj 161 npeHa i(i2, y KopymKoj 104 upeiia 109, 
H y UpHHopcKOJ 396 jiosBOja rojt, j910, npetia 431 

A03B0JIH VOf.. 1911- 

Upe OS. npHJiHKe 20 roABBa, noKymaBajH cy aewAC- 
paABHi(B H paSHBiiH ca ocHBBaaeM KomyxHvx dpyiumaea, 
Roja 6a TpeCajia )cnocTaBHTH ABpeKTsy Besy Rawe^y Koa- 
cyjieuTa h npojiyi;eHTa, JI,ok je 6ho paj; cjoxan 6h/0 je 
H ycnexa, ajia Ka.n je no^eja 1905 roj cipaB^apcBa 
6op(Ja, noieja ce h KOBsyHaa ApymTBa ac-iiith no CTpaa- 
Kasa, a Kao nocjeABna lora h nponaiatH, caMO cy ce 
oae paiHBqKHx opraBHSaUBJa AoCpo Ap^a^ie. Ilpe OBor 
paTa 3aLioiie.tD je ocHHitaibe jpyre reHepaiiHJe kohsjhbhx 
ApymraBa, ROja cy no BsrjeAy hobobo .saAoChJie CBOjy 
cojiHAHy ocHOBy na hh je thko oncTaaas ocHrypaa. 

CJiOBeBa<iBa eeAemptoevna je juin y ufibgen opeua 



— 90 — 

BejieTproBHHH Henai^a h MTajiHJaBa sa BjracTHToj aapo^t- 
Hoj TepHTopBJH. CBa BeJieTproBHHa cROBii^eBTpBcaBa e y 
rpa^oBHMa, a Cam th HMajy — ca HsyseTKon Kpa&CKe — 
roTOBo CByr^e EeMa^By hjh HTajiBjaHCBy Bej^Bsy, aok je 
cea OBOJiBHa cjioBeBa^Ea. IIocTOje&a cJiOBesa^Ba BejeTp 
roBBflB) Rao H y oaiBTe cBa TproBHfla coJiBAsa je h peajBa 
niTo je ycnoco6AaBa jifiL noTBcne CTajiBo b aRo nojiaso cay 

TprOBBfly CBOJHX BapOABHX OpOTBBBMRa. OcHM TproBBua 

nocTojB jom je^aH (t)aRTop eojh tie ycKopo y^ecTBOBaiH y 
BejieTproBBHH a to je sa^pyrapcTBO, Eoje ce Ee%. npe 
para 6p3o h cojibabo pa)Bfljajio. 

Haeoana mptoeuna t. j. TproBHBa bb CJOBBBa^Re be- 
po;i;Be TepETopBje opeMa BasH BBje (Bjota vajieBa b RpeTa ja 
ce y ;i;Ba rjiaaBa npasi^a: Ba jyr Ka TpcTy Bpeno Mopa h Ha 
HCTOR. nocTOJH joBi H Tpe&B npaBBi; Ha ceBep, ajiH Taj 
je 6ho oa Maibe bbs'socth. 3a yBoaay TproBHBy y cjobb- 
naqse Bpajene 6ho je najpaxHBJH npaBai^ ea cesepa h 
BCTORa, AOR je 6ho osaj ca Mop a npeKO TpcTa oa cho- 
peAHBjer SHa^eiba, jep je pajee^H Aeo oBor yBOsa Bmao 
y TpaHCHTy npeno cjiOBeBaHRBx Riajepa A^^e na ceBep 
y HevaHRe, ^eniKe h noACKe seMjbe. HajpasHBJH cjiOBe- 

HaMRH H3B03HH apTHRBJI BpeEO TpcTa je APBO H KeroBH 

npoAyRTH. Osaj bsbob ce Epe&e Pa cBe sev^e CpeAOseM 
tfor Hopa H B3H0CH0 je 1904. roABHe Ba ApBy, DHjapcsBM 
npoHSBOAHMa, APBenoM yrjbeny h TpeceTy CBera 56,700 886 
Rpyaa. Oa OBe cyHe ne&e oAna^iaTH mhofo bb Beva^Re 
EpajeBe, jep HMajy obh eb ceBepy 6oahx APBeHBx Tp- 
SBBiTa. J^a^e ce B3Be3Jio OBe HCTe roABBe hctbm ny- 
TeH npepa^eBor aPbb h apbcbbx npoH3BOAa3a 11,166.127 
Rpyaa. ^ IIpeRo oBor hctof npBCTaHBniTa bsbosb ce ochm 



*) Statistik des auswaertigen Handels des oesterr.-ungar. 
Zollgebietes im Jahre 1904. 




i»j^ ■•" ' 



-91 - 

TQra jom: Ravefte sa rpa^eeHHe, CTbRjo, nHBo h jom 
aesH ApyrH npoH3BOAH y MaobUM KOJiH^HBaMa. Hsbos y 
apaBiiy Ha hctor (acsj^y^HBo y cano jyrocJiOBeHCKe seifjbe) 
cacTOjao ce y selkHBH b3 npoHSBOAa ko}H cy ^^ojiesbjih 
ca cesepa (t. j. BetiBHOM hs neMaHEHX KpajeBa) y cjioBe- 
Ha^Ke seMAe. CRopo <;b& apxHEJH eojh cy ce hsboshjsh 
Ha HCTOR 6hjih cy hjih qBCTo Hena^RH hjih ca Heva^fRHn 
RaoHTaiOM Ba ciLOBeHa^Roj sevjbH H3pa|eHH dpoesboah, 
Aoi^je H3B03 npaBHZ HHCTo cJOBefla^BBx npoHSBOAa 6ho 
MaJieH y npaBi^y Ha hctor hsboshjio ce HapoHHTo: se* 
jieao H kobhhcrh bpohsboah (rjaBHH jinct^epaHTH MajAH^ 
H PaRym y £(eAy), K0»e h roshh opohsboah, ^ochjibh 
yra^ ROBHBe, mcro apbo sa rpa^y, RaJiyoH, dhbo, cyRBa, 
seMHEajiHje h t. a* ^ npaBi^y ra ceBep hsboshjlo ce cano 
jysHO H Apyro Bo&e, bhho, Bene Beh. nosnaTe hobbbo h 
HeniTo cTOKe. 

Ca cenepa yaosHJie ce y cjioBeBa^Ry sapoAHy xepn- 
TopHJy CRopo CBe CBaROABeBBe noTpenioTHEe kbo cysiio, 
TRaaHHe, py^Ae> o^eia, moahh npoHseoAH, RyxE&CRO h 
RytiHO nocy]^e, o6pTHO opy|e, a;raT h t. a. JI,ajbe ce yBo- 
SHJie ManiHHe cbhx spcTa, BemTaHBO ]^y6pe CBHjy BpcTa, 
acejeso h robbhcrh bpohsboah, arpa^Re sa Aeuy, BHca^^e 
noTpeoiDTHHe, caTOBH, anapaTH h HHCTpyMeHTH, cnpase 
sa Bes6aKe, maopTHH, nyTBH h ToajreTBH apiHRjiH, Ba- 
RHTH H Apyro. Ca HCTOBa ce y rjiSBHOM yBOSHje CBpoBHfle 
3a nocToje&e HHAycrpHjcRe o6pTe, Eao sHia.cBHJy BpcTa, 
CHpoBe Roase, m^HBe 3a npoH3BOAi&y paRBje, cjiaA 3a 
MBOBape, TBpAO APBO (6yHBa h xracT), AaJbe A^Ceje 
CBHH>e, HeniTo CTpna 3a Rjafte, cyxo Meco h *cjraHBBa. 
Oa Hopa npeBo TpcTa yBosHJH ce pa3HH sa^iHBH (nBpo- 
AHje), Ra(J)a, nnpHnaH, aHTo, jyaao Boie (arpyMe), neTfo- 
jej H APyro. 



— 92 - 

HanoMeHyTH ipeCa, ^a cy CjEOBeauM yBCK HacTO- 
jajiu, Xs, 6h nocTojaie niTO yse xproBaHKe Bese indue%y 
ftHX H octaJTHx jyrocjioBeHCRBx seMaj&a, mTo ]^e BaM ao- 
Ea^TH ^po^HTo 6aHKapcTB0. Kao aoess sa to oysH 
HaH 6oj GjiOBBHai^a sa 6ejioKpaH>CRy »ejie3HHi^y, Roja Aa- 
nac Be%. seace Jl3y6jbaHy npeso KapjioBua ca 3arpe6oM 
H PajeKOM T. j. ycnocTaBAa Bcsy H3Me]^y CjioBeHaiia h 
XpsaTa. y TpcTy ce ycTanoBHJio c;iOBeHaqKO cDe;innHjoBo 
H TpaHcnopTHo asniHJCKo ApyniTBu „6ajiBaB*' h xppaicKO- 
cjoseHa^Ko napo6poAapcR6aKii;RJcRo ApymiBo ^^ajiMaii,B]a'S 
^Hja sa^a&a je 6HJ!a y3AP»aBaTH h oMorytiaBaTii npcMex 
HBMej^y Tpcia — t; j. CjioBenaua — h jI,a;iMai;HJe. Koa 
CjtoBenaiia Rao h koa ocTaJHX JyrocjioBeHa nocTojajia je 
TBp;^a BOAa, ^a CTBOpe ireJiHHy eKOHOMCRe TepHTCppje, 
ROja 6h 6MJia jeAJaaKa h>hxobo] HapojiHoj TepBTopHJH 6e3 
o63Hpa Ha nocTojete yneTHe ynpasHe ^paBH^e. YcneBafty 
OBor HaupTa mhofo cy AODpHHejra npoMemna cpedcmea. 

CjioBeHaqRe searj&e noce^yiy Jeny h Ao6po paa^e- 
w2beHy aKo h He rycTy ofceAeanuHKy Mpeowy, Koja bx Beate 
ca 13 npyra (jyana aejre3HHi;a . je ABoxpa^Ha, ca abb 
ynopeAHe Tpa^HHi^e), ca cyceAflHM se'Mjbana. C Htbjibjoii 
Hx Beay 3 npyre, Koje npejiase AP«aBHy rpaHHuy koa 
IIoaTe6e, KpMHHa h ^epBHH>aHa. UpoMCT M3Me]^y Cjiobb- 
Han;a h Heaiai^a yBApaRaeajy 4 npyre h to: 1) ABoxi'aqHa 
„Jy»Ba aejie3Hflii.a" TpcT-Beq, 2) JlDy6jbaBa-ll,eJ!0Beu- 
(Hac6pyR, Cajm6ypr, JlHHi^-IIpar hjih Be^), B) TpcT- 
ropHi^a-Il,eJiOBeii. h 4) TpancBepcajiHa xejiesBBi^a MapHfiop- 
I],eji0Bei;-HHC6pyH. C ocxaJiHM JyrocjioBeHHMa Beae Cjo- 
Belize 5 HopMajTHHx jeAHOTpa^HHX h 1 HopMajiHa ;ioRdJi» a 
ateJe3HH^a, Eoje H^y OBaRo: 1) HparepcKO Be;inRa KanHwa* 
OcHjeR-BeorpaA hjth IleniTa, 2) rpo6ejiHo-KpanHBa:3arpe6, 
3) SHiaan M0CT-3arpe6-(PHjeKa mjih JI,ajManiBja) BpoA-(Bo- 



rir: 



— 93 — 

CHa)-BeorpaA, 4) j!by6AaBa Kapjio^i^-(3arpe6, PajeBaHJiH 
ea JTH^BOH sejesHHi^oM y JI,&jMai](Bjy, 5) ^y6AaHa, TopBi^a 
HjIH TpcT-CB. PeTap-PajeKa-J^ajEMai^Hja hjh 3arpe6 h 
6) Ji:>y6jbS,BB. TopHiia fjih TpcT-^HBa^a-Dyjb. ItejoKynHa 
Ayayna cbhx aej!e3HHi;a cJioBeHa^Ke EapoABe TepHTopnje 
H3H0CH 1701 km OA KojHx je 328 km ^iBOTpaqne a 
1286 km HopMaJHe jeAHOTpa^oe cpyre h 87 km npyre ^ 
ycKor KOJOceKa. Oa obbx aejreBHHua npBna;ia 875 km 
apaaBH, 770 km u. Kp. npHB. JyaHoaejie3nHqKOM ;^pyIIiTBy 
a 56 km je niTajepcKHX noKpaJKHCKHX atejiesBBEa. JI^p- 
xasBa acejie3HHi;a HMa 825 km npyre BopMajflor jej^BO- 
Tpa^Hor H 50 km ycKor jeABOTpaHBOP KOJioceKa, JjaBa 
aejiesHBi^a MMa 328 km npyre BopMajiBor abojbof, 424 km 
HopMaJtBor jeAHOTpaHBor h 18 km ycKor je;i;BOTpaHBor 
KOjioceRa, Ao^BM Ha niTajepCKe noKpajBHCKe aejie8BBii;e 
OTcaAa 37 km HopmajiBe je;i;BOTpaHBe h 19 km npyre 
ycKor je^HOTpaqBor KOJOceKa. OBe aejiesHH^Ke npyre no- 
CTojaje cy npe paia 3a Bpene paia AorpaAHJre cy ce 
TpH HOBe aeJiesHH^Re npyre ^Hja 6h npH6;iB»Ba ;i;}aBEa 
Morjra h3Hochth oko 200 km. 

OcHM aeJiesBH^RBX npyra nocToje jom h Ao6pe 
aymoMo6uACKe npoMemne npyte, Koje cy 6e3 H3)3eTKa y 
npBBaTBOM cjioBeBaHKOM DoceAy. Ofiaj irpoMeT OMoryiaBa 
BapoHHTO ;^o6po CTaae cjiOBeHaqKHx nyTesa. AyTOMoSaJiCKH 
nponer cJiyaH ca npeB03 JbyAa h noniTe, pe]^e xepexEOM 
TpaHcn'wpxy h BaAOMemxaBa xj aHCBepcaJiHe aejie3BHu,e, 
KoJHX join HeHa. JI^yaHaa cbhx nocxoje&Bx ayxoMo6HJici>]a 
npyra h3boch 550 km. AyxoMo6HJiH kojh cjiyae obom 
npoMexy bcjihkh cy 0MHH6ycH cxpanax BpoH3BPAa (mtaj- 
i^apcKBx, 4>paHn.ycKHx) h Mory bphmhth 10—24 jiBi^a. 

' Ilymeeu cy y cjiOBeBa^KHM KpajeBBMa y Ao6poM 
cxaBEiy, a ^ejie ce y i^pataBHe, noKpaJHBCKe, OKpyare^ h y 







- 94 - 

oamTHHcKe nyreBe. Osa Rjiacn^^HBai^Eija 3aBHcn oa Toia 
Ko Hx ynpaBAa h nonpaBj&a, a MHoro oyTa ce paajBKTJy 
II no niHpHHH u no cT£H»y y kom ce ^aJiase. Kpoa cjio- 
Bena^Ke ^eujte boah caMo je^aH BejiHKH apssbbh ;ipyM 
H to oHaj KojH Beate Beq c TpcTOM, cbh cy ocTajH 6oah 
nyTeBH sa BeJiHKH npoMeT Bel^HBOH ookp8jhbceb bjie 
oKpyacHH. Obh nyxeBH Beay ipaAOBe ueJ^ycoOHo, ack on- 
mTHQCKH nyxeBH cjiy»e BeJ^HHOM cauo npoMexy h3 cejra 
y rpaA hjih HdMe]^y cejra caMHx. Oa cbmx ny^eBa BB}6ojbiA 
cy Kpa&CEB, niTO 6h ce Morjo npHnHcaTs tomb, Aa y 
KpaEbCKoj nocToje mccto OKpyaHHx oA6opa, ^hjh A^JioKpyr 
je cyBHme onmnpliH, TaKOSBasH ^uecTHH OA^opn" ^Eja 
jeA^Ba 3aAa]^a je ysApasaia&e nyTesa. OeaRe „iiecTHe 
OA6ope* HMa caMO join jeAna noKpaJHBa y AycTpaJH. 
FoAHHe 1880. 6hj![o je y noRpaJHHana y ROJHMa ciaay y 
CjioBeBn;H csera 14.048 km nyxeBa h to 2.425 km Ap- 
»caBHHx nyTesa, 820 km noRpajHscBBx, 8192 km oRpy»- 
HHx H 2611 km onmTHHCRHx nyTepa. ^) 

Kao Hajje^THDHJe nponeTHo cpeACTBO cJiyaH Tpro- 
BHHH ca ApBOM cnAasapcmeo, Eoje c6 BpmH toRom JI,paBe, 
Mype, CaBHibe h CaBe, MHoro nyTa qaR na Ayf?a,B. Cnjia- 
BapcTBO cjiyaH 3a TpancnopTOBaifee MeKor Apc^Ta 3a 
rpa]^y h Aacana, ROje ce H3B03e y XpBaTCRy, YrapcRy h 
Aa^e. OcBH Tora npeBasa ce sa BejHRBM ApsesHM ^an 
n;HHa no Tony Case Jom h RBMefte 3a rpa]^efte R}]^a h 
Rpeq y XpBaTCRy (3arpe6). Obh ce cnjiaBOBH Bputajy na- 
Tpar ca ctohhom 3anperoH hjih aejiesBHUOH. Feqno 6po- 
AapcTBO ROA CjoBenai^a He boctoJh h aKo je CaBa ossa- 
Hena ao SnAanor Mocxa Rao naponJOBBa (60 km oa xp- 



^) K. k. Statistiche Zentralkommission: Statistisches Jahr- 
buch 1880. 



- 95 - 

i, oKo 120 km OA cHca^Ke napo6poABpcBe 

bb). 

I rtapo6podapcmeo Of, Tpsu&a (Monfalcoiie) 

meHTpHme ce hcbaymjio y Tpny. Dpeo 

e ce OBne ycthEoeBSO (1836) 6hjio je na- 

pymTBO aycTpHJCKor Jlojjia, sbjh no^eiBB 

IHOCHO jeXBB HHJIHJOH 4lOpl!BTB. KailBTaj 

e Be&HHOH HexaiKH. Upe paia 1914. Muajio 
OG DapofipoAa ca 278.191 fipjTO i)erBCTap- 
, KoJHX cy 52 napollipoAa 6fiJi& 9a BCJiBEa 
JHRH oCa^icBH uapofipOAH ra 224.493 6p;T0 
TOBa. J^pyro BsjaeLe npe^iysebe ocbobbbo 
no;i HMeBOH ^VjiiiyxeBo aycipHJcKO napo- 
ijcEu jtpyfflTBo", Koje je BacTBjio Bs yApy- 
-AHepHEaHe" ra Bapo&poAapcEBH ope^yse- 
yjiHL. H Ty je se^eBOH aeHaiBH KanHiaji- 
KOJe je y r^aaaHoii DOsaaTO ooa HMeBoH 
jRaBa" BMaJlo je rojinne 19l3. 73 napo- 
908 6pyT0 perBCTapcKHx tobb, ojt Kojax 
jiBEEX oueaHCKBX Bapo6po;ia ca 211.908 
pcBBX TOBa B TO 29 roTOBHX y npoMeiy h 
neHHx. ') OcHH oBHx nocTojaJo je y Tpciy 

m Dap06p0AapCKHX JtpyiBTaBa B BpHBaTBHX 

BOJHX cy HaJBaiBHBJa: aaiiBJCKO jipjditbo 
xp. ca 10 aapoCpoAa; npeiysete TpHBKo- 
)6poAa, repojHHHb b xp- ca 1 2 napo6poAa, 
ibera triestina ca 10 napo6poAa, KocobhI 
potipoAa, aKiiBJCEO ApyniTBO ^npeHyAo" ca 

Smolensky; Stelluug und Bedeutung des oesteir. 
o-Americana und der freien Schiffahrt ira Aussen- 
chs. Zuerich 1916. 



— 96 — 

4 napo6poji;a, ApyoiXBo HcTpo-TpaecTe ca 13 napo6poAa 
H Apyrnx. Bpoj koa 03Ha^eHHX napo6po;iapcRBX jipyniTaBa 
H npeAJse^a 3anoc;ieHHX Mopoapa hsbocbo je 1912. ro- 
ABHe 4559 AjAH. OcHM obhx napofipoAa doctojh Ha 
cjioBeHaqKoj MopcKoj ofiaJH jom oeo 1000 cfiajiCKBx je- 
ApHJiHi^a. PeAOBHe npyre napo6poAa aycTpBJcKor JIojAa 
BOAe ys HCToiey o6ajiy JaApaHCKor laopa, y CpeAOBeiiHO 
H I],pHo Mope, a ocHH Tora cy nocTojaJie jom h TpH npyre 
y HH^Hjy H HCToqHy AsHJy ca KpajeHM Ta^BaMa BomCaj, 
lUaHraj h Ko6e. AycTpo-AMepHRaHa ysApsapajia je npo- 
MeT ca jysBOM h ceaepHOM AHepHKOM. 3a Bpeiie paia 
y'cTaaoBHJio ce hobo cjiOBeBaqKO napo6poAapeKo apymTBo, 
ca ceAHHiTeM y TpcTy. RiKBepoBM cy nocTojajH npe paia 
je^aH y Tpmafey h ^Ba y TpcTy, r^e cy ce caMocTajiBo 
rpa^HJie HOBe jlbl^q hi BpmBJiH noupaBi^B. 

Kao y CBHM ocTajiiiM eKOBOMCKBM rpaHava, Cjiobbbbh 
cy H y CaHKapcmey jiyro BpeMeea saBHCHJiH oa Hewaiia. 
AjiB Hx je H oB^e BO^HJia oaa Bcia xeffiHia, Koja bx je 
oCj![o6oji;HJia Be]^ mhophx HeMa^BHX ynjiHBa h saTo bh^bmo 
OA roA. 1900. ji^SLjbQ — Kan ce poAHjra npsa cJiOBeBa^Ka 
6aHKa — KaKo ce c^ioBenaHKO 6aHKapcTB0 6pB0 h koh- 
CTaHTHo pa3BBjaJ!0. JI,o npe noqeiBa oBor paiaj 6HJie cy 
Bek CBe HecJOBCHaqKe 6aHKe HCTHCHyxe as cjioBena^Kor 
HauHjoHajHor TepBTopaja, caMo cy ce y Tpcxy jom HeKe 
36or TproBHHe Morje OApaaTii. 

npBa cjroBenaqKa 6aHKa ocHOBana je (1900.) y 
J\oy6jbBLEVi noA hmbhom „ Ji^y^jbaHCKa Kpe;iHTHa CasKa* 
qHJH je ynjialieHH *) ochobhh KanBTaj hshocho 2 mbjibjobe 



*) Aug. Einspinner; Dalmatien sonderstellen? Graz 1916. 
^) AoK ocflOBHfl KanHTSji BHje ynjia&eH, y AycTpo-yrapcKoj 
HHje 6aHKa CHOjia sanoqeTH esoj oocao. 



— 97 — 

xpyHa: JSfljb oBe 6aHRe fmo je noA;nBpaH»e ^proBHse b 
KHAycTpHJe. £aHRa ce ]sfl6fo pasBBjajia h CRopo je hobb- 
eHia CBOj KanHTai oa 2 Ha 4, o^ 4 Ha 8, a 3a BpeHe 
paxa (1916.) ca 8 na 12 VsjBjoBa Kpyna. Ona aP^h 
ABe DHBOfiape, no^ynHpe TproBHHy apbom, HHAycTpBjy jipsa 
H RepaMHqRy HH^ycTpHjy, ochm Tora je OMorytLHJia (1916.) 
ocHOBafte HOBor cjioseHa^Kor napo6poAapcKor ^ipymrBa y 
TpcTy, H noRaayje Tes^y aa npomnpeBeM CBor nocjio- 
B&jbB, H y ocTajiHH aycTpHjcRHM jyrocjioBeHCRHM RpajeBHua, 
3(5or Hera J^paH CBoje noApyacHHi^e y CnjHTy h CapajeBy, 
a y CJHOBeHa^RHM seMAaMa jom y ^eJIOB^y, TpcTy, To- 
pHi^H H n^ejby. no HBBeniTajy hs roAHHe 1912. hshocho je 
ocHOBHH RanHTaji 8 MHJTHjOHa Bpyna, pesepBHH ({)oha 
848.802 Rpyna, yjiore 13,237.170 Kpyna, AefiHTopa 
6,315.647 Rpyna, MeHHue h AeBHse 6,305.871 "Rpyna, 
3aJM0BH y3 sajior 3,493.522 Rpyne, Bpe;i;H0CHe xapTHje 
2,242 484 Rpyne, RpejUHTopn 15,130.350 Rpyna, noce^i, 
1,190.162 Rpyne, a hhcth npaxoA 664.476 Rpyna. Y oboj 
ro;^HHH 6Hjra je ;i;HBHfl;enAa 6 7o- 

J^pyra 6anKa ycTanoBHJra ce 1905. roAHne y Tpcxy 
no;i; nireHOH ^Jai^pancKa 6anEa". Ochobhh KanHTaj BesnH 
6ho je je;^aH Mnjinjon Rpyna. Y noqexEy je KannTaji 6ho 
se^HBOM cioBena^iRH, a Racnnje o^RaRo ce ona ({)y3HonH- 
caJia c JiajiHaTHncROH „XpBaTCROH BJepecnjcROH ^annoM^ 
HMa y 'h>oj AOCTa xpBaTCRor RanHiajia. M oBa 6aHRa ce 
;i;o5po pasBBJajia Da je Bei ro^. 1910. noBHCHJua CBoj Ka- 
DHTaJi nonoBO o^ 2 na 4, roj;. 1912. o;i; 4 na 8 h ro;i;. 
1916. OA 8 na 12 MHJiHJona Rpyna. CnoMenyTH Tpe6a, ;i,a 
je KOA pacnnca aKi^nja 6ho yneK RanHTaJi npe 3aE.£yHKa 
TepHHna npenjiaben. Hapo^nTa sa^aka one 6anRe je no- 
jtynHpaae MopcRor 6poAapcTBa h Tpancnopxa y IIpHMop- 
CKOJ H JI,aj![Maii;HJH. H>oj Tpe6a npHnncaTH ycTanoHjbe&e 



- 98- 

napo6poAapcRor ApyniTBa Q^ajmaivja'' h cneAHi^HOBor h 
TpancnopTOor ^^pyrnxBa ^BaJiKaH^ y Tpcxy. CBOje noApys- 
HHUe HMa osa 6aHRa Be^HHOH Ha o6aaH JaApaHCKor Mopa 
Kao y JI,y6poBH|iRy, KoTopy, MeTKOsH^y, GnjHTy, IIlHtieHERy, 
3aApy H OnaTHJH, caHO ce je^^na najiaSH y yHyTpamBOCTH y 
Jll3y6jbaHH. FoAHHe 1912. hshccbo je pesepsHH #ha Ja- 
ApancRe 6aHRe 642.283 Rpyne, mTeAHH yjiosH 6,556.868 
Rpyaa, Ae^HTopH 18,018.517 Rpyea, MepHi^e e A^BBse 
7,207.618 RpyHa, BpeAHOCHe xapraje 2,218.030 Rpyaa, 
RpeAHTopH 22,196.675 Rpyna, noceA 670.862 Rpyne, hbcth 
npnxoA 680.246 Rpysa, AHBHAeHAa 6 V2 %- 

Kao Tpej^a 6aHRa je 6H.ia.roAHEe 1912. ycTanoBj^eHa 
ffKpai&CRa jremejHa 6aHRa'' y Jl3y6jbaHH. OBa 6aHRa je 
ycTaHOB.a&eHa oa RpaKCRor noRpajsHCRor OA^opa flCK.£y- 
qHBo 3a xEnoTesapHH *e ROMynajiHH KpeAHT. Ma Aa je 
DOCTojajra jeABa RpaTRo Bpene, KesEH je i^ejioRyDaH npo- 
MCT (1914) H3H0CH0 Bet 112,076 616 Rpyna, a ihctb 
npHxoA 80.417 KpyBa. KcMyHaJiHH sajHOBH cy h3ho- 
CHJiH 6,973.788 RpyHa, xHnoTeHapHH saJMOBB 806.054 
Kpyne, JioM6apAHE 3ajM0BH 848.692 Rpyne, pesepBBH (t)OHA 
104.828 RpyHa. 

OcHM cnoMeHyTHx 6aHaRa hoctoje y jby6jbaHH jom 
H jeAHa npEBaTHa 6aHRa. FoAHHe 1914. 6hjio je pacna- 
caHO uoTHHCHBa^e aRiuBja sa HOBy ^XpBaTCRO-cJioBeHCRy 
6aHRy", c ocHOBHHM RanETajiOH OA '^ MHjiHjOHa Rpyna h 
ca ceAHHiTeM y 3arpe6y, a noApy^HHi^OM y Jby6AaHH. 
KaHHTaj 3a cyncRpHni^Ejy je 6ho BelL ocsrypaH, Bet cy 
6Ejm E JOEajiE yseTH noA 3aRyni aJiE 36or Heno3HaTHX 
pa3Jiora HHje Aomjo ao nocjioBaEba. y jby^AaHE cy ocho- 
Bane 3a Bpene paTa (1916.) abo hobb cjroBeHaqRe 6aHRe 
ca OCHOBHHM KanETaJEOM CBaRa OA 1 MEJiHjoHa Rpyna. 
JeAHa OA KHX „niEpcRa fiaHRa** so^ejia je cBoje nocjio- 



Baae c hoboh foahhox 1917., aok ce o nocjoBa&; 
T, }. „3aApysHe CanKe" join ne bhb BaniTa. 

H aso je j cJOBeHa^BHM spajeBaiia ocuti 
CBBX BpCTa Hanijro BOjt oapoAa bbjihb oashb (cKop 
Da H HsjcxpoJiHHJa ceJbaHBB E^a je ocHrjpaBa 
nosapa, pannpeao je ocHrypane cTOKe, Ha scbbo' 
THB mreTe oa rpa^a) nnaK cy CjoseHiiH je^Ba x 
jifl jekflor CKpoMHoi' ocirypaBajjlier ipyniTBa npo 
sapa. 3aTo cy jane sacTyuasa oCHrypaGBJylia np 
Apyras napoAa, oa kojhx cy HajnosHaiBja North 
JI,yHaB, CiaBHJa, Rtunione Adriatica, Assicurazii 
nerali h Phoenix- 7 nocjieiae Bpeiie no?eio ce 
jaTH ocHrypasaae ctokc nyxeii sajpyra co ni 
yaajaHHOCTH. 



r. CouiMJayiMM npo6;ieMM. 



Ilpena CTaTHCTHHKHM nOAETAHHa 1900. roA- 6hjio je 
75 7o Cjoeenai^a seM^opaAHBRa, 13 7o ^^ je 6isjio sano- 
CJECHHX y saHaTy h HHAycTpajH, 4 7o ce 6aBHJ!o xproBH- 
HOM a 8 7o Hx je 6ejlo npHBaTHHX h ;ipacaBHBx ^HHOBHSKa 
H Apyrnx. CjoseHa^RH cejba^RH (seM^opaAHH^RB) cxaJieaB 
HojB H3H0CB 74 uejoRyHHor cTaHOBHBiDTfa, BesaH je HE 
CBojy 3eMJbj H He ocxaBAa je BHRa^ bs j^pyror pasjiora 
ocHM aRO je Ha to npHCH^eH, hito ce 86or H>eroBor va- 
jior noce^a roa Hiera ^ocTa ^ecTo AemaBa. 3a BanymTa&e 
HMama h Tpamese sapajce na ApyroM MecTy ^ome ce ko;^ 
CJioBenaHRor ce.£aKa HaBecTH y rjiaBHOM Tpa pa3Jiora h to, 
1) aRb je nocTao H>eroB eROHOMCKH nojosaj HeB8ji,pxABB 
B aRO ce Ha^a ^a . ^e mo^b na ApyroM mecTy BBme sapa- 
ABTB H TBMe CBOJ Bojosaj BonpaBBTH) 2) aRO je 36or 
npBCBJiHe (cyACRe) opoAaje BuaBa npBCBAeH TpasETH 
aapa^e na APyroM necTy h 3) aRo je 6poj cew^ba^ne no- 
poAHnie 36or BejiBRor 6poja Aei];e TaRO BejiBR, ^a neiia 
sa CBe AOBOAHO pa^a h Hory^nocTH BS^ipsaBafta. J np- 
BOM cjiy^ajy nyryje ^oce;^HBB (ce^aR) cbm, aRO je cjBBine 
y ro;i;BHaHa OH^a B^e y cbct onaj cbh rojb je o^pe^eH 
3a nacjiejiiHBRa, a ocxaJia nopoAHi^a y rojibho je noTpeCna 
3a o6pa]^BBaae BMasba ocTaje roa H;&e. Obb Jbyjun Tpase 
peAOBHo TemaK b AO(>po Harpa]^BBaH pa^ na ce oneT Bpa- 
lajy CBoJHM RyliaMa ca 3apa]^eHBM HOBii;eM a noKBapeHBM 



i 



- 101 - 
SApaBAeK. y jpyroH c^y^ajy nyx^jy qHiaee nopoAHUe, 

KOJe Ce Aei[lHHHTHBHO paCTfpe ^HH Cy ABBA AOBOAHO P.0- 

pacja. Abo ce OBe nopoAHite hjh ■ubhobh obhx nopo^Hiia 
Hceie, BHine ce y CBOjy OTaqfiniiy Be spiAajy, aafiopase 
je, a sHxoBa ji,enfi pejioBHO b cjtOBeHa^BH jesBK. PojiHTfAH 
OBasBHX nopOABi(a nocTajy y CBoje CTape roAHBe Kao 
Hesej&esH focth chpothkckhx xouoBa. J Tpebeu oiy^ajy 
HanymTajy cyBHmHe pa^ee cnare cBoje oraHmTe, nps- 
xBaiajy ce Apyror nocaa hih nyTjjy b Bpaiajy ce y Be- 
ypeAHHH oepBOjtaiia. IIpBa CKyBBHa ^aje Bce^eBBEe na 
Ayse speue (npHBpeHeHe), APyra HcejbesHBe y npaBou 
CHHCJiy pe<iB (TpaJBe), a Tpeba cKyoHBa (ay^ecTByje Ba 
yHyxpaameH nyTOBas>y h nepBOiBHKOH Bce.&aBaiby. 

CeaoHCHo yHymapne nymoeaite nojaBAyje ce. koa 
c^iOBBHa^KOr seHAopaAHH^Ror CTaHOBBBmTEa y BBiue cjiy- 
gajesa k nos. p'asjHqBHH <{>opHaiia. HajqemKe je nojiaaieibe 
cajHoea (aasapa). y 0Ape|eHHH AaHHwa 0Ap»aBajy ce po 
rpa^OBHua h cejHua caJHOBB sa CTOKy a Apyre noipeCe, 
EDJH npiiBJiaie ce^ase bs OABAesBX Bpajesa, rAe obb 
HaOaBAajy bjtb npuAaB'ajy cTOsy b Apyre y KybB noTpefiae 
cTBapB. MaorH eajBOBB Tpajy no BHtne Aasa. MecTo b 
HHoro6poJEO noce&yjy cJoseBaiKH cejbau^ b ee^HKe ae- 
Aejbae cajHOBe y 3arpe6y, BejHKOj TopHiiH b KapjoBi^y 
y XpBaTCEOj y KojBH npBJiaHaiia ocTasAajy caoje AOiioBe 
3a Bflme Aaaa. Apyi'^ o6jbk obbs nyroBaaa je laKossaBa 
„iSoxja nor" vaji ^poMBKe" (nponiTeH>a, xoAOHaniba). 
Osaj aa^HH ByroBaaa nonymTa cayAa y KOpacT Asejy 
EpajeBa (Bpeaje a Hobb lypx y KpaacEoj). Ocofiaio je 
Ha rjacy Bpesje, ByAa ce xoAoqamte opraaBsoBajo y 
noc;ieAfte speHe y cenapaiaHH BosoBHua. JI,aAe Aasajy 
ooBOAB 9a nyTOBaaa h „Coso;ickb cjexOBH", Koje ynpa- 
xai&BiL gCoKoicKB Cases" a^a jeAsa vxh Bame oa ceAaH 



s 



— 102 — 

nocToje&Hx Corojcbhx ^yna, Ha KOJBira yqecTsyje ao 
1000 GosoJia; ^sube h ^IleBaHBH cjeTOBH" y FopH^Koj 
napo^HTo y TojMHHy, rojh npHBjra?e ochu Be&er 6po]a 
neBaqKHX APyniTaBa join h BeJHRH 6poj jby^H. IIpHCH- 
jbeno cesoflCKo ynyTapibe nyTOBa&e je h BojHHiKa cjiys6a, 
Boja Tpaje 2-^4 roAHHe. Uojs, ({)opMOM Tpaaceaa scmao- 
paAHH^Kor pa^a nocToJH caMO TaKOSsaHo „b xHe^ htb'^, 
Koje Tpaje oa Kpaja ayrycTa }s,o spaja ceiiTeM6pa. Hs 
jifiJLme CaBCKe jifiJLJLEe nyTyjy ;^eBojKe h momi^h, kojh ce 
Mopajy 36or TemKHX xMa&eBHX 6aHAepa o^jHROBaTH CBa- 
roM, Ha paA na XMBAesHM KHBana y CaBHH>CHy ;^ojiiHHy 
y niTajepcRoj. CesoHCRH ce BpniH h Tpanceme pa^a MaJTHx 
HOceAHHRa H ce^aHRHx HoiiaRa y py;(HHi];HMa, ts.q npHnajy 
paA OA nocjenibe seTBe ;i;o npoJieta, ^or je Tpaseae 
pa^a y TBopHHi^aMa caMo o;( Bpeuena Ba BpeMe t. j. Ea^ 
Hua 3eMAopa;i;HHR BpeMena, on npejiasi^ 3a RpaTRo npeiie 

Ha TBOpHH^RH pa^. 

JaKo je pasBHJeHO roa Gj[OBeHaii;a nymoeawe y 'ipad, 
niTo ce Moace onpaBAaTH TeaeBOM 3a 6ojbHM shbotom h 
60AOM aapaj;oM. Obo je nyTOBaae CBy;ta je^HaKO jaHo» 
ajEH ce HapoHHTo onaatajo y TpcTy, ^ok je ocTajio y 
rpa^niy 36or HeiiaHRor TepopH3Ma Heno3BaBaoiiy npHjiHEa 
CBopo 3;oi]^ej[a npHEpHBeHO, h ano je y obom rpajiy h 
KeroBoj Haj6j[H»oj orojihhh pa^^BJio BHme oa 50.000 Cjo- 
BeHan;a. Y npBOM pe;iiy oa obhx rojh nyxyjy y rpa^ na- 
jase ce MjiawiH oji, 15 — 17 roAHHa, rojh H^y Rao 
merpTH y TproBHHy h 3aHaT, Rao h ;i;eBojRe Roje Tpase 
cjymfie Rao cjymRHBe b Ryxapnij^e. 0;i; obbx ce peTRo 
EO Bpata CBOjoj po;i;HTeACRoj RytH. Y ApyroM pe;iiy ao- 
Jiase y o63Hp bojhhii;h rojh cy o^i^cjiysHjiH cboj bojhh^rh 
poR H npHj[a3e y cjiyjRdy asan^i^apHepHje h ii;apHHCKe 
CTpaace hjh Tpaace asejieBHH^Re, npHBaTHe h;i;h AP^aBHe 



- 103 - 

cjiy»6e y rpaiy, r^e h ociajy aa jbck- ^&s>e 
rpaAOBe noAO<j)HiiHpH, kojb H^y nocje 12-roAB 
HB^Ke exjxSe y qHHOBHBKe, r^e ce oChhho rfl|i 
7 TpefceH peAf AOJase y o63Bp Hja^ ceAa^B 
EOJH npejiase HHjycTpflJH a aspo^BTo py^apcTB 
AeHflan, rM.e nory nocTHfcH Eao HajBBDie uetiv 
rjieAHHRB, pe^e saBBor HBxer iBBOBBHBa y d! 
BJB imiiemfie nocTBJy Ao6pB npsopaUHBAB. Abi 
pajB jbynK, BoJHH je aockahjio seiiJbopaABBniTBO 
CJijxOe Eao cJtyre, BassopEHKB Hara^flBs. c, 

H T. A. Kao B TaKOSsaHB nnpeBXfLTBapJB", 

ocTasHJiB cBoje HHaKe cboh sacJieABBBy ys rOA 
sRBOTHy peHTy b Kpe&y y Gxuxma rpaA, rAe 
Apyre aapBAe. 

Kao yayTapEe nyTOBBfte Tpe6a cuaTpaTB 
ca cmpaHiiUMa, kojh ce jom ae npocTiipe np 
cJioBeBaiBBX Bpajesa, ajB fipso HanpeAyje y 
Aeiy, Kao jeABov oa aajienmHS Aejosa y AAoaHj 
3a npomapeibe b npovfluaae oBor npoueTa 
„GAOBeBCEO DjaBBBCBO APymTBo" B ,JI,pymTBO : 
ca crpaa^HKa" y JhY6jb&ES. Ocbh Tora npBBja' 
raaopT y BoxBB (ropeBCBa). 3a yAoiSBocT cxpaB 
ce cioBeBaiHO sorejcBO aBBfljcEo ApymTBo, xai 

XOTeJB B BpBBaTBBI^H, BOJH BU AO-Hft^e IDTO 

BRine y cycpei. lis Be^a, FpaAUa, 3arpel!a 
xpBaTCKBx H yrapcKBs BaponiB paAO ce noisas 
Baqae Bpajeae Ba ce^o, oa b cTaBOBHamTBe cji 
rpaAOBa pa^o bx BanymTa Bo^eTKOu jyja A& ' 
Ao Kpaj ayrycTa y BJiasHBaiia bab ha cejy. Toe 
6aiba, OA EojBX je HajaosBaTHJe obo y Porari 
Ayjy ce seb Heceqa uaja h aojibsc b 0A>ia3e 
jeceH. MoByMeHxaAEa CattCKa arpasa y Poraia 



- 104 - 

THHH Roja je CTEjajia 1 V2 MHJiHjoBa Kpyaa, Hsropejia je 
ro^HHe 1912., aJiH ce no^e^a oAMax rpa^BTH Hoiea. Upo- 
MOT ca CTpaHii;HHa nanpeAyje h ^axo mTo CjioBenii^H seajy 
;i;ocTa cTpaHBx jesHsa. 

j9[pyra c[)opMa nyTOBafi»a GjOBeHaii;a je ucejbueawe, 
Boje Hapo^HTO npoHHHy Mo^epBa, je^ijLBE h 6p3a npo 
HeTHa cpeACTBa h nyxeBH. Ako ce nouHCJiH Aa ce cjose- 
HaHKH nce.&eBHK Horao nojaBBTH ea 54 Kpyae y ceBepBO 
HeifaqRflM HHAycxpHjcKBH KpajeBHMa; EjLvi Aa ce Horao 
nocjie 10 — 12 AHCBHor nyTOBaaa ja TpoinaK oa 100 ao 
120 Kpyna HCKpuiaTH y CeBepHoj Amcphi^h, OHAa HHJe 
HyAo aBO ce obhm cpeACTBHMa nocJiyaKHo, Hapo^HTo aKO 
ce HaAao Ao6poj sapaAH h ycnexy, kojh je 36or CBOJe 
MapjBHBOCTH MHoro nyTa h nocTarao. UpnepeMenot tdcejbu- 
eaiba 6hjio je caMo koa MymKBX 3eHAopaAHHEa, jep cy 
caMo HyniBH hbijih ea paA y xpsaxcBe myMe, y neMa^EO- 
aycTpHjcKe h ceBepHoneMa^Ke HHAycTpHjcKe h pyAapcKe 
KpajeBe Pype h BecT^aJieHa, Kao h y CeBepHy AnepaKy, 
AOK cy sencRH Hce^enBUH mnjiH HaJBBine y XpsaTcny, 
aycTpHjcKO-HeMa^Ke rpaAOBe h EranaT a TeK y nocje- 
'AH»e Bpeiie no^ejie cy ce h «eHe cejiHTH y AnepHKy. 
Meoro cjia6HJe je MymKO HceAHBaH»e y YrapcKy h PycHjy 
(BaBKa3). CTaae cjiOBeHaqKHx Hce^eBHKa y. aycTpajcKO- 

HeMa^RHM HHAyCTpHJCKHM EpajeSHHa, HOrJIO 6b Ba OCHOBH 

npoi^eHe cjoBenaqEHx HapoAHO-oA6paB6eHBx ApyniTflBa 
H3H0CHTH OKO 80— 100.000 AyAH, EOJH cy 6hm koa 8Ea- 
HH^Hor 6pojeH»a 36or jesBsa eojhm ce cjiy»e nporjraiiieHH 
cBH 3a HeMi^e. Ha oeaj hcth na^HH B3rHHyj[o je boa 
THTyjiOM jjAycTpHjaaai^a" h obhx 50 — 70.000 CjioBeHan.a 
y ceeepHo-BeMa^KHM HHAycxpHJCKHM h pyAapcKHM Kpaje- 
BHMa Pype h BecT^aJiesa. To. hcto ce AecHJio h ohhm 
2 — 3000 CjiOBeHan;a h CiiOBeHKHBa y Kaapy h AjieEcaH- 



\->3^P^-' 



— 105 - 

jtpBJH, r^e cy HS^psaBajiH je^Hy hjh ABe CBoje niKOJie. 
CjOBeHaHRH npHBpeMeHH Hce^eHHiiH, noEasy jy CBy^^a TeaB&y 
Aa ce opraHHsyjy h ^a Heryjy y ApyniTBy cboj jesHK h 
neciiy. Cauo y Fpa^i^y obom ^BajHeiiaHRBjeM rpa;(y^ saso 
ra HeuoH easHBajy nocTOJH 12 pasjrH^HBx cjofieHaqEHX 
ApyniTasa oa kojhx 6poJH jyrocjiOBeHCKo coii.HJajiHo Aeuo- 
EpaTCKO ApyniTBO »JI,aHBua*' npeBo 300 ^jsaeoBa, Bapo;iHO- 
HanpeAHo (jafiepajiHo) APyniTBo ^^oHOBHsa'' npeEo 500, 
EjepHRajHo-HauHOHaiHO „Kpec^, npeso 400, ji,ok 6po] 
^jiaHOBa y APyrnH ;(pyniTBHHa sapHpa mue%y 50 h 400. 
Ofie opraHHsai^Hje Tpefa npHOEcaTH HaJBBine fa^y asa- 
AeMCse OMJiaAHHe. %hbot h 3aHHifaH»e je y ApymTBHua 
BejiHRo, jep cy cbh a^hh y He^ewbH HcnyH>eHH c nporpaM- 
HHM Ta^EaHa sao npeAaBasbe, nesaHie, cBHpaxbe, srpaxbe 
H Apyro. y HeMa^KHM HHnycTpHJcEBM EpajeBHMa Pype no- 
CTOJB HeEojiHKO py^apcRHx APyniTasa, oa eojbx saysHBia 
B^pyniTBo Cb. Bap6ape" (aaniTBTHHi^a py^apa) npBo Me- 
CTo. H SOA aMepHHsor ucei&eHHinTBa jeje^an ji,eo caMo 
npHBpeMeH^ AOE ce Apyrji Aeo cacTOJH h3 cmaAHvx uce- 
jbeHuKa I],ejiOKynaB 6poj cbbx CjiOBenai^a y yjeAHBeHHH 
jI^psaBaHa GeBepne AnepHKe Morao 6h hshochth oso 
150.000 AyAH, a oaBHe ROJiOHHje cy hm ^HEaro, Kjiese- 
jiaHA, EbyjopE, IlHi^6ypr. TaMoniRH CjiOBeBii,H opraBHSo- 
saHH cy y seJEROM 6pejy y TaR03BaBEM „6paTOBin^0HaHa", 
Eoje ocHrypaBajy CBoje ^jiaHOBe 3a CJiy^aj fioJiecTB, He- 
sro^e H CMpTH, a na asawiocT Henajy HEEaRBe nieHTpajiHe 
opraHH3ai^Hje, Hs CTape oTanfiHHe AonejiH cy co6om 6ec- 
KopHCHe H^ MHorb nyTa CMemHe cTpaH^apcse cnopoBe h 
y AiiepHiiB HX HacTaBHJiH y pasjiHHHHM sapnjaiiBjaMa, mTo 
je npoyspo^HJEO join Bety ^o^e^aHocT h saOopaBAaae 
CBOJHX H napoAHBx BBTepec a TaRO 3Ba^H ABBac cbbeh oa 
12 cJEOBeaa^RHx jiHCTOBa, eojh HSJiase y AMepHii^H cBojy 



— 106 - 

[tcy sa ee6e, a csaRH „ coiy sap" (Kft<t>c|Bia) HMa 

rpyny iyiH- 

yceAuaatbe y, cjOBena^Ke Kpajese je jijocTa kaxo. 
peMeno ce Aocejte HTajiHjaECKH yr^apn h shx&ph h 
Svao y npoJie&e, na ce ohct pe^oBBo y jecen ojif 
T. j. Bpalajy Bybn. npHspeueHo ce ^oceJie h He- 
a HpBBaTHH H ApzaBBH ^HHOBBHiw a Aojsse nocjie 
Ba OA-aacBa onei jpyrn. Y nocJieAKeu j;ei;eBHJy npH- 
BHo ce AOcejHJo csaKe roAUBe oro cto pycKBx ce- 
Hx uoMaKa, Koje je nocJiaio „PycKoje Sjepao" hoa 
tna^KHX seHfopaABHa aa pax h o6yKy. Cmajmu xo- 
SHitH ay caao BeHaiKH EoiOHHCTe, BOJBHa EyDyjy 
mark" h sHeimstattenbank" noceie, no^ynapy hx 
oTpeG^aBajy sa HeHaise aaitHOHajiBe arsTaTope a 
araTope EapoAHe Hpsae. 

PadituHKo numaibe je BOA CJioBeaaiia yje^ao a bbsbo 
^HO-BOJiaTHqxo HBTaKe. PaAeBBK, ROJM npe 20 roABBa 

6ao HBHaKQ opraaasoBaB, dao je oa rasxe Bornyao 
:aB, a y npaBaiBBH Bao a y ApsaBBKM Bpe^iysebaua 
je B3Jio»eB Hajjaqea repHaaaaaTopcKOH npBTBCEy. 
! Tora pBAeaBB, jep Huje 6bo opraBBsosaa, aaje uo- 
aaxafl aaniTa y cBojy Kopacx nociBta. Kaj cy ce 
saje npBe conajajHO-AeuoKpaTCKe paAHa^xe opraaa- 
je naoro hito ce nocTBrjio y norjiejty aa npaBO a 
EiAy paAeaBEa, ajx ce obc opraaBSaiiaje bbkba aacy 
yje aa sa Han,BoaajiBe Texme, bb sa BanaoeajiBa 
a — jep cy 6iiSB BBTepHaiiaoBaJiHCTe. Jl,a ce Toue 
ycpeiae, a yjewo a fipaae apasa a saxTesa pase- 
, OKyBBJB cy ce roA. 1905, CJOBeaaHxa HKiqioBajiBB 
oania a ocaoaaJiB ao ysopy Temxe HaiiaoaajiBD-coiia- 
3 opraaaaaiiaje cBojy „Haposay ^eJiaBCKy opraaHsa- 
' y TpcTy. nap ro^aBa Eacaaje ocaosaBa je onex y 



- 107 — 

TpcTy HOBa opraHH3ai(HJB — oner Ban 
je o6;x8aTa3a nfio ay ctpBJCKn cjOBeBCtCH 
,JyrociOBaHCBa xezeaaH^apcEa opraHH^ 
;(eJHJia y CBOjeH yayrap&eH cacTasy y 
HOBEHiKf cesi(B]y, 

06e one opraHHSauBje saySBuajie 
sa BaQHOHaiHe h sa cBoje CTajieniKe hb 
cy y TOM npaBity QjioDaraHjoH, opraBHsn 
(Son. JI,oCKopa cy sanue cbojbx opHcia 
pacjie noApysHe opraflRsaiiHJe, Eoje cy 
y TpcTy KpenKO noiynHpaie. „HapoAH 
EBsai^ja" HSABBaja je XBa CBOja JHCTa 
a ApyrH y jhyCAaBH, eojh je 6bo no 
BiaciH 3a6paKeH. Hao6paKaBaj}&B pai d 
BBH jasBBH npexaBaBBHa h y ocHBfiaBi 
SHHKa. y Tpciy h FopBttH ocHoeaBH c 
hobh" (pajEHH^se jipymiBeBe Ky&e), kc 
opraHHSaitHOBH ttesTpH, ca6Hpa^iiiDTa hi 
HBOiTBa, cue cy ce OApsaeaJie ^ipyiiiTBeHe 
QpeAaaaaa, KOBi^eprH h t. a. Ilocje j( 
oncraHsa OBa pa^eBH^Ba opraHBSaiiBJa i 
BaiB CBOjf paxeHH^By HySBKy on 40 jb] 
noKasHBaTH h roa BsSopa y Tpcxy Ka< 
„JyrocjoeaHCKa sejesna^apciia opraBBSi 
cBOj nFjacBBK JyrocjiOBaHCKe se,ie3BH< 
nBje". Oaa ce y rjiasHOH Copma npo 
iiaqKor qHBOBBHniTBa H nepcoHaJia aa i 
Beaa^KBH KpajeBHHa h y ton je h ycnesaj 
B^acTB cy npBy opraHHsai^HJy OAHax pa 
apyroj aafipaHHje npHBpeiieBo (jiyHKiiH; 
(1917.) noBOBO AosBOJiBJie. HfliepBaitBO 
xeHOKpaTCEB opraBHSai^ja 6BJia je y 



- 108 - 

sasHCHa 6ap AynieBHO — ox HeMa^Ke coii;HJajiHe j^eMO- 
spaxcKe ({)paBi];HJe. Ea;i; ce Maio ojaqajsa ocjio6a]^ajra ce 
OBor ^CHpeKTHor ynJHSHcaKa b AO^HJia c jihctom ^F^e^H 
npanop** (^pBeHH fiapjaE) cboj npBH opran. FoAHHe 1907. 
oflipaao ce y Beorpa;iiy coii;BaJiHo-AeMOKpaTCKH KOHrpec, 
Ha ROMe je HpHMjbeH Ha npe^Jor cjiOBesaHKor vnbuxeB 
HHEa H paAHH^Ror Bo^e ET6HHa KpHCTaea npe^Jior, ;ia 
Tpe6a 3a cse JyrocjroBeHe nocTojaxH caMo je^na coi^HJajiBo- 
AeMOBpaTCKa CTpaHKa doa HMenoM „Jyrocj[OBeHCBa coi^h- 
]ajrH0-3;eM0KpaTCKa cTpaHKa". 0;i; OBor BpeMena h cjroBe- 
HaqKa coi^HjajE-AeMOKpaTCKa CTpanKa hoch obo hmb. ^h- 
TaBy cTpaHKy c opraHHSaii^HjaMa h jiHCTOBHMa cy BJiacTH 
y no^eTKy pata yryniHjie. CnoMeHyxH Tpe6a join jeAHy 
paj^HHqfiy opraHHsaniHjy, Roja je Aanac jom opapenaK 
cjiOBeHa^Re RjiepHRajHe ny^Re cxpaHHe, aiiH ce Ao6po 
pa3BHja, HB^aje ^Ba jiHCia h b6eiaje nocTaiH c BpeMe- 
HOM caMocTajsHa CTpaBRa.To je xpHiBtancKo coi^BjajiBa op- 
raHH3aiXB}a y jby^AaHB. OBa opraHH3aii;Bja sa ca^a »bbh 
CRopo caMo OA Ay6jbaHCRBx, bapbjcrbx h jaceHH^EHx 
TBopHH^RHx pa^eHBRa B pa^eHBnia. 

OBe opraHB3aii;BJe Roje npeACTaBjLajy absl CMepa — 
Ha^H0HaJIHH H HHTepHaii;HOHaJ!HH — cjarajre cy ce y no- 
rj[e;iiy CBoJBX CTajiemRBx BHiepeca, ajiH yBeR 6h ce pac- 
UfiuvLJie y CTBapBua naniHOHaJiBSMa. TaRO h np. y TpcTy 
r;i;e nocToja h BTaJiajaHCRa co^BjaJIHo-;^eMOKpaTCRa 
CTpaHRa,. 6BJie cy cbo opraHB3ai];Bje t. j. cjioBeHa^Ra na- 
ii;BOHaiiHO-con;Bjaj[Ha, jyrocjioBeHCRa b BxajiBjaBCBa con,B- 
jaiHo-AeHORpaTCRa CTpaHRa sa cjEomno HacTyna^e sa 
pa^HB^Re BHTepece, ajiH cy ce o;i;Max pasBmjie Ra^ je 
AoniJia y nBxaibe Bapoji,Ha paBHonpaBHOCT CjioEecai^a npaM 
HiajiBJaHa h CBe je najio y Bo;ty. Ycnexe je nocTBsaBajia 
caMO „JyrocjiOBaHCRa sejesHB^apcRa oprasHsai^BJa", r^e 
cy ce 6opB;iH hbhobhbii;h sa acejiesHB^apcRe pa^^HBRe, a 



~ 109 — 

paxeBZKH sa ^HHOBBBEe. ycoex Tpe6a npBOHcaTi! BaJBBBie 
Toue niTo je ob& opraHHsai^ja aaiL&y^HJa cases c lem- 
KOH B noACBOH sejesBBwapcKOu opraHBsaiiBJGH. Xy^a 
„JyrocjioBaBCKe xe.ae3BHqapcKe opraHBBanBie" jeci — 
aso jom XHBB — na^eJEBi Bapracoa. 

Pa^Bfl^Ke apumie y cbhh oGptbbh CTpynaua cy 
jom BeoHa BeBOBOABe, laKo b. Bp. bito ce xaie pa^Bor 
BpeueBa, BarpaAe. CTaBora h oCBrypaE>a. Pa^Bo Bpeue 
je cKopo y CBHH pyxBBi^HHa B npeAyaefcima aa AofiBBS&e 
BOBHBa fl3 pyAa, sao h HBxycTpBJCKBH BpeAysebHHa pas- 
jBqso. y pyABBi^Ha sa cMe^H yrjBCB paAHJio je oa cbbx 
py^apa 38 "/^ g cbth AseBBO, 31 'U 9 caTH, 57» 10 cars, 
25% II caTH H IVo 12 caiH ahbbbo,- y ocTaaBB pyA- 
HBi^BHa paAHjro je 22 7o paAeBBKa 8 cbth ahgbbo, 37 Vo 
9 caTH, 6Yo 10 caTH, 177o H caTB h IS"/,) 19 caiK 
AseBBo. Bpoj paABBx A&Ha Ba paAeBBsa h roAHsy hsho- 
cho je 297 h 70 BepasBBX A^Ha, ox kojhs je 6ajo 60 
HpaaHHKa b oa npeAyseba cjoCuahbx AaBa, a 10 abbo. 
oABBAa roABBitte Ba ^ojiecTH, OAcycTBo paAeBHKa h Apyro 
B30CTajaQ.e oa paAa. PaABBB^Ka aarpaAa (ojaia) ocTaB^a 
UBoro cjotioAe epbthiib, bito je obct jcabb oa pasjiora, 
samio cJiOBeeaiKB paAesBK paAo OAJiasa npeica- cesepy 
r^e cy 6ojbB oahocb h 36or ^era AO^ase Ba KeroBo hccto 
HabeAOBCKB, 6ocaBCEB H yrapcKB paAeHHUB. "iBCTa sa- 
paAa paACHHBa Ha pyAH b iberosor BOHO&HBKa hshoch 
Ba AaB 3'12 xpyBa, OApacJor pyjapcKor paACBBEa boa 
seNAOH 302 Kpyse, OApacJior pyAapcaor paseBHEa sa 
cGoTJiy 2-72 EpyHe, luaABfea 1.46 EpyBe b aeacEor pa- 
AeHHBa r63 Kpyse apoce?He sapaA^ ro^Hae 1910. To- 
ABBitte ce OA sapaAe OA^BJe pa^ieazEy na pyAH Kao r ■ 
neroBOH nOHobBBEy no 72.75 spyaa oa TOra 15*90 Rpyaa 
sa cBpase, oApacJioH pyA&pcEou paA^BBEy noA seu^OH 
67'8S Epyaa sa capase 12*94 Epyna, OApacJiOH pyAapcEOH 



- 110 - 

ly Ha cBeTJiy 53*93 Kpyne, Mjawfey 4585 KpyHa 
ise 13'21 spyHa h xchcsoh paA^HHsy 26*21 Kpyaa. 
ijlHHK ma y pyAHHi^Hiia sa cve^H yrjteH npoce^Ho 
roAHiuKe nzaie y HOBitf 1433-73 spyHa h xoAaTaK 
pH y BpejBocTH'oA 178.46 Kpyna. Taito hcto je 
uaTa H KOJt npe^ysefca lia AofiHBSKe KOBana as 
ApssBBa TBopHHiia EoCHTpa y U^e^y n^afcajia je 
vm pajia 2.'60 — 4.20 spyaa, noHoisHU paAeHHiiHua 

on 12 caTU 2-20 — 2 fiO Kpyne, a Coahh pajieHH- 
i'60 Kpyae; TBopBHtce ojioBa njia&aje cy TonHoiiHiia 
japBua 3a 10 — 12 caTH pa^a 3.06 Kpyaa, noHob- 
weHHiiama 3a pajt ojs. 10 eaTH 3-33 Kpyne, a men- 
lapaj OA 10 caTH 1*58 Kpynaiy apaaBHOM npe^y- 
i Ao^HBaBe XHBe hs py^e y Hipaju nia&ajo ce- 
BO BaArJieAHBEy sa paA oa 8 — 10 caxH qHcinx 
pyna (oa 4-50—7-42 Kpyna), a paAeHBKy ^hcthx 
pyHe; VHCTa eapaAa paAeHHsa na .njaBKBHa" y 
asHOCHJa je npoGeqso sa paA oa 10 caTH 4 spyne ') 

HSBeniTaJHHa o6pthhx HaASopsBKa b3 roABHe 1903. 
&HJIO ce caera 6437 paAesHKa, oa bojhx oAnaAa Ha 

lllTajepcKy 2276 (rpa^sHHapCTBO 22 7oi "HAy- 

KOBHHa 16% H apOi Ha EopymRy 641 (rpa^esH- 
) 37 7p, HHAycTpHJa Apaa 15 "/o. HHAycTpHja xap- 

"/„ H AP-)i sa Kpaacay 299 (rpaJieBHHapcTBo 
HHAyCTpsja EaueHa, rjuae, 3eii.se h cxaR^a l5*>/o. 
pBJa Apsa 8 % H Ap.) H Ba cjoseHaqxH a^o IIp?- 

322 (HHAycTpHJa CTpojesa 43 7o. rpa^eBHHapCTBO 
H AP-). FoAHHe 1910. Chjto je yfinjeffBx y pjahh- 
iJioBeHa^Ke HaiptonaAHe TepHTopnje 11 paAeHBKa, 
K) paaeHHx 112 k to yc^eA concTseHe KpHBBe 58, 

1 Jahrbuch dea oeaterr. Ministeriiims I. oeffentliche Ai'bei- 
),: Statistik des Bergbaties. KBir& 11.- 



- Ill - 

ycMS. xpEBae cioSex nanp&Ba y npexyse&y h cji] 
a 11 ycxen Ty|e KpHBKe. 7 npeAysebaiia sa ;i 
KOBHHa H3 pyAH ^ecHJio ce hctb roAHHe 8 necpf 
cy ce aaBpDiHJe 2 ca cvpby, a ocTaje c Temaiiic 
Heaa seba p&AHH^ica npeA^seba 6pHHy ce h 3a ] 
ciaHOBe, ajH ne saxo a^ 6h paAeHBi^H hofjs y^i 
sApaBHje cTaHOBBTH, Hero 3aTo jep yoaniTe seice 
cxaBOBa y fijBSHHH. Cbc y OBy cepxy HanpaB^es 
ties BSyseiEa nesApaBe cy Bacapne, y KOJBHa 
jeETHKa, Apyre sapaane CoJiecTH h HeMopaj. J 
pyABHHKHH npeAyaebHHa onex, r^e Beva aoboaho 
Bsu an yoniDTe Heaa, xaje ce paAeHHqBiia c coi 
AOAaTaK 3a cxan 3—5 Kpyaa Mece^Ho. Pjahh^ 
TBja a Apyre xHrajeHCEe ycxasoae He nocTOJi 
ocHU mxo ApxasHa TBopBuita aocHTpa y lie 
KynaxHJio. Y oamre BJaA& BeJHKH Heuap cbi 
Ayseba npena paAeHHi;uHa na je to hob y3poi 
cy cjioBeBaqsH paxeHHi^H Banymxa^n oBa npeAyse 
JESHJIH y HCHaqKe apajeBe h y HHOcxpaHCXBO 
HorJiB BHme saAOBOj^exn cbojhh xhbothhu no 
MaAO BHme ce fipanyjo sa 6oJiHHne da kojhx je i 
5 pyAHH^KHS. MaH>e ce 6pHHyjo sa hikojictbo, 
caHo pyAHHi(H y TpfioBfaua h ApvaBHH y HitpB 
HtauajiH CBaKB no . jeAay Heua^Eo-cjtoBeHaiRy 
HiKojy, a APyra^e cy cbh pyAQBiiH noAynnpaji 
rySHOCTH maojie HenaqKor „Schu]verein-a", Eojt 
XBtB repHaHHSauHJH. Obh paAeHHt^n uopajy 6hi 
paHH sa cjiyiiaj 6oJecTH b necpefea, a npaBo na 
HHajy caHO ohb y ApiKaBHOH pyAHHay XHBe y 
IlpHBaTHOu HHBiiBjaXHBOH ocHOBaxH cy paAeHi 
CBCTBa H KOHSyuHa APynixBa, neBa^Ke h uysHiae 

HHXaOHHIie H T. A- 



Swlb'iHiK, 



UIto cho caiBaSH h3 oBor npHsasa? CaasajH cuo, 
ly Gsoseaufi BelHHoH seHJbopaiiBHiis, rojh cboj; ao£0- 
BpcAy joni HeHajy y osaKBOH pe^y, EaKo ra to sasreDa 
imae uoxepHO h RanpeAHO speiie. yje^HO cho BBje^H 
:> PAe ce sajaSH oao (So^ebJbHDO HecTo, EOje GjoBeBim 
H caMH flcCpo noSBajy, na saTO h aacTOJe jara H8- 
). y TOHe mTo OH0 TO SHajy, a b 3Baj; KaKO to Tpe6a 
3HTR, HajasDHQ CTBapajj'by csary, Koja BHJe BBKa;ia 
irreTe, Hero oj[ RopBCTH y CBasoH norjiejy. Oaaj kojb 
. C3H ca C060H qHCTe paiyBe sHEaj Ee NOse noAJie&H 
npoaacTH. SeHJbopanHHqEH eKOBOHCBH nporpav do> 
ii[a cacTojao 6h ce y rjasBoH y Toire, xa ce seHio- 

SHE yqBHH BeSaBHCHHH on CBBX yHyTapKBx Kao H 

baonRHx yTH^aja, ^a Hy ce OHorybH y opraHBsamija 
^aBaE cjiMaH ocxajHir eROBoHCRBH cBynBBaHa h a& 
a i^ej^oKynBoj seHAopa^ftH HajcauocTajHBja h uoAepaa 
)Ba. To cy 6HJie oa npBJiHKe hhcjh Be^BEor no6op- 
t H opraHHSaTopa cjioBeBa^EOr ce.&aKa xp. Janesa 
Ka. 

Gbh npeAycjOBH cy seK chcbhh bjih nexauviBo ctbo- 
1, Tpe6aBX caHO AS-^e passBjaTH h AOBecTu ao noBO.&Hor 
byiEa. CsaKaEo Tpefia sa to jom BejiHEOr Hecei5ziBor 
I, a npe ceera Ao6pe Bo^e h BpeHesa. SeHJbopaA 
tH KpesHT peryjBcaH je, aa arpapao-eEOHOMCKO hcio- 



- 113 - 

pHniTaBaae h neroBO noxHsaKe pa^H 
afpapHO-resHHiKB saopejiaK CpHsy 
Apy*6e H JipymTpa -cbhx Bpcia h r[ 
pajlHB^Ko UIEOJCTBO, Koje je jom CJa( 
8anoHe4e cy KOMac&iiBJe, ue^HopaaHjc 
BHTjTHHX BHTaoa. Rk>. fce ce peniHTH 
KaA ke 0HTH cBa seHAopaAHBna np 
qeso y pyKaiia ce.ftaKa, oBjia fce 0btb 
paAHBiDTBO y OBDH pe^y Koje xnoann 

TproBBHa B o6pT ayTOHaTBiBo < 
BBiBBBx pajtBHx cBara seiubopaAHBq: 
jom' Beiiajy Bpaaor, crapor h CTa6BJ 
HOBBHioTBa. Ofle eEOBOMCKe rpaee at 
GBja oji Apyre — sa bx ce noAynap 
jajy, aiB BBaE DOKasjjy aHatcose Hja 
Mocaeera ciapor yrBp^eHor ciaJieKa 
Eipeji ovBMa. TpsaBHBe, Koje cy ce i 
y DponiiroH jeceTiety, Morje 6ii ce 
npaaixy, Aa je 10 CTaiemxa caHocBec 
KOja fce Bs ] jipyxBTH y aajeABaqsy 
ca qspt^TBu ciajemiflH sasBpaaeH. , 
aaaa ko&b 3ajeAH0 pa^HTU c seiijbo 
CKDB GRyaHHOH, TO he ce BHAein. Cs. 
ose CEynHHe jom cyBHine sespe^e, ja 
Boa^tJHEaTa y BOrjejty CKynHacBBx hi 

OcTaje jom xpflia CRyoBBa t. ; 
raacita HHAycTpaja a pyxapcTBO. 06 
norieiy aa BaepeAee boahc CBie, jei 
QOBOAHe oojoxaje, ojufl^aa npoHOTBa 
fiorare KOja^BBe capoBBHa b t. a- joi 
HH je Be& yAapea cpaHOTHa zar „M 
CjoBeBi^B CBHH jom cy cpHme eKoaa 



- 114 — 

apH6iHSllTH OBOJ DpOAyKI^BJH, BOJa Ffia 

le. TesBH ke ocTaTH jom Jiyro, npe aero %e 
[BKO, Aa 6a y obhm rpaaaiia h obh msu h 
TO OS 3Ha^etta. 

I cKjnBHe upejicTaBAajy xpi coi^ujajHa 
I caynHHa je norayHO xeHOBpaTcxa, Apjra 
flqaa, a Tpela saciyaa — sac 'By;ia — 
HCTH^KO-ftypaoacEe BHTepece. 

QHSBOXe GjOBeHtlH E80 TaKBfl H EBO I^eiHBa? 

e setfAopaxBH^Ke npoBSsoAe, y BHAycTpaja 
rpHJH KaHeaa, rJKHe sevAe h craua. Ox 
npeHa cno^a cavo HCEopBiniaBaH.e jipBa b 
a^BBBBa, AOK seHAopaAtta npoHSBojtH jexBa 
DBHX BaHHpfiHiia, Ko je cy CjoBeniiiiia no- 
tny. CflaKe roABBe yBOse ce y cJOBeaa^Ke 
[fle KoJiH^BBe APjrHX npoiisBOAa, ibto at-a.iii 

BeJBKB B3D03 HOB^aaBZ BpeAHOCTB- Ha TO 

H H KOA Bamer yjeABaena. Jo caA ce yBO- 
ceaepHHi HevaqEBx Epajesa. KaA ^u Taj 
HHTEBe TpcTa 6h aa CJiOBeBiie DAvax no- 
lOTBor BRiaiba apBor poAa, jep 6h aocTojao 
ecTO CBHO jom ob ttpeBO Eor 6b ce hoob 
.CAeBETH flOTpe6aiia, Kcje bh Hory AaeaTii 

C BeABBOH SHAyCTpBJOH.- 



- 116 - 

2. Kiistenland und Dalmatien: 

3. Steiermark. 

10. Dr. M. Smolensky: Die Stellung und Be- 
deutung des osterreich. Loyd, der Austro-Americana 

■ und der freien Schiffahrt im Ausenhandel Osterreichs. 
Zurich. 1916. 

11. Statistik des auswartigen Handels des osterr.- 
ungar. ZoUgebietes im Jahre 1904 (Kftnra I. npsH h 

ApyPH JlfiO, II. H III.). 

12. K. k. Statistische Zentralkommission : Sta- 
tistisches Jahrbuch 1880. 

13 Aug. Einspinnerj Dalmatien sonderstellen ? 
Graz. 1916. 

14. PeBHja „Veda*, To^f^. 1914., csecBa 4- 

15. Jahrbuch des k. k. Hydrographischen Zen- 
tral-Bureau's. Wien 1903. 

16. Internationale agrar-okonomische Rundschau. 
Rom 1913. 

17. Dr. J. Krek: Les Slovenes. Paris 1917. 

18. Dr. Eugen v. Philippe vich : Grundrisse der 
Politischen Okonomie, Tubingen 1914. KaHra II. 

19. Dr. Dragotin Lontar: Slovenska socijalna 
zgodovina. 

20. Instit. international d agriculture : Bulletin 
des institutions 4canomiques et sociales. Rome 1910-12.- 




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